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VERBELE TO BE, DO, HAVE

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TERMENI importanti pentru acest document

VERBELE BE, DO, HAVE

VERBUL BE

BE – WAS – BEEN

Utilizare:

  1. pentru construirea timpurilor continue si a formei pasive:

The old man is taking an afternoon nap.

The bridge was destroyed by the earthquake.

  1. pentru a exprima existenta, starea fizica sau mentala sau alte informatii despre o persoana sau un lucru:

Dr. Johnson is a dentist. He is calm and patient.

  1. pentru a exprima varsta:

The baby is two months old. How old are you?

  1. BE TO + INFINITIV: pentru a da ordine/instructiuni sua pentru a comunica un plan:

You are to finish your homework before dinner. (= You must finish…)

The chairman is to give his annual speech tomorrow. (= He plans to give…)

  1. BE ABOUT TO + INFINITIV: pentru a indica viitorul imediat:

Meg is about to leave. (= Meg is on the point of leaving.)

  1. THERE + BE + SUBSTANTIV: pentru a indica existenta unei fiinte sau a unui lucru:

There are two pieces of cake left in the fridge.

There is a person outside the door.

EXERCITII

1. Iata o descriere a lui Carolyn Ames. Completati spatiile cu BE:

I’d like to introduce you to my best friend. Her name …… Carolyn. She ……. twenty years old, but …………. twenty-one next month. She ……. a nurse and works at the local hospital. She has ………… interested in helping sick people ever since she …….. a little girl. Carolyn …… both friendly and understanding. All her patients like her!

Carolyn has always …….. tall and slim. Her hair …… fair and curly. She …….. usually well-dressed and her clothes ……… always fashionable. She radiates warmth. You can tell she ……. a happy person from her smile.

……… you glad you have met her?

2. Studiati urmatoarea lista de expresii cu BE. Alegeti-o pe cea corecta pentru a completa spatiile libere.

BE NEW TO, BE WRONG, BE TIRED, BE FOR, BE IN A HURRY, BE GOOD AT, BE AWAY, BE OVER, BE UP, BE IN.

  1. Amy should go to bed. She………………………..
  2. My husband is interested in protecting nature. He …………………….. the ecological movement.
  3. I’m afraid Ms. Jackson cannot accept your invitation. She …………….………….
  4. I’m sorry but Dr. Bellman cannot come to the phone. He (not)…………….……
  5. You’ve come too late. The concert ………………………….
  6. It’s past Jean’s bedtime. She shouldn’t ………………….………… now.
  7. Your daughter does very well in my class. She …………….…….……….English.
  8. Why are you running? …..…….. you ………………..……….?
  9. Paul is learning how to play tennis. He …………………….……….. the sport.
  10. Our calculations don’t match. I’m sure yours ………………….………………….

VERBUL DO

DO – DID – DONE

Utilizare: DO se foloseste atat ca verb auxiliar cat si ca verb propriu-zis.

A. DO ca verb auxiliar:

  1. pentru a forma negativul si interogativul prezentului simplu si trecutului simplu:

The kitten doesn’t play with strangers.

Did they go to the opera yesterday?

  1. pentru a evita repetarea aceluiasi verb sau aceleiasi expresii:

My company made a profit last year but IBM did not.

Mary typed that letter very badly. She certainly did!

  1. pentru a sublinia un afirmativ sau imperativ:

Do eat your vegetables!

You’re wrong: I did pay you!

B. DO ca verb propriu-zis – are sensul general de a duce la bun sfarsit, a realiza, a executa, a administra, a pune in practica:

Students should do the exercises at the end of each unit.

He always does the job well.

The office clerk did the transaction yesterday.

