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THE PRONOUN - CLASSIFICATION

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††††††††††††††††††††††††††† THE PRONOUN

 

CLASSIFICATION

 

1.      The Personal Pronouns

2.      The Interrogative Pronouns

3.      The Relative Pronouns

4.      The Possessive Pronouns

5.      The Demonstrative Pronouns

6.      The Impersonal / General Pronouns

7.      The Reflexive Pronouns

8.      The Emphatic Pronouns

9.      The Indefinite Pronouns

10.  The Reciprocal Pronouns

  1. THE PERSONAL PRONOUNS

 

I††††††††††††††††††††† we

you††††††††††††††††† you

he††††††††††††††††††† they

she††††††††††††††††† they

it††††††††††††††††††††† they

  1. THE INTEROGATIVE PRONOUN

 

N. who

G. whos

D. who(m)Ö to? =to whom

ex. Who(m) do you give this book to? = To whom do you give this book to

Who(m) are you reffering to ? = To whom are you reffering?

Who(m) does this book belong to? = To whom does this book belong ?

forwhom ? = who(m)Ö for?

ex.: For who(m) must you buy the book? = Whom must you buy the book for?

about whom ? = who(m)Ö about?

ex.:They are talking about Jim?

Whom are they talking about? = About whom are they talking

after whom? = who(m) Ö after?

Jimmy is running after them.

After whom is Jimmy running? = Who(m) is Jim running after?

before whom? = who(m) Ö before?

He was sitting before us?

Before whom was he sitting?

behind whom

beside whom

between whom

beyond whom

by whom

for whom

from whom

near whom

of whom

on/upon whom

with whom

without whom

 

Ac.

whom

Whom did you see there?

what

What is there on the table?

what kind / sort of

What kind/sort of films do you like?

 

  1. THE RELATIVE PRONOUNS

 

who

He does not know who must come to see us.

whose

We are playing with Johnís balls but we donít know whose they are playing with.

††††† to whom = whom to

††††† I donít know who(m) I shall give this book to.

††††† whom

He could not guess whom he might see there.

which

She has many books but she doesnít know which she must read for the examination.

 

  1. THE POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

 

mine††††††††† ours

yours†††††††† yours

his ††††††††††† theirs

hers†††††††††† theirs

 

  1. THE DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS

 

this

that

these

those

 

  1. THE IMPERSONAL PRONOUNS

 

one, you

One could work there. You should always be careful when crossing the road.

 

  1. THE REFELXIVE PRONOUNS

 

myself†††††† ourselves

yourself†††† yourselves

himself††††† themselves

herself††††††

itself

oneself

 

  1. THE EMPHATIC PRONOUNS

 

myself ( eu insumi )

yourself ( tu insuti )

himself ( el insusi )

herself ( ea insasi )

itself ( el insusi )

ourselves ( noi insine)_

yourselves ( voi insiva)

themselves ( ei insisi)

 

  1. THE INDEFINITE PRONOUNS

 

all

I canít buy it all.

another

He, that tells a secret is anotherís servant.

both

You may read either of them. Both are interesting.

each

enough

More then enough is too much.

everybody

God will satisfy the needs of everybody.

everyone

You canít please everyone.

everything

the other

Jesus likes this book, but I prefer the other.

others

the others

one

You do not have any book but Jesus has one.

either

neither

If you run after two hares youíll catch neither.

several

a few

Many can bear adversity but few contempt.

few

quite a few

the former

the latter

little

How are your little ones.

a little

much

You have got little tea but I have got much.

many

The woman who marries many is disliked by many.

some

Some have been thought brave because they were afraid tor un away.

any

Youí ve got much money but I havenít got any.

somebody

anybody : affirmative = oricine

††††††††††††††††† interogative = cineva

††††††††††††††††† negative = nimeni

nobody

something

anything

nothing

someone

anyone

no one

somebody else

anybody else

nobody else

something else

anything else

nothing else

others

 

  1. RECIPROCAL PRONOUNS

 

 

each other The eight friends help each other.

one another†††††††††† The three brothers help one another.

to agree with each other = to agree one another

to be confident with each other = to be confident of one another

 

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††† DECLINAREA PRONUMELUI PERSONAL

singular form

N.††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† I,††††††††††† you,††††††† he,†††††††††† she,†††††† it

G.††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† My,††††††† your,††††† his,††††††††† her,†††††† its

††††† ††††††††††††††††††††††††††† mine,††††† yours,††† his,††††††††hers,††††† its

D.                                                            (to) me, (to) you, (to) him, (to) her, (to) it

Ac.†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† †††† me,††††††† you,††††††† him,††††††† her,††††††† it

pluralform

N. we,†††††† you,††††††† they

G. our,††††† your,††††† their,

†††† ours,†††† yours,††† theirs

D. (to) us, (to) you, (to) them

Ac.us,†††††† you,†††††††† them

 

 

 

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