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Can si could

Gramatica

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Can si could

Sensurile verbelor sunt urmatoarele:




  • o abilitate

He can play the piano. (El poate canta la pian)

  • o posibilitate

You can join us if you want. (Poti sa te alaturi noua, daca doresti)

  • o probabilitate

It could snow later on this evening. (Probabil ca va ninge mai tarziu in seara aceasta.)

  • o permisiune

You can borrow my CD if you want to. (Iti pot imprumuta CD-ul meu daca doresti)

  • o cerere

Can I have some more ice-cream? (Imi mai puteti da putina inghetata?)

  • o sugestie

If you have nothing else to do, you could do the ironing. (Daca nu ai altceva de facut, te poti ocupa de calcatul rufelor.)

  • o imposibilitate, atunci cand avem formele de negativ

The knockís too loud. It canít be that little boy. (Ciocanitul este prea tare. Nu poate fi baietelul acela)

Folosirea lui can si could:

Aceste verbe modale se folosesc pentru a exprima:

  1. o actiune din viitorul foarte apropiat (can)

Letís have dinner together. We can go to a Chinese restaurant. (Sa luam cina impreuna. Putem merge la un restaurant chinezesc.)

  1. o actiune trecuta (could)

My grandfather could speak Latin and old Greek. (Bunicul meu putea vorbi latina si greaca veche)

  1. modul conditional (could)

If you answered this question, you could get a better mark. (Daca ai fi raspuns la aceasta intrebare, ai fi luat o nota mai buna)

  1. vorbirea indirecta (could)

Can you do this sum in your head?

What did she say? She asked if I could do that sum in my head. (Poti face aceasta adunare in minte? Ce te-a intrebat ea? M-a intrebat daca as putea sa fac adunarea in minte)

  1. o actiune care a fost posibila, dar nu s-a produs (could have + participiu trecut)

Iím so sorry! I could have helped that old man! (Imi pare atat de rau! As fi putut sa-l ajut pe batranul acela)

Affirmative form:

singular

plural

I can

we can

you can

you can

he/she/it can

they can

singular

plural

I could

we could

you could

you could

he/she/it could

they could

Negative form:

singular



plural

I canít (cannot)

we canít (cannot)

you canít (cannot)

you canít (cannot)

he/she/it canít (cannot)

they canít (cannot)

singular

plural

I could not (couldnít)

we could not (couldnít)

you could not (couldnít)

you could not (couldnít)

he/she/it could not (couldnít)

they could not (couldnít)

Interrogative form:

singular

plural

can I?

can we?

can you?

can you?

can he/she/it ?

can they?

singular

plural

could I ?

could we ?

could you ?

could you ?

could he/she/it?

could they ?








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