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PLAN OF IDEAS
I. Population distribution and density in
II. Population change: growth rate, natural increase, migration
III. Population structure
A. Discussion Points
B. Population distribution and density
This section of the lesson could be done as pair work.
Tip: Step1. The teacher could write DENSITY and DISTRIBUTION on the board and ask the students to explain what these words
Step 2. Students read the definition in their books and see if they were right.
Follow up: Teachers may ask students to come up with other new terms they have encountered while reading. (densely populated,
high population density, sparsely populated, low population density
areas with high density are the very
populated areas around big cities like:
a. The example given is Central
Scotland, number 2: is north Wales, number 3: the area around
transport facility.) In
b. Factors influencing the population density in the four countries:
density of this region.
small population. The only parts with major economic activities are those areas in the lowland regions, especially in towns and
(Lately there has been an emigration towards south
Letter on the map
(conurbation) Name of conurbation Cities Population (thousands) 2000 A Clydeside B Tyneside C D Greater E Merseyside F G Greater 7
Letter on the map (conurbation)
Name of conurbation
Population (thousands) 2000
C. Population Change (page 25)
This task could be individual or pair work. Instruct students to look at the terms in the frame before attempting to fill in the blanks.
In general, population increases when the birth rate (the number of live births per 1000 people per year) is greater than the death rate (the numbers of deaths per 1000 people per year). Therefore, we say the natural increase (the difference between these demographic indicators) is positive. In Britain, this difference is so small that the population is changing very slowly or is stagnant. It means there is a slow population growth.
There are two more factors that affect the change of population. Life expectancy (expected lifespan in years for a person) and urban population (the percentage of the total population living in cities). In Britain both are quite high, especially the urban population (92%) which shows a correct correlation between several factors.
Migration is another very important factor, which contributes through its double route: emigration (moving out of an area) and immigration (moving into a new area) to the population change.
6. Read the reasons for internal migration within the UK and divide them into push and pull factors. Discuss your choice.
Note: Perhaps it is better to talk first about the push and pull factors influencing the rural-urban migration, a phenomenon students may be familiar with from their own region. Try to elicit answers from students.
Most recently there has been a reverse migration, from urban to rural. These are mainly wealthy people who own good cars to commute from the village to the city.
The population pyramid presents the: dependency ratio = the percentage of people who depend on the working age group (children between 0-14 and old people over 65). These people are called dependants.
NB nearly half the British population now go to college or university and therefore remain dependents until they are in their twenties. Many people retire at 60 or even earlier and are therefore no longer economically active after 60.
The population pyramid in Fig. 5.4. shows:
a narrow base (suggesting a low birth rate)
straighter shape - balance between male and female population (approximately the same percentage
slightly higher percentage of middle-aged than young
old people well-represented especially old women
PRACTICE AND CONSOLIDATION (page 26)
The definition for the terms is to be found in the lesson (pages 24-25)
2. a. A - south-west Wales;
B – Scotland:
C – west of England
b. the factors are the same as in 2.b. from section B. Population distribution and density (see Teachers’ notes previous page)
c. internal migration from London to Wales: push factors: noise, stress, pollution, high costs
pull factors: cheap housing, peace and quiet…
from Scotland or Cumbria to London push factors – steep and rugged relief, harsh climate, rural regions with little economic
potential, no support for young people
pull factors - more job opportunities in big cities, milder climate
3. a. The dependent population are the age groups between 0 – 14 and over 65.
b. Optional. In order to make a pyramid you need a sheet of paper with a system of mill metric grid (hartie milimetrica).
The definition of the term conurbation is given in the Student’s Book on page 24 (after Fig. 5.2.) Examples of conurbations are given in fig.5.3.
The density of population is high inside these conurbations because people want to live close to their working place. They don’t want to spend too much time commuting. Since these cities are large, a lot of people are employed in the different branches of economy.
This task can be given as homework. Since students will have different choices the answers will vary.
The solution to the cross-word puzzle:
1. ETHNIC GROUP
2. GROWTH RATE
4. POPULATION PYRAMID
5. SPARSELY POPULATED
9. BIRTH RATE
11. URBAN POPULATION
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