Did you know?
More than 30% of the European population of
brown bear, wolf and lynx live in
More than 300 species of birds can be found in
There are estimated to be more than 12,000 caves
What is Ecotourism?
Ecotourism is a form of tourism in which the main motivation for the tourist is the observation and appreciation of nature and local tradition in natural areas. Ecotourism respects nature and rural culture, minimises the negative impact of these and contributes to nature conservation and protection. It supports local people, communities and businesses. It also has an educational component that creates awareness about nature and conservation, both for tourist and local communities.
What does the Association of
The association of Ecotourism in
Romania (AER) is committed to developing and promoting REAL ecotourism in
The Danube Delta (Delta Dunarii in Romanian), split between Tulcea County of Romania and Odessa Oblast of Ukraine, is the largest and best preserved of European deltas, with an area of 3446 km², after the Volga Delta. The delta is located around the area where the Danube River flows into the Black Sea.
In 1991, the Romanian part of the Danube Delta became part of the the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. Around 2,733 km² of the delta are strictly protected areas.In 1998, under UNESCO Programme on Man and the Biosphere, the 626,403 hectares of Danube Delta were established as Biosphere Reserve shared by Romania and Ukraine.Historically, in Romania, part of Danube Delta was marked as a reserve back in 1938.In Ukraine, the Danube branch of Black Sea State Reserve was established in 1973. In 1981 it was reorganized into Natural Reserve 'Danube Fluxes', and in 1998 it was extended into Danube Biosphere Reserve.
year, the alluvium
deposited by the Danube
increases the width of the Delta by around 40 meters, making it
extremely dynamic. Near Tulcea,
the Danube is divided in three river branches before it flows into the Sea: Chilia,
Sulina and Sfantu Gheorghe (Saint George), but many
other channels split the Delta into areas with reed, marshes, islands and forests, some of
which are flooded during the spring and autumn. 2,500 years ago Herodotus
said that at that time the
Currently there are two man-made navigation channels across the
Danube Delta. Both of them are in the Romanian part of the delta. In ,
It hosts over 1,200 varieties of plants, 300 species of birds as well as 45 freshwater fish species in its numerous lakes and marshes. This is the place where millions of birds from different places of Earth (European, Asian, African, Mediteraneean) come to rest and eat during the migration seasons. Many others hatch here.
Around 15,000 people live in the Delta, most of them are living off fishing with their traditional wooden kayaks. It includes a community of Lippovans which are descendants of the Old Rite Followers who left Russia in to avoid religious persecutions. The main center of Lippovan community in the Ukrainian part of Danube Delta is Vilkovo.
Starting with the 15th century, the Danube Delta was part of the Ottoman Empire. In , following the Russo-Turkish War the borders of Ottoman and Russian Empires were set by Kilia and Old Stambul Channels of Danube, and in 1829 by Georgievsky Channel. The Treaty of Paris of which ended the Crimean War, Danube Delta together with two districts of Southern Bessarabia was included in the Principality of Moldavia and was established an international commission which made a series of works to help navigation. In 1859, it became part of the United Principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia. In , following the defeat of Ottoman Empire from
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