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Example HTML

html

+ Font mai mare | - Font mai mic




DOCUMENTE SIMILARE

Trimite pe Messenger
Formatarea documentelor - Formatarea fonturilor
Inserare unui tabel
Inserare unui link
Blocuri <div>
Tag-uri utilizate pentru crearea legaturilor (referintelor, pointerilor)
Blocuri de titlu
Forma generala a unui fisier HTML
Liste neordonate
Titluri
Cadre sau subferestre



Example

<html xmlns='https://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml'>





<head>
</head>

<body>



</body>

</html>

Example

<html>
<head>
</head>

<body>
The content of the document
</body>

</html>

Example

Source

Output

<h1>This is header 1</h1>
<h2>This is header 2</h2>
<h3>This is header 3</h3>
<h4>This is header 4</h4>
<h5>This is header 5</h5>
<h6>This is header 6</h6>

This is header 1

This is header 2

This is header 3

This is header 4

This is header 5

This is header 6

Example

Source

Output

<p>This is some text in a very short paragraph</p>

This is some text in a very

short paragraph

Attribute

Value

Description

DTD

align

left
right
center
justify

Specifies the alignment of the text within the paragraph. Deprecated. Use styles instead

TF

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

In HTML the <br> tag has no end tag.

In XHTML the <br> tag must be properly closed, like this: <br />.

Tips and Notes

Note: Use the <br> tag to enter blank lines, not to separate paragraphs.

Example

Source

Output

This text contains<br />a line break

This text contains
a line break

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

In HTML the <hr> tag has no end tag.

In XHTML the <hr> tag must be properly closed.

All 'presentation attributes' of the hr element were deprecated in HTML 4.01.

All 'presentation attributes' of the hr element are not supported in XHTML 1.0 Strict DTD.

Example

Source

Output

This is some text <hr /> This is some text

This is some text

This is some text

Optional Attributes

DTD indicates in which DTD the attribute is allowed. S=Strict, T=Transitional, and F=Frameset.

Attribute

Value

Description

DTD

align

center
left
right

Specifies the alignment of the horizontal rule. Deprecated. Use styles instead

TF

noshade

noshade

When set to true the rule should render in a solid color, when set to false the rule should render in a two-color 'groove'. Deprecated. Use styles instead

TF

size

pixels
%

Specifies the thickness (height) of the horizontal rule. Deprecated. Use styles instead

TF

width

pixels
%

Specifies the width of the horizontal rule Deprecated. Use styles instead

TF

Example

Source

Output

<!--This text is a comment-->

<p>This is a regular paragraph</p>

This is a regular paragraph

HTML <a> tag HTML <a> tag HTML <a> tag

Example

Source

Output

<p>Linking to W3Schools:
<a href='https://www.w3schools.com'>
W3Schools</a>
</p>

<p>
Opening W3Schools a new browser window:
<a href='https://www.w3schools.com'
target='_blank'>W3Schools</a>
</p>

Linking to W3Schools: W3Schools

Opening W3Schools a new browser window: W3Schools

Optional Attributes

DTD indicates in which DTD the attribute is allowed. S=Strict, T=Transitional, and F=Frameset.

Attribute

Value

Description

DTD

charset

character_encoding

Specifies the character encoding of the target URL

STF

coords

if shape='rect' then
coords='left,top,right,bottom'

if shape='circ' then
coords='centerx,centery,radius'

if shape='poly' then
coords='x1,y1,x2,y2,..,xn,yn'

Specifies the coordinates appropriate to the shape attribute to define a region of an image for image maps

STF

href

URL

The target URL of the link

STF

hreflang

language_code

Specifies the base language of the target URL

STF

name

section_name

Names an anchor. Use this attribute to create a bookmark in a document.

In future versions of XHTML the name attribute will be replaced by the id attribute!!

STF

rel

alternate
designates
stylesheet
start
next
prev
contents
index
glossary
copyright
chapter
section
subsection
appendix
help
bookmark

Specifies the relationship between the current document and the target URL

STF

rev

alternate
designates
stylesheet
start
next
prev
contents
index
glossary
copyright
chapter
section
subsection
appendix
help
bookmark

Specifies the relationship between the target URL and the current document

STF

shape

rect
rectangle
circ
circle
poly
polygon

Defines the type of region to be defined for mapping in the current area tag. Used with the coords attribute.

