THE NATIONAL DAYS OF
This paper work of the National Days of U.S.A. and
National Days are national holidays marked by patriotic displays.
They celebrate democratic principles such as liberty,freedom,equality under the law.
I have always been fascinated by the National parades that take place in each country on such special days dedicated to them.
As we celebrate Christmas and Easter,because we are Christians ,also the celebration of the nationals Days represent a reason of joy,of opening our hearts when people are coming together and leave behind bad feelings and negative thinking,they try to forget about the daily problems,they just live the moment without thinking of the future,they are all optimistic and they celebrate in their traditional ways.
An interesting fact that I have noticed and you will see in the section called Scotland folk is that people believe in old saying and they still care about their tradition:a girl who wants to find out if she is going to marry or not.
Traditions represent originality,individuality and without them a country would not be considered a true country.
Nature is another place where people gather to spend time for a barbeque and to relax breathing fresh air.
What can be nicer than seeing people together enjoying their off time,celebrating the day dedicated to their country.
The National Day of
Facts & History
Bands are invited based on recommendations from each state's Governor's office. Other times these recommendations come from a state's music educators office or the state tourism board at the governor's request.
Representation from all parts of the
offers unlimited excitement on July 4th in addition to the parade. A National
Folklife Festival on the Mall features different cultures in the
Units in the parade consist of approximately 20 - 25 marching bands (including fife and drum corps), 15 floats, 20 specialty units (military, giant balloons, equestrian, municipal entries, drill teams), 15 celebrity participants (movie/television and recording artists, as well as local and national dignitaries and officials).
The National Achieves Building- starting point
In the United States, Independence Day (commonly known as 'the Fourth of July' or 'July Fourth') is a federal holiday celebrating the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, , declaring independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Independence Day is commonly associated with parades, barbecues, beer, picnics, baseball games, and various other public and private events celebrating the history, government, and traditions of the United States. Fireworks have been associated with the Fourth of July since 1777.
In 1778, General George Washington marked the Fourth of July with a double ration of rum for his soldiers and an artillery salute. Across the Atlantic Ocean, ambassadors John Adams and Benjamin Franklin held a dinner for their fellow Americans in Paris, France.
In 1779, July 4 fell on a Sunday. The holiday was celebrated on Monday July 5.
In 1781, Massachusetts was the first legislature to recognize the Fourth of July.
In 1783, Moravians in Salem, North Carolina held the first celebration of the Fourth of July in the country with a challenging music program assembled by Johann Friedrich Peter. This work was titled the Psalm of Joy.
In 1791, First recorded under 'Independence Day' name.
In 1870, the U.S. Congress made Independence Day a holiday, albeit unpaid, for federal employees.
Originally entitled Yankee Doodle, this is one of several versions of a scene painted by A. M. Willard that came to be known as The Spirit of '76. Often imitated (or parodied), it is a familiar symbol of American patriotism.
Independence Day, as the only holiday celebrating the United States as a whole, is a national holiday marked by patriotic displays. Similar to other summer-themed events, Fourth of July celebrations often occur in the outdoors. Independence Day is considered a federal holiday, which usually means that all non-essential federal institutions (like the U.S. Postal Service, court systems, etc) are closed on the Independence Day. Many politicians make it a point on this day to appear at a public event to praise the nation's heritage, society and people. Speeches and editorials may invoke Revolutionary War themes such as United States founding fathers (such as John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Patrick Henry, George Washington and others), the Constitution, the Liberty Bell, and democratic principles such as liberty, freedom, equality under the law, inalienable rights, and representative government.
Families often mark the Fourth of July with a picnic or barbecue, and often gather with family relatives, taking advantage of the long weekend or day off from work. Decorations (e.g., streamers, balloons, and clothing) generally are colored red, white, and blue due to the colors of the American Flag. Parades are often held Independence Day morning, baseball games are usually held (July 4th being nearly halfway into the baseball season), and the evening is usually marked by displays of fireworks at public parks. Some other Independence Day traditions concurrent with these events include face painting for the children and tossing of a football or frisbee.
Independence Day fireworks are often accompanied by a pops orchestra playing patriotic songs such as 'The Star-Spangled Banner', 'God Bless America', 'America the Beautiful', 'My Country, Tis of Thee', 'This Land Is Your Land', and 'Stars and Stripes Forever'. Some of these songs include lyrics that recall images of the Revolutionary War or the War of 1812. While the '1812 Overture' refers to Russia's defeat of Napoleon, it has been traditionally used by the Boston Pops which was broadcast nationwide on PBS so many Americans also associate this musical work with July 4th fireworks today.
