Scrigroup - Documente si articole

Username / Parola inexistente      

Home Documente Upload Resurse Alte limbi doc  

CATEGORII DOCUMENTE




BulgaraCeha slovacaCroataEnglezaEstonaFinlandezaFranceza
GermanaItalianaLetonaLituanianaMaghiaraOlandezaPoloneza
SarbaSlovenaSpaniolaSuedezaTurcaUcraineana

įstatymaiįvairiųApskaitosArchitektūraBiografijaBiologijaBotanikaChemija
EkologijaEkonomikaElektraFinansaiFizinisGeografijaIstorijaKarjeros
KompiuteriaiKultūraLiteratūraMatematikaMedicinaPolitikaPrekybaPsichologija
ReceptusSociologijaTechnikaTeisėTurizmasValdymasšvietimas

Tenses

literatūra

+ Font mai mare | - Font mai mic






DOCUMENTE SIMILARE

Trimite pe Messenger

Tenses

Present Simple (Indefinite)

1.      Naudojamas nusakyti veiksmą, kuris vyksta nuolat arba tai yra gerai žinoma tiesa.


Souvenirs cost money. I am a schoolgirl.

2.      Naudojamas nusakyti įprastus veiksmus.

Dog wags its tail, fetches a ball, and responds.

3.      Naudojamas nusakyti įvykius, kurie vyksta eilės tvarka.

A tourist finds a beautiful rug and asks the price.

4.      Naudojamas nusakyti laikui ateityje, kai yra kalbama apie transportą, kalendorių, tvarkaraštį, pramogų laiką.

Tomorrow is Thursday. The plane comes at six.

Laiką nuskantys žodžiai: every, seldom, sometimes, often, never, always, occasionally, frequently.

+ V, sng. 3 + s, es

? do / does + V

- don’t / doesn’t + V

Asmenavimas                                                                                    (III asmenyje +s)

                      to be             to have         to go                                   to play

I                    am                 have               go                                        play

You               are                 have               go                                        play

He/she/it       is                   has                 goes                                     plays

We                are                 have               go                                        play

You               are                 have               go                                        play

They             are                 have               go                                        play

Veiksmažodžiai, kuriems nereikia pagalbinių do, does klausiamuosiuose ir neigiamuose sakiniuose:: to be (am, is, are), can, must, may, have, has, could, might, need.

+ I am a girl.                       + He plays the piano.                                +We play the piano.

- I am not a girl.                  - He does not play the piano                     -We do not play the piano

? Am I a girl? ? Does he play the piano?                         ? Do we play the piano?

 

Dėmesio:      turėti                                  išsireiškimas                                           britai have/has got

                      + I have a brother.              + I have a shower every day.                    + I have got a brother.

                      - I have not a brother.         - I do not have a shower every day.           - I have not got a brother.

                      ? Have I brother?               ? Do I have a shower every day?             ? Have I got a brother.

Do sit down – maldauja sėstis.(Tai ne pagalbinis)                                 


Present Progressive (Continuous)

1.      Naudojamas nusakyti vaiksmui, kuris yra atliekamas dabar ir nėra užbaigtas.

A tourist is admiring the beautiful oriental rugs on display.

2.      Naudojamas išreikšti veiksmui ateityje, kuris buvo iš anksto suplanuotas.

So you’re visiting another country this year?

3.      Išreiškiamas laiko periodas artimas dabarčiai.

I am living at my aunt’s.

4.      Naudojamas išreikšti blogiems įpročiams.

 She is always chatting during lessons.

+ am/is/are + Ving

? am/is/are +Ving

- not + Ving

Laiką nuskantys žodžiai: now, right now, at this moment, this season, today.

STATIVE VERBS!

I have a blue Toyota Camry.

We’re having dinner now.

Asmenavimas                                                                                    Galūnės –ing pridėjimo taisyklės

I                    am going        +We are playing the piano.  1) go + ing = going

You               are going        -We are not playing the piano.                  2) come + ing = coming (nebėra –e)

He/she/it       is going          ?Are we playing the piano.   3) hop + ing = hopping

                                                                                                            put + ing = putting

We                are going                                                                        run + ing = running

You               are going                                                                        swim + ing = swimming

They             are going                            



Present Perfect Progressive (Continuous)

1.      Naudojamas išrekšti veiksmui, kuris trunka neilgai, kai yra laikina situacija.

John has been working at firm for a year.

2.      Naudojamas išreikšti veiksmui, kuris vis dar yra atliekamas.

Firm has been developing advanced robots for years.

