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ADJECTIVUL ( THE ADJECTIVE) - DETERMINATIVE ADJECTIVES

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adjective lungi in engleza : ADJECTIVUL IN ENGLEZA : adjective lungi in limba engleza : adjectivul : :

ADJECTIVUL ( THE ADJECTIVE)

Observatie:

- In limba engleza -adjectivul sta de obicei in fata substantivului.

Ex.: beautiful woman

handsome man

Exceptii: Lieutenant- Colonel

court- martial

C flat

three feet long

-adjectivul sta dupa verbele BE, BECOME, SEEM, STAY:

The weather will stay dry.

She seems happy.

-adjectivul este invariabil

- Daca avem mai multe adjective in fata unui substantiv, ordinea acestora este urmatoarea:

QUALITY SIZE SHAPE AGE COLOUR ORIGIN/STYLE MATERIAL NOUN

Exemplu: a big old expensive book

A nice small red box

A splendid young white Arab horse

The beautiful little girl

Two fantastic tall middle-aged Canadian actors

Clasificare (Classification of Adjectives):

I.1. ADJECTIVE DETERMINATIVE (DETERMINATIVE ADJECTIVES):

a)       Adjective demonstrative (Demonstrative Adjectives):

-          de apropiere: this, these;

-          de departare: that, those;

This cat is nicer than the other one.

b)       Adjective posesive (Possessive Adjectives):

-          my, your, his, her;

-          our, your, their

Tom is my son and Susan is his daughter.

c)       Adjective interogative (Interrogative Adjectives):

- which? what? whose? how much? how many?

What man asked you such a question?

How much sugar do you want?

d)       Adjective relative (Relative Adjectives):

-          which, whose, what.

The girl whose bag is red was near the window.

e)       Adjective nehotarate ( Indefinite Adjective):

-          other, several, one, certain, another, such, much, many, (a) little, (a) few, enough, each, every, all, any, no, both, either, neither.

Neither idea was good.

They are both my friends.

I have a few French books.

I. 2. ADJECTIVE CALIFICATIVE (QUALIFIER ADJECTIVES):

Observatie. Numai adjectivele calificative au grade de comparatie.

a) Adjective scurte. (Short Adjectives):

-          monosilabice si bisilabice

big, tall, small, thin, thick, happy, clean, dark;

Comparatia adjectivelor scurte:

-          gradul pozitiv: tall

-          gradul comparativ:

- de inferioritate: not so/ as tall as

- de egalitate: as tall as

- de superioritate: taller than

-          gradul superlativ:

-          relativ: the tallest

-          absolut: very tall

a)       Adjective lungi.(Long Adjectives).

Exemplu: beautiful, handsome, interesting, difficult;

Comparatia adjectivelor lungi

-          gradul pozitiv: interesting

-          gradul comparativ:

- de inferioritate: not so/as interesting as

- de egalitate: as interesting as

- de superioritate: more interesting than

-          gradul superlativ:

- relativ: the most interesting

-          absolut: very interesting

Observatie. Unele adjevtive lungi pot primi er,-est sau more, the most:

Able, clever, gentle, common, narrow, handsome, noble, simple, pleasant, simple, unkind, polite.

b)       Adjective neregulate (Irregular Adjectives):

good,well, bad, ill, little, few, much, many, old, far, near, fore, late.

Comparatia adjectivelor neregulate.

POZITIV COMPARATIV SUPERLATIV

Good better the best

Well

Bad worse the worst

Ill

Much more the most

Many

Little less-lesser the least

Few less-fewer the fewest

Far farther the farthest/the farthermost

the furthest/the farthhermost

Near nearer the nearest/the next

Fore former the foremost/the first

Late later the latest/the last

II.1. ADJECTIVE SIMPLE (SIMPLE ADJECTIVES)

young, tall, cold, warm, thin, short, fat, thick, clean, happy

2. ADJECTIVE FORMATE PRIN DERIVARE (DERIVED ADJECTIVES)

sunny, useless, unhappy, handsome, hopeless

3. ADJECTIVE FORMATE PRIN COMPUNERE (COMPOUND ADJECTIVES)

long-distance, fair-haired, dark-haired, snow-white, one-eyed, well-meaning

Good-looking, long-lasting, open-minded, well-dressed

 

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