Banner', also the
Firework shows are often held in many states, and many fireworks are sold for personal use or as an alternative to a public show. Concerns about safety have led some states to ban fireworks or limit the sizes and types allowed, but illicit traffic brings plenty of firecrackers in from less restrictive states, showing that the American people have nevertheless found a way to celebrate 'with pomp and parade, with shows, games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires, and illuminations.'
Most fireworks shows in the
Fourth of July barbecues and picnics are outdoor meals that are easy to prepare for the large quantities of people that often gather on the holiday.
Barbecues generally involve hamburgers and hot dogs.A typical 4th of July barbecue might involve hamburgers and grilled corn on the cob.
Fourth of July picnics are generally held in parks while waiting for fireworks or are held at the beach. They do not involve heated meats and instead include sandwiches such as peanut butter and jelly sandwiches and tuna salad sandwiches. Picnics were traditionally transported in a picnic basket although they are more commonly carried in coolers.
Beverages for a picnic or barbecue generally include 2-liters of soda. Soda is chilled with ice and served in cups. If alcoholic beverages are present, the host may provide beer or a keg or may ask participants to bring their own beer .If beverages are drunk directly from the can, a coozie may be used. Traditional side dishes for a picnic or barbecue include potato salad, potato chips, vegetable tray, jello salad, and perhaps baked beans or corn on the cob.
Guests at barbecues and picnics may sit at a picnic table or some other form of outdoor furniture. If the picnic is in a park (especially where fireworks are held), a blanket or towel may be set on the ground and participants eat the food sitting down on the blanket.
America's Freedom Festival at Provo is one of the largest freedom festivals. Its events include one of the largest Fourth of July parades, and the Stadium of Fire.
THE UNION FLAG
The Union Flag (more commonly known as the Union Jack) is the national flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Historically, the flag has been used throughout the former British Empire
The issue of whether it is acceptable to use
the term 'Union Jack' is one that causes considerable controversy.
Although it is often asserted that 'Union Jack' should only be used
for the flag when it is flown as a jack (a
small flag flown at the bow of a ship), it is not universally accepted that the
'Jack' of 'Union Jack' is a reference to such a jack flag;
other explanations have been put forward. The term possibly dates from the
early 1700s, but its origin is uncertain. The word Jack may have come from the
name of James VI, King of Scots who inherited the
English crown, causing the flag to be designed, that is Jac from Jacobus, Latin
for James. The size and power of the Royal Navy internationally at the time
could also explain why the flag was nicknamed the 'Union Jack';
considering the navy was so widely utilised and renowned by the United Kingdom
and Commonwealth countries, it is possible that the term 'Jack' did
occur due to its regular usage on all British ships using the 'Jack
Staff' (a flag pole attached to the bow of a ship), indeed the term
'Jack' is used for sailors, hence the phrase 'Jack of all trades'. Even if the term
'Union Jack' does derive from the jack flag (as perhaps seems most
likely), after three centuries, it is now sanctioned by usage, has appeared in
official usage, and remains the popular term. The BBC website disregards the
term 'union flag' because of its 'great potential for
confusion', preferring union jack (in lower case). The term
'Union Flag', on the other hand, is the term preferred in official
documents by vexillologists. The Merchant Shipping Act 1995 refers to the national colours
The Patron Saint
George is the patron saint of England.
His emblem, a red cross on a white background, is the flag of England, and part of the British flag.
George was a brave Roman soldier who protested against the Romans' torture of Christians
and died for his beliefs. The popularity of St George in
of the best-known stories about Saint George is his fight with a dragon. But it
is highly unlikely that he ever fought a dragon, and even more unlikely that he
ever actually visited
St George is always depicted as a knight carrying a shield with a red cross (or a banner with a red cross), generally sitting upon a horse and always killing a dragon.
By tradition, April 23rd is the day for
a red rose in the
button hole, the national flower.
However, unlike other countries,
Special parades and
George frequently appears in Mummers' Plays during Easter
celebrations. Mummers' Plays have been performed in
THE LEGEND OF ST. GEORGE AND THE DRAGON
The most famous legend of
Saint George is of him slaying a dragon. In
the Middle Ages the dragon was commonly used to represent the Devil. The
slaying of the dragon by St George was first credited to him in the twelfth
century, long after his death. It is therefore likely that the many stories
There are many versions of story of St George slaying the dragon, but most agree on the following:
A town was terrorised by a dragon A young princess was offered to the dragon and when George heard about this he rode into the village, slayed the dragon and rescued the princess.
