TERMENI importanti pentru acest document
A. Forma adjectivele limbii engleze sunt invariabile. Ele nu au gen sau numar.
My mother used a yellow towel.
Her mother bought a basket of yellow lemons.
NOTA: Adjectivele demonstrative sunt SINGURA exceptie, avand numar.
This shirt has been ironed. That blouse looks dirty.
These flowers are beautiful. Those bushes need cutting.
B. Topica cand doua sau mai multe adjective sunt folosite impreuna:
Heres my gorgeous new hat!
Ann is an active young lady.
DIMENSIUNE VARSTA FORMA CULOARE ORIGINE MATERIAL SCOP
a small oval plate
an antique French table
a black metal walking stick
C. Adectivele si prepozitiile adjectivele sunt adesea urmate de prepozitii:
Our neighbours son is interested in astronomy.
We were completely satisfied with the results.
Some people are anxious about air travel.
Andy was polite to the man.
Iata o lista de adjective cu prepozitiile corespunzatoare:
at to about of for with
bad married sad stupid bad delighted
expert cruel sincere nice responsible disgusted
good kind sorry generous useful pleased
slow loyal sure kind satisfied
quick faithful thrilled generous
shocked sensitive worried
surprised rude curious
amused useful enthusiastic
D. Comparatia adjectivelor.
the most boring
the most intelligent
the most excited
NOTA: Adjectivele de o silaba terminate intr-o consoana, dubleaza consoana:
fat, fatter, the fattest
Adjectivele terminate in consoana +y, transforma pe y in i:
pretty, prettier, the prettiest
Your eyesight is as good as mine.
Peter isnt as / so short as his brother.
That watch is more expensive than mine.
Your mother seems more nervous than your father.
NOTA: Comparatiile pot fi facute atat cu more cat si cu less.
The baby is growing bigger and bigger.
She seems less and less enthusiastic about it.
Im feeling more and more irritated by Eric.
D. Tipuri de adjective.
The old men were sitting in the sun.
Above my head was only the blue sky.
Participiile trezente (formele in ING) si participiile trecute (formele in -ed) sunt folosite ca adjective calitative. Participiile prezente au sens activ, iar participiile trecute au sens pasiv.
Participiu prezent Participiu trecut
The student grew bored during the lecture.
Spielbergs new film is frightening.
I took off my coat.
We drove our car.
The photograph has lost its original colours.
cu parti ale corpului si haine:
The children washed their hands before dinner.
Jim put on his new cowboy boots.
cu own, pentru a intari idea de posesie:
She cleaned her own room.
It isnt his own work. Jeffrey helped him do it.
What book are you reading? (ar putea fi orice carte)
which se foloseste pentru persoane sau lucruri in cazul unei alegeri limitate:
Which book do you prefer? (dintre cele pe care le-ai citit)
Which boys are you tutoring? (dintre cei care au nevoie de indrumare)
whose se foloseste pentru persoane si exprima posesia:
Whose car have they borrowed?
many magazines, few inhabitants
much money, little happiness
much si many se pot combina cu how:
How much money do you need?
How many birds live in that nest?
no se foloseste in propozitii afirmative pentru a exprima negatia:
My husband speaks no Spanish. (= Sotul meu nu vorbeste spaniola deloc.)
No drinks were offered during the flight. (= Nu au oferit nici o bautura in timpul zborului.)
this book these books
that tree those trees
This skirt is big, that skirt is the right size.
These photographs are blurred, those photographs are well-focused.
this, these se refera la persoane si lucruri din apropierea vorbitorului. That, those se refera la persoane si lucruri aflate mai departe de vorbitor:
This chair is rather uncomfortable.
These cookies are delicious.
That airplane is flying too low.
Those clouds look fluffy.
Each flower had a different colour.
every poate insemna considerati impreuna sau considerati separat. Urmeaza un substantiv la singular:
Every girl had a red hair ribbon. (= Fiecare fata avea o panglica rosie in par.)
Every circle is round. (= Toate cercurile sunt rotunde.)
either inseamna oricare din cel / cele doi / doua:
Either dress is suitable for the party.
neither inseamna nici unul / una din cei / cele doi / doua. Verbul trebuie sa fie la afirmativ:
Neither dress is suitable for the party.