3.      Jungia praeitį ir dabartį. Kai yra nurodoma prasidėjimo data.

He has been making trips abroad since 1995.

+ have/has been + Ving

? have been + Ving

- haven’t/hasn’t been + Ving

Asmenavimas                                                                                   

I                    have been going                   +We have been playing the piano.            

You               have been going                   -We have not been playing the piano.       

He/she/it       has been going                     ?Have we been playing the piano.             

We                have been going                                                                                  

You               have been going                                                                                  

They             have been going


Present Perfect

1.      Jungia praeitį ir dabartį, kai veiksmas prasidėjo praeityje ir tesiasi iki momento dabartyje.

Bargaining has existed for centuries.

For is used to show an amount of time.

2.      Naudojamas išrekšti ilgesni beistęsianti veiksmą.

Professor has worked for a robotics firm for over 20 years.

3.      Naudojamas išreikšti veiksmui, kuris jau yra užbaigtas.

General Robotics has developed a robot dog.

4.      Naudojamas išreikšti būseną, veiksmą, kuris buvo įprastas praeityje.

Arranged marriage has never had much currency in Amer.

5.      Nusakoma veiksmų, atliekamų vienas po kito, seka.

This is the firs time, I have ever smoked.

I have seen it twice.

6.      Prieš aukščiausio laipsnio būdvardžius.

He is the cleverest boy, I have ever met.

10 h Have you written the letter this morning?

12 05h Did you write the letter this morning?

I’ve worked here for 10 years. (dar dirbu).

I worked here for 10 years. (dirbau, bet nebedirbu).

+ have/has + V3

? have/has +V3

- haven’t/ hasn’t +V3

Laiką nuskantys žodžiai: ever, never, just, already, yet, recently, lately, so far, up to now.

Asmenavimas                                                                                   

I                    have gone      +We have played the piano.

You               have gone      -We have not played the piano.                

He/she/it       has gone        ?Have we played the piano.

We                have gone                                                                      

You               have gone                                                                      

They             have gone

Past Progressive (Continuous)

1.      Naudojamas išreikšti veiksmui, kuris preityje buvo atliekamas tam tikru moment, bet nebuvo nužbaigtas.

Sister was looking for someone really special.

2.      Su blogais įpročiais.

She was always chatting during the lessons.

+ was/were + Ving                                    Asmenavimas

? was/were + Ving                                    I                    was going      +We were playing the piano

- wasn’t/ weren’t + Ving                           You               were going     -We were not playing the piano.

                                                                 He/she/it       was going      ?Were we playing the piano.

                                                                 We                were going                                                                    

You               were going                                                                    

They             were going


Past Simple (Indefinite)

1.      Naudojamas išreikšti būseną ar veiksmą praeityje, kai neturi ryšio su dabartimi arba tai yra istorinė tiesa.

He liked the idea, so he advertised for bride on the Internet.




Columbus discovered America.

It is ages since we met last.

2.      Naudojamas išreikšti laikui užbaigtam praeityje, kai yra atsakoma į klausimą “Kiek laiko?”.

The Second World War lasted nearly six years.

3.      Naudojamas išreikšti veiksmų sekai.

He opened door and went out.

Laiką nuskantys žodžiai: yesterday, last, ago, in1983, in May.

Asmenavimas                                         (+ed)             (keičiasi forma)  Galūnės –ed pridėjimo taisyklės:

                      to be             to have         to play          to see                                  play + ed = played

I                    was                had                played           saw                                     dance + ed = danced

You               were              had                played           saw                                     stop + ed= stopped

He/she/it       was                had                played           saw

We                were              had                played           saw

You               were              had                played           saw

They             were              had                played           saw

Veiksmažodžiai, kuriems nereikia pagalbinių did klausiamuosiuose ir neigiamuose sakiniuose:: was, were, could, had, might.

+ I was a girl. + He played the piano.                              +We went to the park.

- I was not a girl.                 - He did not play the piano  -We did not go to the park.

? Was I a girl?                     ? Did he play the piano?                            ? Did we go to the park?

+ V2, Ved

? did + V

- didn’t + V

Past Perfect

1.      Naudojamas išreikšti būsenai, veiksmui ar įvykiui, kuris įvyko prieš tam tikrą momentą prateityje.

He hadn’t met his bride yet.

2.      Naudojamas išreikšti veiksmui praeityje, kaiū vienas veiksmas įvyko anksčiau nei kitas.

By the time the wedding day rolled around, he had prepared everything.

Laiką nuskantys žodžiai: by, by the time, hardly, no sooner.

