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ARTICOLUL HOTARAT (THE DEFINITE ARTICLE)

Gramatica

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ARTICOLUL (THE ARTICLE)

Clasificare (Classification of Article):

Articolul hotarat (The definite article)



Articolul nehotarat (The indefinite article)

Articolul zero (Zero article)

ARTICOLUL HOTARAT (THE DEFINITE ARTICLE)

THE -se pronunta [

a)       inaintea consoanelor: the teacher

b)       inaintea semiconsoanelor (u,y,w): the university

the weak

the year

-se pronunta [ i ]

a)       inaintea vocalelor: the eye

b)       inaintea lui h mut: the hour

c)       cand accentuam ceva in mod special: This is the man.

Folosirea articolului hotarat

inaintea unui substantiv deja mentionat sau cunoscut de vorbitor:

The cat near the window is my pet.

inaintea adjectivelor la gradul superlativ:

She is the tallest girl in the class.

inaintea substantivelor nume proprii la plural ce denumesc familii:

The Whites are our neighbours.

inaintea substantivelor urmate de apozitie:

Mr. Smith, the teacher, is an Englishman.

inaintea substantivelor la singular folosite in sens general:

The horse is a useful animal.

inaintea substantivelor considerate unice:

The earth moves round the sun.

inaintea substantivelor care denumesc muntii la plural sau lanturi muntoase;grupuri de insule;

intinderi de ape,deserturi;canale,golfuri;capuri.

The Alps, the Bahamas, the Atlantic Ocean, the Sahara, the English Canal, the    Persian Golf, the Cape of Good Hope.

inaintea substantivelor ce denumesc institutii:



-hoteluri si restaurante:the Hilton, the Chinese Restaurant

-muzee,biblioteci,banci: the British Museum, the Central University Library,the Midland Bank.

-teatre,cinematografe:the National Theatre, the Capitol Cinema

inaintea substantivelor ce denumesc ziare:the Times, the Guardian, the Observer

inaintea substantivelor ce denumesc nume de vase,trenuri,avioane:the Titanic, the Orient

Express.

inaintea substantivelor ce denumesc tari (daca sunt la plural sau reprezinta o uniune):

the Unitated States of America, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

inaintea numeralelor ordinale:Henry the Eighth

inaintea substantivelor provenite din adjective ce denumesc clase,nationalitati sau o idee abstracta:

The rich should help the poor.

The Romanians live in Romania.

inaintea substantivelor ce denumesc punctele cardinale:

The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.

inaintea lui same,only:

We live in the same building.

You are the only woman for this job.

inaintea numelor de instrumente muzicale in sens general:

She plays the piano.

ca echivalent al pronumelui this sau that:

I am busy at the moment.

I could not remember it at the time.

inaintea substantivelor ce denumesc o specie:

The trout lives in cold mountain rivers

inaintea substantivelor care arata o parte a corpului omenesc:

The head was on his shoulders.

inaintea substantivelor insotite de prepozitii:

at the beginning

by the way

for the time being

in the end

on the whole

to the right

to break the ice





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