NOTA: Either or implica o alegere:
You can have either eggs or bacon for breakfast.
Neither nor subliniaza cele doua negatii:
Neither women nor children were admitted.
1. Alegeti cuvantul corect pentru fiecare spatiu. Retineti ca prepozitiile sunt importante pentru a alege corect.
useful expert dependent married sorry
polite stupid responsible satisfied interested
Jack Hardy is at cooking Italian pasta.
Cindy has been to Thomas for five years.
Ellen is about the accident she caused.
I feel for my younger sister.
Its really very of him to insult his boss.
The president sounded very with Freds report.
His son is in zoology.
Please try to be to your grandmother.
He is on his secretarys good memory.
That old servant would certainly be for cleaning the floor.
2. Completati propozitiile folosind forma corecta de comparativ sau superlativ a adjectivelor dintre paranteze. Adaugati as, than sau the unde este necesar.
MY FUTURE CAREER
1. In order to choose the best career, you must first get to know yourself better. You do that by gathering specific information about yourself this is called self-assessment. A self assessment should include a look at the following: values, interests, personality, and skills.
a. Values: the things that are important to you, such as: a high position, spare time, autonomy etc.
b. Interests: what you enjoy doing, such as: listening to music, taking pictures, hanging out with friends etc.
c. Personality: how are you, as a person, such as: communicative, shy, adventurous etc.
d. Skills: the activities you are good at, such as: writing, computers, cooking etc.
Dont forget to ask yourself some key questions about your future career:
2. Take this self-assessment quiz to find out more about yourself and on what should your future career focus on. Select one of the two answers to each question. Then read the results to find out your profile.
1. Are you more likely to:
a. think before you act?
b. act before you think?
2. Would you rather be:
a. deeply involved in one or two important projects?
b. superficially involved in lots of projects?
3. Are you:
a. more practical than imaginative?
b. more imaginative than practical?
4. Do you tend to:
a. listen more and talk less?
c. talk a lot and listen less?
5. Do you prefer to:
a. use what you know?
b. learn new things?
6. When working on a project would you rather:
a. think things through in your head and then share your ideas with others?
b. think out loud and brainstorm with a group?
7. When making decisions, do you:
a. analyse everything and weigh up the evidence?
b. base them on what you feel is right?
8. At work, do you:
a. avoid being at the centre of the action?
b. enjoy being at the centre of the action?
9. Are you generally:
a. punctual - always on time?
b. late - always running a few minutes behind?
10. Are you a:
11. When making decisions, do you prefer to:
a. analyse things first and then decide?
b. do what feels right at the moment?
12. When you are asked a question, do you:
a. hesitate, think things through and then answer?
b. respond quickly and improvise?
13. Do you find yourself more:
a. meticulous and slow paced?
b. spontaneous and fast moving?
14. Do you focus on:
15. Do you enjoy working:
b. with others?
If you have a majority of A, then:
You are an analytical person who likes exact things. You are more suited for a desk job where people dont disturb you and you have time to think and solve your problems.
You dont like to make decisions on the spot and that is why you dont react well to pressure. That is why you are more comfortable working on a computer than with people. But if complex situation needs a lot of attention and calculated thinking youre the person to save the day!
If you have a majority of B, then:
You are a communicative person who likes to try new things. You are more suited for an outdoor job or one that involved a lot of dynamic activity, where you can meet and interact with people.
You dont like to stay in an office and only work with a computer screen and that is why you tend to jump into all new ideas that could bring something exciting into your life. You love to be in the centre of attention. But if a new situation needs creative and out-of-the-box thinking youre the person to save the day!
3. Maybe this will be your job someday. Follow the hints from Across and Down to complete the crossword.
2.keeps us safe.
6.writes the news.
9.makes expensive clothes.
12.handles money in a firm.
13.sails the sea.
16.prepares meals in restaurant.
1.cuts and styles hair.
7.looks after your teeth.
8.looks after your health.
10.cleans the building.
14.looks after the sick.
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