Asmenavimas                                                                                   

I                    had gone        +We had played the piano.                        + had + V3

You               had gone        -We had not played the piano.                  ? had + V3

He/she/it       had gone        ? Had we played the piano.  - hadn’t + V3

We                had gone                                                                       

You               had gone                                                                       

They             had gone


Past Perfect Progressive (Continuous)

1.      Naudojamas išreikšti veiksmui kuris tęsėsi iki tam tikro momento praeityje.

I didn’t get home until eight o’clock, because I’d been working late at the office.

Asmenavimas                                                                                   

I                    had been going                    +We had been playing the piano.              

You               had been going                    -We had not been playing the piano.        

He/she/it       had been going                    ? Had we been playing the piano.             

We                had been going                                                                                    

You               had been going                                                                                    

They             had been going

+ had been + Ving

? had been + Ving

- hadn’t been + Ving

Future Simple (Indefinite)

1.      Naudojamas išreikšti veiksmui ar būsenai ateityje kalbėjimo metu.

I will close the window.

2.      Naudojamas išreikšti nesuplanuotui veiksmui ateityje.

Maybe I will free.

3.      Naudojamas išreikšti spėjimui.

It will rain tomorrow. (We think so).

Laiką nuskantys žodžiai: think, expect, sure, perhaps, maybe, probably, hope, suppose, to be afraid, wonder.

                                           Asmenavimas



+ will + V                            I                    will go                                 + I will go home.

? will/shall + V                     You               will go                                 - I will not go home.

- won’t/ shan’t + V              He, she, it     will go                                 ? Will I go home?

                                           We                will go                                                                           

You               will go                                                                           

They             will go

Future Progressive (Continuous)

1.      Naudojamas išreikšti veiksmui, kuris vyks tam tikru momentu ateityje.

I am writing test tomorrow at 8.

                                           Asmenavimas

+ Shall/will be + Ving           I                    will be going                       + I will be going home

? Shall/ will be + Ving          You               will be going                       - I will not be going home.

- won’t/ shan’t +Ving           He, she, it     will be going                       ? Will I be going home?

                                           We                will be going                                                                 

You               will be going                                                                 

They             will be going


Future Perfect

1.      Naudojamas išreikšti veiksmui ar būsenai ateityje, kuris įvyks iki tam tikro momento ateityje. (By, by the time).

If you go home without having experienced bargaining, you will have missed out on one of life’s most interesting experiences.

+ will have + V3                  Asmenavimas                                                                                   

? will have + V3                  I                    will have gone                      +We will have played the piano.               

- won’t have + V3               You               will have gone                      -We will not have played the piano.          

He/she/it      will have gone                      ? Will we have played the piano.               

We                will have gone                                                                                     

You               will have gone                                                                                     

They             will have gone

Future Perfect Progressive (Continuous)

1.      Naudojamas išreikšti veiksmui ar būsenai, kuris vyks tam tikru metu ateityje.

By the end of summer, you’ll have been traveling for several weeks.

+ will have been + Ving                             Asmenavimas

? will have been + Ving        I                    will have been going             +We will have been playing the piano.

- won’t have been + Ving    You               will have been going             -We will not have been playing the piano.

He/she/it      will has been going               ? Will we have been playing the piano?     

We                will have been going                                                                            

You               will have been going                                                                            

They             will have been going

          To be going to

1.      Use was/were going to or would + base form to describe a state, event, or action that was planned in the past (before now).  Future in the past.

He had know for a long time that he was going to get married in 1998.

He just didn’t know who he waould be marrying.

2.      Use to show a planned future. To express a state, action, or event already planned before the moment of speaking.

In this week’s column, I’m going to give you some tips.

3.      Use to talk about future situation that is already developing.

Look at those dark clouds! It’s going to rain.

4.      m goin to be studying tonight.

Used to/would

1.      Use used to + base form to show a habitual state, event, or action, possession, locaion that was true in the past but is no longer true.

Arranged marriages used to be common in many countries. (They’re not very common anymore.)

? did + pronoun (įvardis)/name + use

-         didn’t use to

-         never used to (stronger in meaning)

2.      Would + base form to express actions or events that occurred regularly during a period in the past.

Friends would repeatedly ask him when he was going to get married.









Politica de confidentialitate

DISTRIBUIE DOCUMENTUL

Comentarii


Vizualizari: 1393
Importanta: rank

Comenteaza documentul:

Te rugam sa te autentifici sau sa iti faci cont pentru a putea comenta

Creaza cont nou

Termeni si conditii de utilizare | Contact
© SCRIGROUP 2019 . All rights reserved

Distribuie URL

Adauga cod HTML in site