Romanian people and the
Well, before 2007 (the year that opened the European frontiers for Romania and Bulgaria) most Romanians thought about the European Union as source of solutions to all the problems and crises – social, economical, financial, industrial, cultural, technical, educational, an so on without asking something in change. As a matter of fact, Romanians did not know all about being a member in the European Union. All of them heard about the funds given for the development of regions, weak points. The greatest number of people collected their information about European politics, institutions and supporting funds from Media, especially television.
Researches also detected
that most Romanians know about the main missions of the European Commission
Field studies also shows
that in 2002, 69 % of Romanian people would have voted for
In Romanians’ mind, the actions to which European Union should give major importance are: - fighting against poverty and unemployment;
fighting organized crime;
fighting against terrorism;
fighting against drugs;
Before becoming an EU
The Romanian public thinks that European Union accession will primarily depend on eradicating corruption (48%), raising the living standard (34%) and reducing unemployment (16%).
Romanians are aware that the country’s record in fulfilling European Union accession criteria is mixed.
Two criteria are seen as accomplished by a large majority of all sections of the society. These are press freedom and minority rights.
majorities feel that
Significantly smaller groups of
people (excluding authorities) believe that
Related to the process of European integration, official reports also detected the fact that there are constant concerns and expectations of Romanians. The most important ones were about agriculture, higher taxes and fees and about growing drug addiction. Other Romanian worry was about a possible loss of their national identity and not necessarily related to EU integration, there is a strong fear regarding the growing prices and unemployment as the national main problems.
Most of all Romanians
dreamed to the freedom to travel in
Probably, that lack of
information is caused by the political trend from the election campaigns, when
all the politicians spoken about Europe waiting us to become members,
specialists from government accessing European funds for the benefit of
We can not say that all
the people living in
So, speaking about the differences between the opinions before the integrations comparing them with the opinions after the integration we can say that not all the facts are quite relaxed.
Romanians are still convinced that funds provided by European Union are associated with fraud and corruption. Media and their personal experience shape their impression that corruption is part of the daily life including the field of EU funding. The reports of the European Commission Delegation regarding defrauding haven’t had a great impact on Delegation’s image, but the fraud itself brought a bad image on the funds’ distribution.
Most Romanians think that their Government is responsible of fraud and abuses of European Union’s funds and other problems or scandals shown on Media. This fact is decreasing public trust in Romanian public authorities and further by extending, the European Union.
There were programs especially made for the development of the agricultural field, programs like SAPARD and addressed for rural regions development by offering the chance to bring the utilities to an optimal level in rural areas. Most of the projects on SAPARD were made and applied by local public authorities, especially for building water providing, natural gas networks and reconstructions or enforcement of roads. People dealing with this kind of projects found it very hard to respect all deadlines, to explain all the expenses, to make all the reports regarding the projects. As most Romanian people is living in the country area, the development of the rural region including agriculture, is going to be sustained by a new structural instrument named EAFRD (European Agricultural Funds for Rural Development
The Government also brought his effort to the rehabilitation of the rural area, by passing legal opportunities: - reconstruction or enforcement of bridges, but for cultural monuments, too.
There is one inconvenient for the applicants to the European funds: co financing. In order to get money from EU, public institutions, NGOs or private enterprises, has to sustain financially the activity that is going to develop, between 2 and 50%.
Concerning the environment, we can say that there were made some changes, the enterprises ware forced to invest in their filtering installations, providing a better quality to water, waste energy and other environment sectors. The EU rules prevents the pollution, asks to the enterprises that uses resources to establish better quality to the environment.
Interesting is that
Let’s not forget that Romanians came out of a dictatorial form of government. Before 1989, no one could freely speak about the unions, about foreign connections, about freely pass, being persecuted just by cause of suspicion.
Concerning the labour force market, before the integration Romanians were very tempted to work abroad, even without any legal working contract. They accepted to work cheaper there because the wages in EU countries were bigger than the Romanian ones.
The government tried
till January 2007 to mediate the abroad work through the Office of the
Migration of the Employment. Although the people were unhappy about the
services provided by this governmental service, they used to travel abroad as
tourists and find a job but without a work authorization. Lately, the working
Today, the Romanians are
between the cheapest workers from
Education is one of the domains that have adopted a progressive evolution regarding educational methods, experience exchange between teaching staff and the general level of education has increased. Romanian educational system has known a lot of improved strategies through the European Union Youth Program. Although, the European Union hasn’t imposed the increase of the educational level as it has been done in other European countries where most of the people could hardly read and write.
