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Tools Used with Exchange

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Tools Used with Exchange

In addition to Microsoft® Management Console (MMC) snap-ins, Exchange System Manager, and Active Directory Users and Computers, there are a host of tools that you can use to manage and troubleshoot a Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 organization. Some of these tools are installed with Microsoft Windows®, some with Exchange, and others can be found at the Exchange Server 2003 Tools and Update Web site (https://www.microsoft.com/exchange/2003/updates). The following table lists these tools. However, be aware that not all tools are supported.




Warning   
Some tools can cause serious, sometimes irreversible, problems if used incorrectly. Before using tools in your production environment, always familiarize yourself with them on test servers first. Be sure to read the documentation associated with any tool and familiarize yourself with the risks involved.

Table A.1   Exchange Tools

Tool name

Description

Run from

Install from

Active Directory Account Cleanup Wizard
(adclean.exe)

Use to find and merge multiple accounts in Active Directory that refer to the same person.

Start 
All Programs 

Microsoft Exchange 
Deployment 
Active Directory Account Cleanup Wizard

Installed during Exchange setup.

Active Directory Connector Services
(adcadmin.msc)

Use to replicate Exchange 5.5 directory objects to Active Directory.

Start 
All Programs 

Microsoft Exchange 
Active Directory Connector

Exchange CD

<drive>:ADCi386setup.exe

Active Directory Users and Computers
(dsa.msc)

Use this MMC snap-in to manage mail recipients and other Active Directory objects.

Start 
All Programs 

Microsoft Exchange 

Active Directory Users and Computers

Installed during Exchange setup.

Address Rewrite
(Exarcfg.exe)

Use to rewrite return e-mail addresses on outgoing messages routed from non-Exchange mail systems to Exchange and destined outside of the organization.

Command prompt

https://www.microsoft.com/exchange/2003/updates

ADSI Edit
(adsiedit.msc)

Use for low level editing of Active Directory.

<drive>:Program FilesSupport Tools

Windows Server 2003 CD

<drive>:supporttoolssuptools.msi

Application Deployment Wizard
(exapppacker.exe)

Use to package and deploy Exchange store applications on the Exchange store.

Start 
All Programs 

Exchange SDK 

Exchange SDK Development Tools 

Application Deployment Wizard

https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=18614

Application Security Module

Use to access and modify XML content provided by the security descriptor.

<drive>:Program FilesExchange SDKSDKSamplesSecurity

https://msdn.microsoft.com/exchange

Download Exchange 2003 SDK Documentation and Samples

ArchiveSink
(archivesink_setup.vbs)

Use to archive message and log information about messages sent to or received by an Exchange server.

Command prompt

https://www.microsoft.com/exchange/2003/updates

Authoritative Restore
(Authrest.exe)

Use to force a restored directory database to replicate to other servers after restoring from a backup. This tool should only be used when instructed by Microsoft Product Support Services.

Command prompt

Must be installed to exchsrvrbin

https://www.microsoft.com/exchange/2003/updates

Cluster Administrator
(cluadmin.exe)

Use to configure, control, and monitor clusters.

Start 
All Programs 

Administrative Tools 

Cluster Administrator

In Windows Server 2003, installed by default.

In Windows 2000 Server, installed when Cluster Service component is selected during setup.

Disable Certificate Verification
(Certchk.exe)

Not recommended for production environments.

Use in test environments to disable certificate authentication for Microsoft Outlook® Mobile Access.

Install and run on the mobile device.

https://www.microsoft.com/exchange/2003/updates

DNS Resolver (DNSDiag)
Dnsdiag.exe

Use to troubleshoot Domain Name System (DNS) issues. The tool simulates the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) service's internal code-path and prints diagnostic messages that indicate how the DNS resolution is proceeding.

Command prompt

Must be installed to <drive>:windowssystem32inetsrv

https://www.microsoft.com/exchange/2003/updates

Error Code Look-up
(Err.exe)

Use to determine error values from decimal and hexadecimal error codes in Windows products.

Command Prompt

https://www.microsoft.com/exchange/2003/updates

Event Viewer
(eventvwr.msc)

Use this MMC snap-in to view logged events, such as errors and warnings.

Start 
All Programs 

Administrative Tools 

Event Viewer

Installed during Windows setup.

Exchange 2003 Management Pack
(Exchange Management Pack.akm)



Use to monitor the performance, availability, and security of Microsoft Exchange Server 2003, alerting you to events that have a direct impact on server availability, while filtering out events that require no action.

Microsoft Operations Manager

https://www.microsoft.com/exchange/2003/updates

Requires Microsoft Operations Manager. For more information about Microsoft Operations Manager, see https://www.microsoft.com/mom/.

Exchange Explorer
(ExchExplorer.exe)

Use to explore Exchange store folders, items, and their property values. Create property and content class definitions and configure their schema scope.

Start 
All Programs 

Exchange SDK 

Exchange SDK Development Tools 

Exchange Explorer

https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=18614

Exchange Server Database Utilities
(eseutil.exe)

Use to perform offline database procedures, such as defragmentation and integrity checking.

<drive>:Program FilesExchsrvrbin

Installed during Exchange setup.

Exchange Deployment Tools
(exdeploy.chm)

Use this guide to review the recommended steps and tools that help you successfully install Exchange Server 2003.

Run from Exchange CD

Exchange CD

<drive>:supportExDeploy

—or—

https://www.microsoft.com/exchange/2003/updates

Exchange Server Migration Wizard
(mailmig.exe)

Use to migrate user accounts to Exchange 2003.

