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ARTICOLUL HOTARAT (THE DEFINITE ARTICLE)

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: exp articol hotarat : proiect didactic articolul hotarit : articolul hotarat proiect didactic : the and zero article plan de lectie :

ARTICOLUL (THE ARTICLE)

Clasificare (Classification of Article):

1.       Articolul hotarat (The definite article)

2.       Articolul nehotarat (The indefinite article)

3.       Articolul zero (Zero article)

1.       ARTICOLUL HOTARAT (THE DEFINITE ARTICLE)

 

THE -se pronunta [ ə ]

a)       inaintea consoanelor: the teacher

b)       inaintea semiconsoanelor (u,y,w): the university

the weak

the year

-se pronunta [ i ]

a)       inaintea vocalelor: the eye

b)       inaintea lui h mut: the hour

c)       cand accentuam ceva in mod special: This is the man.

Folosirea articolului hotarat

1.       inaintea unui substantiv deja mentionat sau cunoscut de vorbitor:

The cat near the window is my pet.

2.       inaintea adjectivelor la gradul superlativ:

She is the tallest girl in the class.

3.       inaintea substantivelor nume proprii la plural ce denumesc familii:

The Whites are our neighbours.

4.       inaintea substantivelor urmate de apozitie:

Mr. Smith, the teacher, is an Englishman.

5.       inaintea substantivelor la singular folosite in sens general:

The horse is a useful animal.

6.       inaintea substantivelor considerate unice:

The earth moves round the sun.

7.       inaintea substantivelor care denumesc muntii la plural sau lanturi muntoase;grupuri de insule;

intinderi de ape,deserturi;canale,golfuri;capuri.

The Alps, the Bahamas, the Atlantic Ocean, the Sahara, the English Canal, the Persian Golf, the Cape of Good Hope.

8.       inaintea substantivelor ce denumesc institutii:

-hoteluri si restaurante:the Hilton, the Chinese Restaurant

-muzee,biblioteci,banci: the British Museum, the Central University Library,the Midland Bank.

-teatre,cinematografe:the National Theatre, the Capitol Cinema

9.       inaintea substantivelor ce denumesc ziare:the Times, the Guardian, the Observer

10.    inaintea substantivelor ce denumesc nume de vase,trenuri,avioane:the Titanic, the Orient

Express.

11.    inaintea substantivelor ce denumesc tari (daca sunt la plural sau reprezinta o uniune):

the Unitated States of America, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

12.    inaintea numeralelor ordinale:Henry the Eighth

13.    inaintea substantivelor provenite din adjective ce denumesc clase,nationalitati sau o idee abstracta:

The rich should help the poor.

The Romanians live in Romania.

14.    inaintea substantivelor ce denumesc punctele cardinale:

The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.

15.    inaintea lui same,only:

We live in the same building.

You are the only woman for this job.

16.    inaintea numelor de instrumente muzicale in sens general:

She plays the piano.

17.    ca echivalent al pronumelui this sau that:

I am busy at the moment.

I could not remember it at the time.

18.    inaintea substantivelor ce denumesc o specie:

The trout lives in cold mountain rivers

19.    inaintea substantivelor care arata o parte a corpului omenesc:

The head was on his shoulders.

20.    inaintea substantivelor insotite de prepozitii:

at the beginning

by the way

for the time being

in the end

on the whole

to the right

to break the ice

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