George journeyed for many months by land and sea until he came to
said the old man, 'he demands the sacrifice of a beautiful maiden and now all
the young girls have been killed. The King's daughter alone remains, and unless
we can find a knight who can slay the dragon she will be sacrificed tomorrow.
The king of
When St. George heard this story, he was determined to try and save the princess, so he rested that night in the hermit's hut, and at daybreak set out to the valley where the dragon lived. When he drew near he saw a little procession of women, headed by a beautiful girl dressed in pure Arabian silk. The princess Sabra was being led by her attendants to the place of death. The knight spurred his horse and overtook the ladies. He comforted them with brave words and persuaded the princess to return to the palace. Then he entered the valley.
As soon as the dragon saw him it rushed from its cave, roaring with a sound louder than thunder. Its head was immense and its tail fifty feet long. But St. George was not afraid. He struck the monster with his spear, hoping he would wound it. The dragon's scales were so hard that the spear broke into a thousand pieces. and St. George fell from his horse. Fortunately he rolled under and enchanted orange tree against which not poison could prevail, so that the venomous dragon was unable to hurt him. Within a few minutes he had recovered his strength and was able to fight again.
He smote the beast with his sword but the dragon poured poison on him and his armour split in two. Once more he refreshed himself from the orange tree and then, with his sword in his hand, he rushed at the dragon and pierced it under the wing where there were no scales.
The Real St George
Saint George is popularly
Quick Facts about St George
St. George is believed to have been born
in Cappadocia (now
The Emperor Diocletian gave him many
important missions, and it is thought that on one of these he came to
1222, the Council of Oxford declared April 23 to be
St George is patron saint not only of
St George is also patron saint of soldiers, archers, cavalry and chivalry, farmers and field workers, riders and saddlers, and he helps those suffering from leprosy, plague and syphilis.
In paintings St George is always shown as a knight carrying a shield with a red cross (or a banner with a red cross). It is also very common to see him sitting upon a horse and killing a dragon.
The images below are suitable to show children during a St Georges Day Assembly.
The Constitution provides (Article 4) that the name of the
State is Éire, or in the English language,
The etymology of the name Éire is uncertain and
various theories have been advanced. There is no doubt but that it is a name of
considerable antiquity. It first appears as Ierne in Greek geographical
writings which may be based on sources as early as the 5th century BC. In
Ptolemy’s map (c AD 150) the name appears as Iouernia; some such form
was transliterated into Latin as Iuverna. The standard Latin form,
In mythology, Ériu was one of three divine eponyms for
The national flag is a tricolour of green, white and orange. The tricolour is rectangular in shape, the width being twice the depth. The three colours are of equal size, vertically disposed, and the green is displayed next to the staff. The flag was first introduced by Thomas Francis Meagher during the revolutionary year of 1848 as an emblem of the Young Ireland movement, and it was often seen displayed at meetings alongside the French tricolour.
The green represents the older Gaelic and Anglo-Norman
element in the population, while the orange represents the Protestant planter
stock, supporters of William of Orange. The meaning of the white was well
expressed by Meagher when he introduced the flag. 'The white in the
centre', he said, 'signifies a lasting truce between the ‘
It was not until the Rising of 1916, when it was raised above
the General Post Office in
The harp has been regarded as the official symbol or coat of
The heraldic harp is invariably used by the Government, its agencies and its representatives at home and abroad. It is engraved on the seal matrix of the office of President as well as on the reverse of the coinage of the state. It is also emblazoned on the distinctive flag of the President - a gold harp with silver strings on an azure field.
The model for the artistic representation of the heraldic
harp is the 14th century harp now preserved in the
The text of The Soldier’s Song (Amhrán na bhFíann), consisting of three stanzas and a chorus, was written in 1907 by Peadar Kearney, who also composed the music together with Patrick Heeney. It was first published in the newspaper, Irish Freedom, in 1912. The chorus, of which the words and music are given above, was formally adoptedas the National Anthem in 1926, displacing the earlier Fenian anthem, God Save Ireland. A section of the National Anthem (consisting of the first four bars followed by the last five) is also the Presidential Salute.
The national day is St Patrick’s Day, the 17th of March.