STF

target

_blank
_parent
_self
_top

Where to open the target URL.

_blank - the target URL will open in a new window

_self - the target URL will open in the same frame as it was clicked

_parent - the target URL will open in the parent frameset

_top - the target URL will open in the full body of the window

TF

type

mime_type

Specifies the MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) type of the target URL

STF

HTML <abbr> tag HTML <abbr> tag HTML <abbr> tag

Example

Source

Output

<abbr title='United Nations'>UN</abbr>

UN

HTML <acronym> tagHTML <acronym> tag HTML <acronym> tag

Example

Source

Output

<acronym title='World Wide Web'>WWW</acronym>

WWW

HTML <address> tag HTML <address> tag HTML <address> tag

Example

Source

Output

<address>
Donald Duck<br />
Box 555<br />
Disneyland
</address>

Donald Duck
Box 555
Disneyland

HTML <area> tag

HTML <area> tag

Example

Source

Output

<p>Click on one of the planets:</p>

<img src ='planets.gif'
width='145' height='126'
alt='Planets'
usemap ='#planetmap' />

<map id ='planetmap'
name='planetmap'>
<area shape ='rect' coords ='0,0,82,126'
href ='sun.htm' target ='_blank'
alt='Sun' />
<area shape ='circle' coords ='90,58,3'
href ='mercur.htm' target ='_blank'
alt='Mercury' />
<area shape ='circle' coords ='124,58,8'
href ='venus.htm' target ='_blank'
alt='Venus' />
</map>

Click on one of the planets:

HTML <tt> <i> <b> <big> <small> tags

Definition and Usage

The following elements are all font style elements. They are not deprecated, but it is possible to achieve richer effects using style sheets.

<tt>

Renders as teletype or mono spaced text

<i>

Renders as italic text

<b>

Renders as bold text

<big>

Renders as bigger text

<small>

Renders as smaller text

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

NONE

Example

Source

Output

<tt>Teletype text</tt><br />
<i>Italic text</i><br />
<b>Bold text</b><br />
<big>Big text</big><br />
<small>Small text</small><br />

Teletype text
Italic text
Bold text
Big text
Small text

TML <blockquote> tag

Definition and Usage

The <blockquote> tag defines the start of a long quotation.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML



The <blockquote> tag is supposed to contain only block-level elements within it, and not just plain text.

To validate the page as strict XHTML, you must add a block-level element around the text within the <blockquote> tag, like this:

<blockquote>
<p>here is a long quotation here is a long quotation</p>
</blockquote>

Tips and Notes

Note: The blockquote element creates white space on both sides of the text.

Example

Source

Output

Here comes a long quotation: <blockquote> here is a long quotation here is a long quotation here is a long quotation here is a long quotation here is a long quotation here is a long quotation here is a long quotation here is a long quotation here is a long quotation here is a long quotation here is a long quotation </blockquote>

Here comes a long quotation:

here is a long quotation here is a long quotation here is a long quotation here is a long quotation here is a long quotation here is a long quotation here is a long quotation here is a long quotation here is a long quotation here is a long quotation here is a long quotation

HTML <button> tag

Definition and Usage

Defines a push button. Inside a button element you can put content, like text or images. This is the difference between this element and buttons created with the input element.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

NONE

Example

Source

Output

<button>Click Me!</button>

Click Me!

HTML <caption> tag

Definition and Usage

This element defines a table caption. The <caption> tag must be inserted immediately after the <table> tag. You can specify only one caption per table. Usually the caption will be centered above the table.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

The 'align' attribute of the caption element was deprecated in HTML 4.01.

The 'align' attribute of the caption element is not supported in XHTML 1.0 Strict DTD.

Example

Source

Output

<table border='1'>
<caption>This is a caption</caption>
<tr>
<td>Cell 1</td>
<td>Cell 2</td>
</tr>
</table>

This is a caption

Cell 1

Cell 2

Optional Attributes

DTD indicates in which DTD the attribute is allowed. S=Strict, T=Transitional, and F=Frameset.

Attribute

Value

Description

DTD

align

left
right
top
bottom

How to align the caption. Deprecated. Use styles instead.

TF

HTML <em> <strong> <dfn> <code> <samp> <kbd> <var> <cite> tags

Definition and Usage

The following elements are all phrase elements. They are not deprecated, but it is possible to achieve a much richer effect using style sheets.

