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May si might - engleza

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May si might - engleza

Sensurile verbelor may si might sunt urmatoarele:




  • cerere sau o permisiune (can si could sunt mult mai folosite in vorbirea curenta)

May I use your pen? (Imi permiti sa iti folosesc stiloul?)

I wonder if I might use your phone. (Ma intreb daca as putea sa iti folosesc telefonul.)

  • posibilitate (might sugereaza o sansa mai mica de a se intampla ceva)

She has a piece of paper with a Paris telephone number. She may know somebody there.

(Ea are o bucatica de hartie cu un numar de telefon de la Paris. S-ar putea ca ea sa cunoasca pe cineva acolo.)

Folosirea lui may si might:

  1. in vorbirea indirecta (might)

I may spend the weekend with my friends. (E posibil sa imi petrec sfarsitul de saptamana cu prietenii mei)

She said she might spend the weekend with her friends. (Ea a spus ca era posibil sa fi petrecut sfarsitul de saptamana cu prietenii ei)

  1. pentru exprimarea unei posibilitati trecute (may/might + have + forma a III-a)

Nobody noticed the prisoner’s uniform outside. But he might have worn the guard’s uniform.

(Nimeni nu a observat afara uniforma prizonierului. Dar e posibil ca el sa fi purtat uniforma paznicului.)

  1. in (con)texte oficiale pentru a exprima o urare, o speranta (doar may!)

May you both be very happy. (Fie ca voi amandoi sa fiti fericiti.)

Atunci cand vrem sa exprimam faptul ca in trecut am avut permisiunea de a face ceva sau vrem sa subliniem libertatea pe care o aveam de a face ceva, folosim can, could sau be able to. May si might nu se folosesc in aceste situatii.

I could (was allowed) to use my parents’ car when I was twenty. (Puteam (aveam voie) sa folosesc masina parintilor mei la varsta de 20 de ani.)

REMEMBER: 'Might not' vs. 'Could not'
'Might not' suggests you do not know if something happens.

'Could not' suggests that it is impossible for something to happen.

Affirmative form:

singular

plural

I may

we may

you may

you may

He/she/it may

they may

singular

plural

I might

we might

you might

you might

he/she/it might

they might

Negative form:

(may not si might not nu se contrag)

singular

plural



I may not

we may not

you may not

you may not

he/she/it may not

they may not

singular

plural

I might not

we might not

you might not

you might not

he/she/it might not

they might not

Interrogative form:

singular

plural

may I?

may we?

may you?

may you?

may he/she/it ?

may they?

singular

plural

might I ?

might we ?

might you ?

might you ?

might he/she/it?

might they ?








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