St Patrick’s Day is the feast day which celebrates St Patrick
(386-493), the Patron Saint of the
St Patrick’s Day is celebrated globally wherever there are
Irish communities or people whose ancestors came from
Such is the popularity of St Patrick’s Day (for reasons stated below) it is increasingly celebrated by those without Irish connections and in places where there are no substantial Irish communities.
Celebrations are generally themed around the colour Green and
all things associated with
The fact that the breweries actively promote St Patrick’s Day as a way of selling their beers results in the fact that you can find celebrations in such places as Malaysia (a Muslim country) in the bars which sell products produced by Guinness Anchor, the country’s largest brewer. Breweries often supply green coloured paper hats etc free to customers and green decorations for bars and restaurants.
The long established St Patrick’s Day Parade in Dublin is now
part of a five day festival of celebrations, with over half a million people
attending in 2006. This is a relatively modern feature as it was only in 1996
Although not an official holiday in the
As a Christian festival, St Patrick’s Day is
celebrated by the Roman Catholic Church, the
Irish people still wear shamrock and green, white
and orange (the colours of the flag of the
St Patrick was an English or Scottish missionary
who converted many pagans to Christianity and his existence has been
established in history. However, many of the legends associated with St Patrick
have been dismissed. This includes ridding
St. Patrick's Day Crafts and Activities
St. Patrick's Day is also celebrated by children in kindergartens and schools.
These crafts projects are for preschool, kindergarten and elementary school children. The crafts use materials found around the house, like egg cartons, cardboard, paper, boxes, string, crayons, paint, glue, etc.
PHOTOS FROM ST. PATRIK FESTIVAL 2006
ST. PATRIK’S DAY
St. Patrick's Day is a very special day around the world, but
nowhere is it more special than in
A truly carnival atmosphere provides the backdrop in
All around the
St Patrick's Day also provides a focal point for celebrations
in many other towns in
Scotland is in north-west Europe and is part of Great Britain, an island country
a mountainous country in the north of the island of Great Britain and shares a land border to the south with England and is bounded by the North Sea on the east and the Atlantic
Ocean on the west. Its capital city is
Its fresh water lochs (lakes) – there are over 600 square miles of them. One of the most famous is Loch Ness where a mysterious monster is said to lurk in the depths of the water.
It is also famous for its clans, kilts,
medieval castles, as well as poetry and songs of Robert Burns.
Theatre lovers from around the world come to
Famous People of
Famous Scots include: Walter Scott, Robert Louis Stevenson, Arthur Conan Doyle, David Hume and the actor Sean Connery.
Famous musicians of
Edinburgh , the capital of
Andrew - Patron Saint of
The Scottish flag is the cross of St. Andrew, also known as the Saltire. It is said to be one of the oldest national flags of any country, dating back at least to the 12th century.
St. Andrew was one of the Twelve
Apostles (disciples of Jesus) and brother of Simon Peter (Saint Peter).HE was a fisherman by trade, who lived in
Galilee (in present-day
Why is St Andrew's symbol a white cross on a blue background?
St. Andrew is believed to have died on a diagonally transversed cross which the Romans sometimes used for executions and which, therefore, came to be called St. Andrew's cross. The blue stands for the sky.
St. Andrew's Day is connected with Advent , which begins on the nearest Sunday to 30 November.
St. Andrew's Day marks the opening of Christmas Markets.
FACTS,CUSTOMS AND TRADITION:
Many Midwinter customs and folk superstitions are also connected to St. Andrew's day.
Around on Nov. 29, the day before St Andrew's Day, it was traditional for girls to pray to St. Andrew for a husband. They would make a wish and look for a sign that they had been heard.
Icon of the Apostle Andrew
Crucifixion of St. Andrew Apostle
Old man with long (in the East often untidy) white hair and beard, holding the Gospel in right hand, sometimes leaning on a saltire cross
Scotland Russia Sicily Greece Romania , Amalfi and Luqa - Malta and Prussia , Army Rangers, mariners, fishermen, fishmongers, rope-makers, singers, performers,
In Christian tradition, Andrew was born at Bethsaida on the Sea of Galilee John 1:44). Since it is a Greek name, Andreas was almost certainly not his given name, but no Hebrew or Aramaic name is recorded for him.