<em>

Renders as emphasized text

<strong>

Renders as strong emphasized text

<dfn>

Defines a definition term

<code>

Defines computer code text

<samp>

Defines sample computer code

<kbd>

Defines keyboard text

<var>

Defines a variable

<cite>

Defines a citation

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

NONE

Example

Source

Output

<em>Emphasized text</em><br />
<strong>Strong text</strong><br />
<dfn>Definition term</dfn><br />
<code>Computer code text</code><br />
<samp>Sample computer code text</samp><br />
<kbd>Keyboard text</kbd><br />
<var>Variable</var><br />
<cite>Citation</cite>

Emphasized text
Strong text
Definition term
Computer code text
Sample computer code text
Keyboard text
Variable
Citation

HTML <col> tag

Definition and Usage

Defines the attribute values for one or more columns in a table. You can only use this element inside a table or a colgroup.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

In HTML the <col> tag has no end tag.

In XHTML the <col> tag must be properly closed.

Tips and Notes

Note: The col element is an empty element that contains attributes only. To create columns, you must specify td elements within a tr element.

Tip: Use this element when you want to specify different attribute values to a column inside a colgroup. Without a col element a column will inherit all its attribute values from the colgroup.

Example

Source

Output

This example shows a colgroup that has three columns of different widths:
<table border='1'>
<colgroup span='3'>
<col width='20'></col>
<col width='50'></col>
<col width='80'></col>
</colgroup>
<tr>
<td>1</td>
<td>2</td>
<td>3</td>
<td>4</td>
</tr>
</table>

This example shows a colgroup that has three columns of different widths:

1

2

3

4

Optional Attributes

DTD indicates in which DTD the attribute is allowed. S=Strict, T=Transitional, and F=Frameset.

Attribute

Value

Description

DTD

align

right
left
center
justify
char

Defines the horizontal alignment of the content in the table cell, in the column

STF

char

character

Defines a character to use to align text on (use with align='char')

STF

charoff

pixels
%

Defines an alignment offset to the first character to align on, as set with char

STF

span

number

Defines the number of columns the <col> should span

STF

valign

top
middle
bottom
baseline

Defines the vertical alignment of the content in the table cell, in the column

STF

width

%
pixels
relative_length

Defines the width of the column.

Note: Overrides the width set in <colgroup>

STF

HTML <colgroup> tag

Definition and Usage

Defines groups of table columns. With this element, you can group columns for formatting. This element is only valid inside the <table> tag.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

NONE

Tips and Notes

Note: The colgroup element is an empty element that contains attributes only. To create columns, you must specify td elements within a tr element.

Example

This example creates a table with four columns, with the first three columns in one colgroup, and the last column in the second colgroup:

Source

Output

<table border='1'>
<colgroup span='3' style='color:#FF0000;'>
</colgroup>
<tr>
<td>1</td>
<td>2</td>
<td>3</td>
<td>4</td>
</tr>
</table>

1

2

3

4

HTML <dd> tag

Definition and Usage

The <dd> tag defines the description of a term in a definition list.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

NONE

Example

Source

Output

<dl>
<dt>Coffee</dt>
<dd>Black hot drink</dd>
<dt>Milk</dt>
<dd>White cold drink</dd>
</dl>

Coffee

Black hot drink

Milk

White cold drink

HTML <del> tag

Definition and Usage

Defines text that has been deleted in a document.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

NONE

Tips and Notes

Tip: Use it together with the <ins> tag to describe updates and modifications in a document.

Example

Source

Output

a dozen is <del>20</del> 12 pieces

a dozen is 20 12 pieces

HTML <dir> tag

Definition and Usage

The <dir> tag defines a directory list.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

The dir element was deprecated in HTML 4.01.

The dir element is not supported in XHTML 1.0 Strict DTD.

Tips and Notes

Tip: Use CSS styles to define the type of list!

Example

Source

Output

<dir>
<li>html</li>
<li>xhtml</li>
</dir>

html

xhtml

HTML <div> tag

Definition and Usage

The <div> tag defines a division/section in a document.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

The 'align' attribute of the div element was deprecated in HTML 4.01.

The 'align' attribute of the div element is not supported in XHTML 1.0 Strict DTD.

Tips and Notes

Note: Browsers usually place a line break before and after the div element.

Tip: Use the <div> tag to group block-elements to format them with styles.

