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TOOLBOXES, LAYERS - PAINT AND DRAWING TOOLS

photoshop

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USER INTERFACE

Menu bar : The menu bar contains menus for performing tasks. The menus are organized by topic. For example, the Layers menu contains commands for working with layers.




Options bar : The options bar provides options for using a tool.

Toolboxes : The toolbox contains tools for creating and editing images.

Palettes : The palettes help you monitor and modify images.

TOOLBOXES

Choose and move pixels

Paint- and drawing tools

Vector tools and text tools.

Tools that change size, view etc. and gives you information about the picture.

Changing for- and background color.

Quick mask: too make a part of the picture transparent.

Different ways to view the working space.

Icon too start IMAGE READY (a small program inside Photoshop)

LAYERS

Layers allow you to work on one element of an image without disturbing the others. Think of layers as sheets of acetate stacked one on top of the other. Where there is no image on a layer, you can see through to the layers below. You can change the composition of an image by changing the order and attributes of layers.

PAINT- AND DRAWING TOOLS

Pencil & Brush

* 

Pencil

Size, Color, Opacity

Brush

Size, Color, Opacity, Flow

Erase tool

*

Erases objects and material added to the canvas

Background erasing tools. Erases selected background pixels to transparency.

Magic erasing tool.

Erases the pixel in the same color as selected.

Retouch

* 

Clone stamp tool.

Use ALT + Mouse click to copy a part of picture

Copying a part off the picture. Photohop will calculate the right light and shadow according to the new place.

Use ALT + mouse click to select a part of a picture

Draw a selection around a part of the picture that you want to copy

Manipulating a picture

History brush tool.

Painting back the original picture

Paint bucket

Adds color to a select part or selected colors of the picture.

Gradient Adds a gradient filter to the picture

Blur tool



Sharpen tool

Smudge tool

Dodge tool. Brightens selected part of the picture

Burn tool. Darkens selected parts of the picture

Sponge tool: softly removes color from the pixel selected.

Polygons/vector

Different polygons tool

Try to hold shift down while drawing

Text tool

Horizontal type tool

Notice: that when adding text to a picture Photoshop will automatically add a new layer to the picture.

Vertical type tool

Horizontal type MASK tool

Vertical type MASK tool

Eyedropper tool

Check the color of the pixel you clicked on.

And selects the color in the Foreground palette.

Color sampler tool.

Checks and marks the color of different points/pixels in the picture.

The information can be viewed in the Info Palette

Measure tool

Measures distances in the picture.

The information can be viewed in the Info Palette

HISTORY PALETTE

The History palette lets you jump to any recent state of the image created during the current working session. Each time you apply a change to an image, the new state of that image is added to the palette.

For example, if you select, paint, and rotate part of an image, each of those states is listed separately in the palette. You can then select any of the states, and the image will revert to how it looked when that change was first applied. You can then work from that state.

FILTERS

To apply a filter to an area of a layer, select that area. To apply a filter to the entire layer, leave the image unselected.

Choose a filter from the submenus in the Filter menu. If a filter name is followed by ellipses (), a dialog box appears.

If a dialog box appears, enter values or select options.

FILE FORMATS

PSD: Photoshop

GIF: 256 colors, good for graphics.

JPG: God for photos. Jpg compresses the picture every time you save.

TIF: The format used by the scanner. To large for the Internet.

Save as/ save for web

Optimize for web: different types of modem

RGB

A large percentage of the visible spectrum can be represented by mixing red, green, and blue (RGB) colored light in various proportions and intensities. Where the colors overlap, they create cyan, magenta, yellow, and white.

Because the RGB colors combine to create white, they are also called additive colors. Adding all colors together creates white. Additive colors are used for lighting, video, and monitors. Your monitor, for example, creates color by emitting light through red, green, and blue phosphors

CMYK

The CMYK model is based on the light-absorbing quality of ink printed on paper

In theory, pure cyan (C), magenta (M), and yellow (Y) pigments should combine to absorb all light and produce black. For this reason these colors are called subtractive colors. Because all printing inks contain some impurities, these three inks actually produce a muddy brown and must be combined with black (K) ink to produce a true black. (K is used instead of B to avoid confusion with blue.) Combining these inks to reproduce color is called four-color process printing.

The subtractive (CMYK) and additive (RGB) colors are complementary colors. Each pair of subtractive colors creates an additive color, and vice versa.

ASSIGNMENTS

Monday

Choose file>new. Give your file a name, make it 400x400 px, choose white background and explore the toolbox.

You can use Photoshop to create new pictures/collages and you can use it to edit existing pictures

Copy the picture paris.jpg into your own directory

Chose file>open and open the paris.jpg from your own directory

Open the portrait of yourself that you uploaded to Fronter

Use the various selecting tools and place yourself in Paris

Every time you move a new object into your picture, Photoshop automatically puts it in a new layer. Name your layers to keep them in order!

Save picture as Photoshop file. In your own directory on the server

Tuesday

Make a picture in 1024X768 px. In the picture create a collage of a theme that interests you.

Eg.

football

country music

deconstructivistic architecture

18th century poetry

Find pictures for the collage on the Internet. The collage must contain various pictures and a title. Save the collage as either a .jpg or a .gif

Picture base

https://creative.gettyimages.com/source/home/homeCreative.asp

www.google.com  ….Images….






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