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shar linux command

linux

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shar

shar [options] files




shar -S [options

Create shell archives (or shar files) that are in text format and can be mailed. These files may be unpacked later by executing them with /bin/sh. Other commands may be required on the recipient's system, such as compress, gzip, and uudecode. The resulting archive is sent to standard output, unless the -o option is given.

Options

-a, --net-headers

Allows automatic generation of headers. The -n option is required if the -a option is used.

-b bits, --bits-per-code=bits

Use -b bits as a parameter to compress (when doing compression). Default value is 12. The -b option automatically turns on -Z.

-c, --cut-mark

Start the shar file with a line that says 'Cut here.'

-d delimiter, --here-delimiter=delimiter

Use delimiter for the files in the shar instead of SHAR_EOF.

-f, --basename

Causes only simple filenames to be used when restoring, which is useful when building a shar from several directories or another directory. (If a directory name is passed to shar, the substructure of that directory will be restored whether or not -f is used.)

-g level, --level-for-gzip=level

Use -level as a parameter to gzip (when doing compression). Default is 9. The -g option turns on the -z option by default.

--help

Print a help summary on standard output, then exit.

-l nn, --whole-size-limit=nn

Limit the output file size to nn kilobytes but don't split input files. Requires use of -o.

-m, --no-timestamp

Don't generate touch commands to restore the file modification dates when unpacking files from the archive.

-n name, --archive-name=name

Name of archive to be included in the header of the shar files. Required if the -a option is used.

--no-i18n

Do not produce internationalized shell archives; use default English messages. By default, shar produces archives that will try to output messages in the unpacker's preferred language (as determined by LANG/LC_MESSAGES).

-o prefix, --output-prefix=prefix

Save the archive to files prefix.01 through prefix.nn (instead of sending it to standard output). This option must be used when either -l or -L is used.

-p, --intermix-type

Allow positional parameter options. The options -B, -T, -z, and -Z may be embedded, and files to the right of the option will be processed in the specified mode.

--print-text-domain-dir

Print the directory shar looks in to find messages files for different languages, then immediately exit.



-q, --quiet, --silent

Turn off verbose mode.

-s who@where, --submitter=who@where

Supply submitter name and address, instead of allowing shar to determine it automatically.

--version

Print the version number of the program on standard output, then exit.

-w, --no-character-count

Do not check each file with wc -c after unpacking. The default is to check.

-x, --no-check-existing

Overwrite existing files without checking. Default is to check and not overwrite existing files. If -c is passed as a parameter to the script when unpacking (sh archive -c), existing files will be overwritten unconditionally. See also -X.

-z, --gzip

gzip and uuencode all files prior to packing. Must be unpacked with uudecode and gunzip (or zcat).

-B, --uuencode

Treat all files as binary; use uuencode prior to packing. This increases the size of the archive, and it must be unpacked with uudecode.

-D, --no-md5-digest

Do not use md5sum digest to verify the unpacked files. The default is to check.

-F, --force-prefix

Force the prefix character to be prepended to every line even if not required. May slightly increase the size of the archive, especially if -B or -Z is used.

-L nn, --split-size-limit=nn

Limit output file size to nn kilobytes and split files if necessary. The archive parts created with this option must be unpacked in correct order. Requires use of -o.

-M, --mixed-uuencode

Pack files in mixed mode (the default). Distinguishes files as either text or binary; binaries are uuencoded prior to packing.

-P, --no-piping

Use temporary files instead of pipes in the shar file.

-Q, --quiet-unshar

Disable verbose mode.

-S, --stdin-file-list

Read list of files to be packed from standard input rather than from the command line. Input must be in a form similar to that generated by the find command, with one filename per line.

-T, --text-files

Treat all files as text.

-V, --vanilla-operation

Produce shars that rely only upon the existence of sed and echo in the unsharing environment.

-X, --query-user

Prompt user to ask if files should be overwritten when unpacking.

-Z, --compress

Compress and uuencode all files prior to packing.






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