NOTA: A nu se confunda DO cu MAKE! Verbul MAKE are sensul general de a crea, a produce, a construi, a cauza, a face sa fie sau a prepara. Comparati:

to do someone a favour                       to make a friend

to do one’s best                                   to make the bed

to do good                                           to make money

to do the dishes                                    to make a rule

to do the shopping                               to make a mistake

to do one’s homework                         to make a mess

to do a crossword puzzle                     to make a living

to do one’s duty                                   to make fun of someone

to do well/badly                                   to make oneself at home

EXERCITII

3. Legati propozitiile corespondente.

1. He prepared the meal.                                                         a. He did me a favour.

2. He helped the victim.                                                          b. He did his best.

3. He studied for the history test.                                             c. He did good.

4. He vacuumed the apartment.                                               d. He did harm to it.

5. He lent me some money.                                                     e. He did the dishes.

6. He bought food for the week.                                             f. He did the shopping.

7. He got the highest mark in the class.                                   g. He did the cooking.

8. He gave money to charity.                                                  h. He did his duty.

9. He washed up after supper.                                                 i. He did his homework.

10. He kicked the dog.                                                            j. He did the housework.

4. Folositi MAKE sau DO in propozitiile de mai jos.

  1. Please, don’t . a mess.
  2. He .. the gardening for the parish to …………………….. a living.
  3. Please, sit down and ……………………….. yourself at home.
  4. Their aunt likes to …………………… a crossword puzzle after lunch.
  5. It’s easy to ………………….…….. mistakes in this exercise.
  6. The clothes are dry. Let’s ……………………. the ironing now.
  7. He ……………….. his best to …………………… enough money for his family.
  8. It’s not nice to ………………………… fun of other people.
  9. Mom …………………….… a cake every Sunday.
  10. You should ……………………… your homework.

VERBUL HAVE

HAVE – HAD – HAD

Utilizare: HAVE se foloseste atat ca verb auxiliar cat si ca verb propriu-zis.

A. HAVE ca verb auxiliar:

  1. pentru a forma alte timpuri:

Present perfect: I have worked.

Past perfect: I had worked.

Future perfect: I will have worked.

Past conditional: I would have worked.

  1. HAD BETTER + INFINITIV fara TO (short INFINITIVE):

They had better study hard from the first day of school. (It would be a good idea if they studied hard from…)

You’d better go home. (It would be a good idea if you went home.)

  1. I WON’T HAVE + COMPLEMENT + -ING:

I won’t have that dog sleeping on my bed! (I won’t permit that dog to sleep on my bed!)

B. HAVE ca verb propriu-zis:

  1. posesia:

Anne always has a cold.

Anne doesn’t always have a cold.

Does Anne always have a cold?

Cand HAVE este urmat de GOT, se intareste sensul posesiv.

Debbie’s got a lovely voice.

Have you got a computer?

  1. a manca, a bea sau a organiza:

The twins usually have dinner early.

My aunt Mary doesn’t have coffee often.

Our neighbours had a cocktail party last week.

  1. HAVE + COMPLEMENT + PAST PARTICIPLE:

Mrs. Riley had her house painted. (Mrs. Riley got someone to paint her house.)

My best friend has his hair trimmed every Friday. (My best friend has someone to cut his hair every Friday.)

EXERCITII

5. Legati propozitiile corespondente.

1. She’s smoking.                                                        a. She’s having a bath.

2. We examined the portrait.                                       b. She had a bad time.

3. She keeps sneezing.                                                c. She had a baby.

4. We have lots to worry about.                                  d. We had a long talk.

5. We conversed for hours.                                         e. We have problems.

6. She gave birth to a little girl.                                    f. She has a cold.

7. She didn’t enjoy herself.                                         g. She’s having a cigarette.

8. She’s washing herself.                                             h. We had a look at the painting.

9. We had lots of fun.                                                  i. we had a good time.

10. She needs an aspirin.                                             j. She has a headache.

6. Transformati propozitiile urmand exemplul.

  1. Mrs. Farrell got someone to fix her dish washer.

Mrs. Farrell had her dish washer fixed.

  1. Jennifer got someone to shorten her skirt.

…………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. Mr. Chadwick got someone to wash his jeep.

……………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. Mrs. Campbell got someone to straighten her son’s teeth.

……………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. Vicky got someone to clean her suits every spring.

……………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. Sally Elliot doesn’t often get anyone to mow her lawn.

……………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. My aunt gets someone to make her hats.

……………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. Nora frequently gets someone to check her eyes.

……………………………………………………………………………………………

APLICATII

MY IDENTITY

1. Let’s talk a little about our identities – which means who we are, using sociological categories of analysis, such as: nationality, age group, religion, social belonging to one group or the other etc.

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