Example

Source

Output

This is some text <div style='color:#FF0000;'>
<h4>This is a header in a div section</h4>
<p>This is a paragraph in a div section</p>
</div>

This is some text

This is a header in a div section

This is a paragraph in a div section

Optional Attributes

DTD indicates in which DTD the attribute is allowed. S=Strict, T=Transitional, and F=Frameset.

Attribute

Value

Description

DTD



align

left
right
center
justify

How to align the text in the div element. Deprecated. Use styles instead.

TF

HTML <fieldset> tag

Definition and Usage

The fieldset element draws a box around its containing elements.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

NONE

Example

Source

Output

<fieldset>
Height <input type='text' size='3' />
Weight <input type='text' size='3' />
</fieldset>

Height Weight

HTML <font> tag

Definition and Usage

The <font> tag specifies the font face, font size, and font color of text.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

The font element was deprecated in HTML 4.01.

The font element is not supported in XHTML 1.0 Strict DTD.

Tips and Notes

Tip: Use styles (instead of the <font> tag) to define the font face, font size, and font color of text.

Example

Source

Output

<font size='3' color='red'>
This is some text!
</font>
<font size='1' color='blue'>
This is some text!
</font>
<font face='arial' color='red'>
This is some text!
</font>

This is some text! This is some text! This is some text!

Optional Attributes

DTD indicates in which DTD the attribute is allowed. S=Strict, T=Transitional, and F=Frameset.

Attribute

Value

Description

DTD

color

rgb(x,x,x)
#xxxxxx
colorname

Defines the color of the text in the font element. Deprecated. Use styles instead

TF

face

list_of_fontnames

Defines the font of the text in the font element. Deprecated. Use styles instead

TF

size

A number from 1 to 7.
If basefont is specified you can specify a number from -6 to 6

Defines the size of the text in the font element. Deprecated. Use styles instead

TF

HTML <form> tag

Definition and Usage

The form element creates a form for user input. A form can contain textfields, checkboxes, radio-buttons and more. Forms are used to pass user-data to a specified URL.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

NONE

Example

Source

Output

<form action='form_action.asp'
method='get'>

First name:
<input type='text' name='fname' value='Mickey' />
<br />
Last name:
<input type='text' name='lname' value='Mouse' />
<br />
<input type='submit' value='Submit' />

</form>

<p>
If you click the 'Submit' button, you will send your input to a new page called form_action.asp.
</p>

Top of Form 1

First name:
Last name:

Bottom of Form 1

If you click the 'Submit' button, you will send your input to a new page called form_action.asp.

login!!!!

HTML <frame> tag

Definition and Usage

Defines a sub window (a frame).

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

In HTML the <frame> tag has no end tag.

In XHTML the <frame> tag must be properly closed.

Tips and Notes

Note: If you want to validate a page containing frames, be sure the DTD is set to 'Frameset DTD'. Read more about XHTML Validation.

Important: You cannot use the <body></body> tags together with the <frameset></frameset> tags! However, if you add a <noframes> tag containing some text for browsers that do not support frames, you will have to enclose the text in <body></body> tags!

Example

Source

Output

<a href='planets.htm' target='_blank'>View this page for the result</a>

The source code in 'planets.htm':
<html>
<frameset cols = '25%, 25%,*'>
<frame src ='venus.htm' />
<frame src ='sun.htm' />
<frame src ='mercur.htm' />
</frameset>
</html>

View this page for the result

https://www.w3schools.com/tags/planets.htm

HTML <frameset> tag

Definition and Usage

The frameset element defines a frameset. It is used to organize multiple windows (frames). Each frame holds a separate document. In its simplest use, the frameset element states only how many columns or rows there will be in the frameset. You must use the cols or the rows attribute.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

NONE

Tips and Notes

Note: If you want to validate a page containing frames, be sure the DTD is set to 'Frameset DTD'. Read more about XHTML Validation.

Important: You cannot use the <body></body> tags together with the <frameset></frameset> tags! However, if you add a <noframes> tag containing some text for browsers that do not support frames, you will have to enclose the text in <body></body> tags!

