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TIMPURILE VERBELOR LIMBII ENGLEZE

Gramatica

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Past Perfect Tenses

TIMPURILE VERBELOR LIMBII ENGLEZE

Timpul




Forma

Cum se formeaza

Mentiuni

The present tense

simple

Aff.

Neg.

Int.

S + vb(prima forma)

S + don’t/doesn’t + vb(prima forma)

Do/Does + s + vb (prima forma

Ex:I always go to school every day.

The present tense

continous

Aff.

Neg.

Int.

S + to be + vb-ing

S + to be (negativ) + vb-ing

To be + s + vb-ing

Ex:I am going to the school now.

The future tense

simple

Aff.

Neg.

Int.

S + shall/will + vb(short inf)

S + shan’t/won’t + vb(sh.inf)

Shall/Will + S    + vb(sh.inf.)

Tomorrow the day after tomorrow

next year , next month.

Ex: I will go to my parents next month.

The future tense

continous

Aff.

Neg.

Int.

S + shall/will + be + vb-ing

S+shan’t/willn’t + be + vb-ing

Shall/will + S + be + vb-ing

Exprima o actiune viitoare in desfasurare intr-un viitor.

Ex: They will be watching T.V. this time in week-end.

The past tense

simple

Aff.

Neg.

Int.

S + vb-ed(VB REGULATE)

S + vb(a doua coloana)

S + didn’t + sh. Int)

Did + S + vb(sh.int)

Exprima o actiune care s-a desfasurat si s-a incheiat intr-un moment trecut precizat (adv.timp):

the day befor yesterday, last year.

Ex: I played football last year.

The past tense

continous

Aff.

Neg.




Int.

S + was/wer + vb-ing

S + wasn’t/weren’t + vb-ing

Was/Were + vb-ing

Exprima o actiune trecuta in desfasurare : ,,this time yesterday’’

Arata doua actiuni in desfasurare simultan.

Ex: While my brother was plaing football , I was listening the radio.

The past perfect

tense simple

Aff.

Neg.

Int.

S + had + vb(a-3-a forma)/ed

S + hadn’t + vb(a-3-a forma)/ed

Had + s + vb(a-3-a forma)

Exprima o actiune care a avut loc si s-a petrecut inaintea unui alt timp trecut.

Ex:I had come home before my mother arrived from office.

The past perfect

tense continous

Aff.

Neg.

Int.

S + had + been + vb-ing

S + hadn’t + been + vb-ing

Had + s + been + vb-ing

Exprima o actiune care s-a desfasurat continuu pe o perioada de timp si s-a incheiat inaintea unui alt timp.

Ex:I had been writing a letter for 20 minutes.

The present perfect tense simple

Aff.

Neg.

Int.

S + have/has + vb(a-3-a forma)

S + haven’t/hasn’t + vb(a-3-a forma /ed

Have/Has + s + vb(a-3-a forma)/ed

1)Exprima o actiune ce a avut loc si s-a incheiat intr-un moment trecut care nu este precizat; rezultatele acestei actiuni se pot vedea in prezent.

2)Exprima o actiune care s-a incheiat recent.

3)Exprima o actiune trecuta care a avut loc intr-un moment trecut ce face parte dintr-o perioada de timp care nu s-a incheiat inca.

4)Se foloseste cu adverbele de frecventa : always , sometime offen .

5)Exprima o actiune care tocmai s-a incheiat : ‚,just’’

6)In propozitiile interogative se foloseste adverbul ,,already”pentru a arata uimirea vorbitorului.

Ex: 1) People have polueted the planet.

2) I have just done my homework.

3)My parents have alwais enjoi to country.

The present perfect tense continous

Aff.

Neg.

Int.

S + have/has + been + vb-ing

S + haven’t/hasn’t + been + vb-ing

Have/Has + s + been + vb-ing

Exprima o actiune care a inceput in trecut si continua in prezent.

Ex:The boys have been plaing football for ten minutes.



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