He lived at Capernaum. In the gospels he is referred to as being present on some important occasions as one of the disciples more closely attached to Jesus ; in Acts there is only a bare mention of him. Both he and his brother Peter were fishermen by trade, hence the tradition that Jesus called them to be his disciples by saying that He will make them 'fishers of men
Eusebius quotes Origen as saying Andrew preached in Asia Minor and in Scythia, along the Black Sea as far as the Volga and Kyiv. Hence he became a patron saint of Romania and Russia. According to tradition, he founded the See of Byzantium in 38, installing Stachys as bishop (the only bishopric in that neighbourhood before that time had been established at Heraclea). This Sea would later develop into the Patriarchate of Constantinople, Andrew is its Patron Saint.
He is said to have been martyred by crucifixion at Patras (Patrae) in Achaea, on a cross of the form
called Crux decussata (X-shaped cross) and
commonly known as 'St. Andrew's cross', at his own request,
as he deemed himself unworthy to be crucified on the same type of cross on
which Christ was crucified. Saint Andrew is the patron of Patras. According to tradition his
relics were removed from Patras to Constantinople, and thence to St. Andrews (see below). Local legends say that the
relics were sold to the Romans by the local priests in exchange for the Romans
constructing a water reservoir for the city. The head of the saint, considered
as one of the treasures of St. Peter's Basilica, was given by the Byzantine despot Thomas Palaeologus to Pope Pius II in 1461. In recent years, the relics were
kept in the Vatican City, but were sent back to
Patras by decision of the Pope Paul VI in 1964. The relics, which consist of the
small finger and part of the top of the cranium of Saint Andrew, have since
that time been kept in the
St. Andrew Basilica at Patras, where the saint's relics are kept, said to be erected over the place of his martyrdom
The apocryphal Acts of Andrew mentioned by Eusebius Epiphanius and others, is among a disparate group of Acts of the Apostles that were traditionally attributed to Leucius Charinus. 'These Acts may be the latest of the five leading apostolic romances. They belong to the third century: ca. A.D. 260,' was the opinion of C.R. James, who edited them in 1924. The Acts, as well as a Gospel of St. Andrew, appear among rejected books in the Decretum Gelasianum connected with the name of Pope Gelasius I. The Acts of Andrew was edited and published by Constantin von Tischendorf in the Acta Apostolorum apocrypha (Leipzig, 1821), putting it for the first time into the hands of a critical professional readership. Another version of the Andrew legend is found in the Passio Andreae, published by Max Bonnet (Supplementum II Codicis apocryphi, Paris
About the middle of the tenth century, Andrew became the patron saint of Scotland. Several legends state that the relics of Andrew were brought under supernatural guidance from Constantinople to the place where the modern town of St. Andrews stands (Pictish, Muckross; Gaelic, Cill Rìmhinn).
The Saltire (or
'St. Andrew's Cross') is the national flag of
The oldest surviving
manuscripts are two: one is among the manuscripts collected by Jean-Baptiste Colbert and willed to Louis XIV, now in the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, the other in the Harleian Mss in the British Library, London. They state that the relics of
Andrew were brought by one Regulus to the Pictish king Óengus mac
Fergusa (729–761). The only historical Regulus (Riagail or Rule) — the name is
preserved by the tower of St. Rule — was an Irish monk expelled from Ireland with Saint Columba; his date, however, is c. 573–600. There are good
reasons for supposing that the relics were originally in the collection of Acca, bishop of Hexham, who took them into Pictish
country when he was driven from Hexham (c. 732), and founded a see, not,
according to tradition, in Galloway, but on the site of St. Andrews. The
connection made with Regulus is, therefore, due in all probability to the
desire to date the foundation of the church at
Another legend says that in
the late eighth century, during a joint battle with the English, King Ungus
(either the Óengus mac Fergusa mentioned previously or Óengus II of the
Picts (820–834)) saw a cloud shaped like a saltire, and declared Andrew was watching over them, and if they
won by his grace, then he would be their patron saint. However, there is
evidence Andrew was venerated in
Andrew's connection with
Scotland may have been reinforced following the Synod of Whitby, when the Celtic Church felt that Columba had been
'outranked' by Peter and that Peter's older brother would make a
higher ranking patron. The 1320 Declaration of Arbroath cites
Numerous parish churches in
the Church of Scotland and congregations of other
Christian churches in
A statue of Saint Andrew is an important element in the story of the 1956 Hollywood wartime romance, Miracle In The Rain starring Van Johnson and Jane Wyman. When Ruth, played by Wyman realizes she has lost Art, the statue inside St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York becomes a focus of devotion for her.
The feast of Saint Andrew is observed on November 30 in both the Eastern and Western churches,
and is the national day of
£3 entrance fee (all monies raised will be donated to St Andrew’s Hospice).
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