Example

Source

Output

<a href='planets.htm' target='_blank'>View this page for the result</a>

The source code in 'planets.htm':
<html>
<frameset cols = '25%, 25%,*'>
<frame src ='venus.htm' />
<frame src ='sun.htm' />
<frame src ='mercur.htm' />
</frameset>
</html>

View this page for the result

HTML <iframe> tag

Definition and Usage

The iframe element creates an inline frame that contains another document.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

NONE

Example

Source

Output

<iframe
src ='/default.asp'
width='100%'>
</iframe>

Optional Attributes

DTD indicates in which DTD the attribute is allowed. S=Strict, T=Transitional, and F=Frameset.

Attribute

Value

Description

DTD

align

left
right
top
middle
bottom

Specifies how to align the iframe according to the surrounding text

TF

frameborder

1
0

Specifies whether or not to display a frame border

TF

height

pixels
%

Defines the height of the iframe

TF

longdesc

URL

A URL to a long description of the frame contents

TF

marginheight

pixels

Defines the top and bottom margins of the iframe

TF

marginwidth

pixels

Defines the left and right margins of the iframe

TF

name

frame_name

Specifies a unique name of the iframe (to use in scripts)

TF

scrolling

yes
no
auto

Define scroll bars

TF

src

URL

The URL of the document to show in the iframe

TF

width

pixels
%

Defines the width of the iframe

TF

HTML <img> tag

Definition and Usage

The img element defines an image.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

In HTML the <img> tag has no end tag.

In XHTML the <img> tag must be properly closed.

The 'align', 'border', 'hspace', and 'vspace' attributes of the image element were deprecated in HTML 4.01.

The 'align', 'border', 'hspace', and 'vspace' attributes of the image element are not supported in XHTML 1.0 Strict DTD.

Mozilla Firefox and the alt Attribute

If you use the alt attribute in Firefox on images and image maps the text will not show on mouse-over as in other browsers.

Firefox uses the alt attribute the way it's meant to be used, like an alternative text if the image won't load, not as a mouse-over text.

Firefox does support mouse-over comments on images or image maps if you use a title attribute in the <img> tag.

E.g. <img src='image.gif' alt='bla' title='bla bla bla'

Example

Source

Output

<img src='angry.gif' alt='Angry' />

FPRIVATE 'TYPE=PICT;ALT=Angry'

HTML <label> tag

Definition and Usage

Defines a label to a control. If you click the text within the label element, it is supposed to toggle the control.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

NONE

Tips and Notes

Note: The 'for' attribute binds a label to another element. Set the value of the 'for' attribute equal to the value of the 'id' attribute of the related element.

Example

Source

Output

<p>Try clicking on the text labels:</p>

<form name='input' action=''>
<input type='radio' name='sex' id='male' />
<label for='male'>Male</label>
<br />
<input type='radio' name='sex' id='female' />
<label for='female'>Female</label>
</form>

Try clicking on the text labels:

Top of Form 1

Male
Female

https://www.w3schools.com/tags/tag_label.aspBottom of Form 1

Definition and Usage

The <li> tag defines the start of a list item. The <li> tag is used in both ordered (<ol>) and unordered lists (<ul>).

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

The 'type' and 'value' attributes of the li element were deprecated in HTML 4.01.

The 'type' and 'value' attributes of the li element are not supported in XHTML 1.0 Strict DTD.

Tips and Notes

Tip: Use styles to define the type of list.

Examples

Source

Output

<ol>
<li>Coffee</li>
<li>Tea</li>
</ol>

<ul>
<li>Coffee</li>
<li>Tea</li>
</ul>

Coffee

Tea

Coffee

Tea

HTML <menu> tag

Definition and Usage

The <menu> tag defines a menu list.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

The menu element was deprecated in HTML 4.01.

The menu element is not supported in XHTML 1.0 Strict DTD.

Tips and Notes

Tip: Use CSS styles to define the type of list!

Example



Source

Output

<menu>
<li>html</li>
<li>xhtml</li>
</menu>

html

xhtml

HTML <noframes> tag

Definition and Usage

The noframes element displays text for browsers that do not handle frames. The noframes element goes inside the frameset element.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

NONE

Tips and Notes

Note: If a browser handles frames, it will not display the text in the noframes element.

Important: If you add a <noframes> tag to a frameset, you will have to enclose the text in <body></body> tags!

Note: If you want to validate a page containing frames, be sure the DTD is set to 'Frameset DTD'. Read more about XHTML Validation.

Note: The <noframes> tag is not allowed in XHTML 1.0 Strict DTD.