The quality of life is the main goal pursued by average person. It seams that there are also international groups concerned in social benefit. There are lots of programs addressed to young who were/drug dealer and smugglers, young Roma peoples persecuted on ethnicity included in programs which helps them go to school and learn a job qualification.
There are also AIDS/HIV programs that give a chance to HIV positive people to manage in the Romanian society by including them in educational activities and exchanging and advising in group therapy.
Besides all these facts that concern the Romanian citizens, we have also this problem from the political spot. We have elections campaigns based on the most European candidate/candidates, the ones who can bring the European lifestyle down to Romanian ground.
The politicians, even if
they represent more parties, they try to keep as closer as they can to the idea
of Romanian European state. Right now, there a political trend to relate you
career to an international organization like EU, UN, and NATO. The external
relations of our country become more essential to the European space that we
live in. The biggest part of the external commerce is realized with countries
Speaking about the level of prosperity for Romanian people we can describe that before the EU integration, Romania had known a considerable increase of buyers (citizens bought large consume goods –TVs, DVDs, computers, mobile phones - houses, vehicles) case justified by the larger income of the abroad workers who sent money home to their families.
By observing this trend, the National Bank tried to control the credit market and prevent the credits without solvency, by establishing some rules that brought the diminution of the bank credits. This measure was applied till the 1st January 2007 when the credits have been released of some of the accessing conditions. Regarding insolvency, the Romanian state created the Central Slow-Payer Database and through it, people that weren’t able to pay their credits can’t contract another one.
A strong and well developed service even early before 2007 was the Internet and network service, where Romanians gained their fame. That fact attracted some deeds that are infringing the law, like hacking or pirating software, music, movies. That’s why Romanian authorities took some measures o complete the legislation that provides right protecting.
other chances noticed, comparing the services before
about Romanians’ health, by viewing the reports of World Health Organization we
can find that they are leading in HIV/AIDS, Tuberculoses and sexual transmission
diseases. This problem is kindly monitored by NGOs that provide education in
health. Who talks about Romanians’ alimentation, too, which is low in
vegetables and fruits? Alcohol and tobacco occupy a high rated place in their
daily expenses. Also, by reading the same reports, the conclusions show that
most of Romanians do not spend so much money on personal hygiene products like
tooth paste or detergent. Even if we can’t say that Romanians are dirty, it is
easy to notice that they have bad dentures. Private surgeries have been
developed, but ordinary people can hardly appeal to their services because of
their low incomings that don’t permit this. The public health services are
still really bad because of the material bad conditions of hospitals and clinics,
but because of the bad training of the medical staff, too. In the rural area of
In the last few years, the private sector of enterprises has been developed in the goods production, but in providing services field, too. This has been encouraged by the banks’ policies, by facilities offered by law (low taxes on creating a small enterprise for students, for example), but by pre-addition European funds, too. We can notice that the development of the Romanian private business field is decelerated by the great number of taxes and fees that the entrepreneurs must pay to local and central authorities. Recent studies showed that Romania is on the sixth place between all the countries in the entire world regarding the number of taxes and fees that firms have to pay (over 80 taxes and fees), materialized in about 50% of their own profit. Is this an encouraging business environment for national or international investors? Who knows…Later, we might see the results. There are some lots more of facts (well rated or not so good) but that’s all that I had to say in my project.
In the end of this essay, I can say
that all that these are some of the thoughts of Romanian people and a piece of
the facts that happen in Romania, viewed from inside the country (form personal
opinions, Internet, Media and polls) and form outside the country (taken from
pre addition Euro Barometer of the
European Commission). I have only tried to create an objective image regarding
Gheorghe Socol, Dan Constatin Radulescu - Civilizatia rurala din Romania in perspectiva integrarii in UE, The Center of Economic Information and Documentation, Bucharest, 2006;
Livia Chisagiu - Conditii de locuit : analiza comparativa Romania-UE, The Center of Economic Information and Documentation, Bucharest, 2006;
Agnes Ghibutiu - Liberalizarea comertului cu servicii in UE : implicatii pentru Romania - The Center of Economic Information and Documentation, Bucharest, 2006;
Euro barometer of the European Commission;
The site www.infoeuropa.ro;
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