Example

<frameset cols = '25%, 25%,*'>
<noframes>
<body>Your browser does not handle frames!</body>
</noframes>
<frame src ='venus.htm' />
<frame src ='sun.htm' />
<frame src ='mercur.htm' />
</frameset>

HTML <noscript> tag

Examples

JavaScript:
<body>


<script type='text/javascript'>
<!--
document.write('Hello World!')
//-->
</script>
<noscript>Your browser does not support JavaScript!</noscript>


</body>

VBScript:
<body>


<script type='text/vbscript'>
<!--
document.write('Hello World!')
'-->
</script>
<noscript>Your browser does not support VBScript!</noscript>


</body>

HTML <object> tag

Definition and Usage

Defines an embedded object. Use this element to add multimedia to your XHTML page. This element allows you to specify the data and parameters for objects inserted into HTML documents, and the code that can be used to display/manipulate that data.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

NONE

Tips and Notes

Note: An object element can appear inside the head or the body element. The text between the <object> and </object> is the alternate text, for browsers that do not support this tag. The <param> tags define run-time settings for the object.

Tip: For images use the <img> tag instead of the <object> tag.

Example

Source

Output

<object classid='clsid:F08DF954-8592-11D1-B16A-00C0F0283628' id='Slider1' width='100' height='50'>
<param name='BorderStyle' value='1' />
<param name='MousePointer' value='0' />
<param name='Enabled' value='1' />
<param name='Min' value='0' />
<param name='Max' value='10' />
</object>

clsid:F08DF954-8592-11D1-B16A-00C0F0283628 asta tebuie inlocuita

HTML <optgroup> tag

Definition and Usage

Defines an option group. This element allows you to group choices. When you have a long list of options, groups of related choices are easier to handle.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

NONE

Example

Source

Output

<select>
<optgroup label='Swedish Cars'>
<option value ='volvo'>Volvo</option>
<option value ='saab'>Saab</option>
</optgroup>
<optgroup label='German Cars'>
<option value ='mercedes'>Mercedes</option>
<option value ='audi'>Audi</option>
</optgroup>
</select>

https://www.w3schools.com/tags/tag_optgroup.asp

HTML <option> tag

Definition and Usage

The option element defines an option in the drop-down list.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

In HTML the <option> tag has no end tag.

In XHTML the <option> tag must be properly closed.

Tips and Notes

Note: The <option> tag can be used without any attributes, but you usually need the value attribute, which indicates what is sent to the server.

Note: Use this tag in conjunction with the select element, elsewhere it is meaningless.

Example

Source

Output

<select>
<option value ='volvo'>Volvo</option>
<option value ='saab'>Saab</option>
<option value ='opel' selected='selected'>Opel</option>
<option value ='audi'>Audi</option>
</select>

HTML <pre> tag

Definition and Usage

The pre element defines preformatted text. The text enclosed in the pre element usually preserves spaces and line breaks. The text renders in a fixed-pitch font.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

The 'width' attribute of the pre element was deprecated in HTML 4.01.

The 'width' attribute of the pre element is not supported in XHTML 1.0 Strict DTD.

Note on <pre>

It is worth noting that while <xmp> is deprecated, the <pre> tag does not perform all of the functions of <xmp>:

<pre><b>Hello</b></pre> displays Hello

<xmp><b>Hello</b></xmp> displays <b>Hello</b>

Example

Source

Output

<pre>
This text is
in a fixed-pitch
font, and it preserves
both spaces and
line breaks
</pre>

HTML <q> tag

Definition and Usage

The <q> tag defines the start of a short quotation.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

NONE

Tips and Notes

Note: According to the HTML 4.01 spec, the q element should render with delimiting quotation marks. This works in Mozilla browsers (Firefox) and Opera. Internet Explorer ignores this entirely.

Example

Source

Output

Here comes a short quotation: <q>here is a short quotation here is a short quotation</q>

Here comes a short quotation: here is a short quotation here is a short quotation

HTML <s> and <strike> tags

Definition and Usage

The <s> and <strike> tags defines strikethrough text.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

The <s> and <strike> elements were deprecated in HTML 4.01.

The <s> and <strike> elements are not supported in XHTML 1.0 Strict DTD.

Tips and Notes

Tip: Use <del> instead!

Example

Source

Output

A new version is <s>not yet available.</s> now available!
<br />
<br />
A new version is <strike>not yet available.</strike> now available!

A new version is not yet available. now available!

A new version is not yet available. now available!

HTML <script> tag

Definition and Usage

Defines a script, such as a JavaScript.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

The 'language' attribute of the script element was deprecated in HTML 4.01.

The 'language' attribute of the script element is not supported in XHTML 1.0 Strict DTD.

Tips and Notes

Note: Code within this element is executed immediately when the page is loaded, if it is not in a function. Script that appears after a <frameset> tag will be ignored.

Example

Source

Output

<script type='text/javascript'>
document.write('Hello World!')
</script>

Hello World!

HTML <span> tag

Definition and Usage

The <span> tag is used to group inline-elements in a document.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

NONE

Tips and Notes

Tip: Use the <span> tag to group inline-elements to format them with styles

Example

Source

Output

<p>This is a paragraph <span style='color:#0000FF;'>This is a paragraph</span> This is a paragraph</p>

<p>
<span style='color:#00DD45;'>
This is another paragraph
</span>
</p>

This is a paragraph This is a paragraph This is a paragraph

This is another paragraph

HTML <style> tag

Definition and Usage

Defines a style in a document.

The style element goes in the head section. If you want to include a style sheet in your page, you should define the style sheet externally, and link to it using <link>.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

NONE

Tips and Notes

Tip: To learn more about style sheets, visit our CSS Tutorial.

Example

Source

<head>
<style type='text/css'>
h1
h3
</style>
</head>

HTML <sub> and <sup> tags

Definition and Usage

The <sub> tag defines subscript text. The <sup> tag defines superscript text.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

NONE

Example

Source

Output

This text contains <sub>subscript</sub>

This text contains <sup>superscript</sup>

This text contains subscript

This text contains superscript

HTML <tbody> tag

Definition and Usage

Defines a table body.

The thead, tfoot and tbody elements enable you to group rows in a table. When you create a table, you might want to have a header row, some rows with data, and a row with totals at bottom. This division enables browsers to support scrolling of table bodies independently of the table header and footer. When long tables are printed, the table header and footer information may be repeated on each page that contains table data.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

NONE

Tips and Notes

Note: The <tbody> must have a <tr> tag inside!

Note: If you use the thead, tfoot and tbody elements, you must use every element. They should appear in this order: <thead>, <tfoot> and <tbody>, so that browsers can render the foot before receiving all the data. You must use these tags within the table element.

Note: The <thead>,<tbody> and <tfoot> elements are seldom used, because of bad browser support. Expect this to change in future versions of XHTML. If you have Internet Explorer 5.0 or newer, you can view an example in our XML tutorial.

Example

Source

Output

<table border = '1'>
<thead>
<tr>
<td>This text is in the THEAD</td>
</tr>
</thead>
<tfoot>
<tr>
<td>This text is in the TFOOT</td>
</tr>
</tfoot>
<tbody>
<tr>
<td> This text is in the TBODY</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>

This text is in the THEAD

This text is in the TFOOT

This text is in the TBODY

HTML <textarea> tag

Definition and Usage

Defines a text-area (a multi-line text input control). A user can write text in the text-area. In a text-area you can write an unlimited number of characters. The default font in the text-area is fixed pitch.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

NONE

Example

Source

Output

<textarea rows='2' cols='20'>
The cat was playing in the garden. Suddenly a dog showed up..
</textarea>

HTML <th> tag

Definition and Usage

Defines a table header cell in a table. The text within the th element usually renders in bold.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

The 'bgcolor', 'height', 'width', and 'nowrap' attributes of the th element were deprecated in HTML 4.01.

The 'bgcolor', 'height', 'width', and 'nowrap' attributes of the th element are not supported in XHTML 1.0 Strict DTD.

Example

Source

Output

<table border = '1'>
<tr>
<th>Header 1</th>
<th>Header 2</th>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Cell A</td>
<td>Cell B</td>
</tr>
</table>

Header 1

Header 2

Cell A

Cell B

HTML <u> tag

Definition and Usage

The <u> tag defines underlined text.

Differences Between HTML and XHTML

The u element was deprecated in HTML 4.01.

The u element is not supported in XHTML 1.0 Strict DTD.

Tips and Notes

Tip: Do not underline text - a user confuses it with a hyperlink!!

Example

Source

Output

A new version is <u>now available!</u>

A new version is now available!







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