Start 
All Programs 

Microsoft Exchange 

Migration Wizard

Installed during Exchange setup.

Exchange Store Event Sink Wizard
(mxeswiz.dll)

Use to create a Microsoft Visual Basic® project for a Component Object Model (COM) class of correctly implemented event interfaces, and a module of functions and routines that use event sink support interfaces.

Microsoft Visual Basic

https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=18614

(Use the Add-In Manager in Visual Basic to make the Event Sink Wizard available on the Visual Basic Add-Ins menu.)

Exchange Store TreeView Control
(Extreeview.ocx)

Use to display a hierarchical list of node objects that corresponds to folders in the Exchange store.

<drive>:Program FilesExchange SDKToolsExchExplorer

https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=18614

Run ExchTools.msi after downloading.

Exchange Stress and Performance 2003

Use to test stress and performance.

This tool simulates large numbers of client sessions, by concurrently accessing one or more protocol servers.

Command prompt

2003 version: https://www.microsoft.com/exchange/2003/updates

2000 version: https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=1709

Exchange System Manager
(exchange system manager.msc)

Use this MMC snap-in to provide a graphical view of an Exchange organization where you can perform many administrative tasks.

Start All Programs Microsoft Exchange System Manager

Installed during Exchange setup.

Exchange Workflow Configuration Scripts
(wfsetup.vbs; addwfrole.vbs)

Use wfsetup.vbs to configure the server for correct workflow functionality.

Use addwfrole.vbs to add users to workflow event sink security roles.

Command prompt

https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=18614

GUIDGen
(GUIDGEN.EXE)

Use to generate globally unique identifiers (GUIDs).

Command prompt

https://www.microsoft.com/exchange/2003/updates

Information Store Integrity Checker
(isinteg.exe)

Use to find and eliminate errors in the public and private information store databases. Intended for disaster recovery situations and not for routine maintenance.

Command prompt

Exchange CD

<drive>:setupi386exchangebin

Information Store Viewer (MDBVU32)
(mdbvu32.exe)

Use to view or set details about a user's message storage files. These files are the private information store, the personal folder file (.pst file), and the offline folder file (.ost file).

Command prompt

https://www.microsoft.com/exchange/2003/updates

Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager
(iis.msc)

Use to configure Outlook Web Access settings.

Start 
All Programs 

Administrative Tools 

Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager

Add/Remove Programs 
Add/Remove Windows Components

Inter-Organization Replication
(exscfg.exe;
exssrv.exe)

Use to replicate public folder information (including free/busy information) between Exchange organizations. Can be used between forests.

Command prompt

https://www.microsoft.com/exchange/2003/updates



Jetstress
(JetStress.exe)

Use for stress testing the Exchange database engine.

Command prompt

https://www.microsoft.com/exchange/2003/updates

LDP
(ldp.exe)

Use to perform Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) searches against Active Directory.

<drive>:Program FilesSupport Tools

Windows Server 2003 CD

<drive>:supporttools

Load Simulator (LoadSim)
(loadsim.exe)

Use as a benchmarking tool to test the response of servers to mail loads.

For setup and installation instructions, see https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=1710

2003 version: https://www.microsoft.com/exchange/2003/updates

2000 version: https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=1710

Mailbox Merge Wizard (ExMerge)
(ExMerge.exe)

Use to extract data from mailboxes on an Exchange server, and then merge that data into mailboxes on another Exchange server.

Command prompt

https://www.microsoft.com/exchange/2003/updates

Managed Exchange TreeView Control
(ExchangeTreeViewControl.dll)

Use in managed Windows applications to display a hierarchical list of nodes that correspond to a mail or public folder hierarchy. Add, delete, and move folders in the Exchange store.

<drive>:Program FilesExchange SDKToolsExchTreeViewControl

https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=18614

To use this tool, you must add a reference to it in a Microsoft Visual Studio® .NET project, and then add it to the toolbox in the project.

Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA)

GUI:
(MBSA.exe)

Command Line: (mbsacli.exe)

Use to scan local or remote systems for common misconfigurations and to check for security best practices.

Command prompt

https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=17809

Importer for Lotus cc:Mail Archives
(ccmarch.exe)

Use to import Lotus cc:Mail archive files to folders in an Exchange 2003 mailbox store or to one or more .pst files.

Command prompt

https://www.microsoft.com/exchange/2003/updates

MTA Check
(Mtacheck.exe)

Use when MTA will not start, due to corruption or suspected corruption in the MTA database.

This tool provides a soft recovery of a corrupted MTA database.

Command prompt

https://www.microsoft.com/exchange/2003/updates

Network Monitor
(netmon.exe)

Use to diagnose issues with server connectivity.

Start 
All Programs Administrative Tools 

Network Monitor

Add/Remove Programs 
Add/Remove Windows Components

Performance Monitor
(perfmon.msc)

Use for establishing a baseline of performance and for troubleshooting performance issues.

Start 
All Programs 

Administrative Tools 

Performance

Installed during Windows setup.

PFMigrate
pfmigrate.wsf)

Use to migrate public folders from Exchange 5.5 to Exchange 2003. Can also be used to move the offline address book, Schedule+ Free/Busy folder, and organization forms.

Command prompt

Exchange CD

<drive>:supportExDeploy

RPC Ping utility
(rpings.exe and rpingc.exe)

Use to confirm the RPC connectivity between the computer running Microsoft Exchange Server and any of the client workstations on the network.

Command prompt

https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=18615

SMTP Internet Protocol Restriction and Accept/Deny List Configuration (ExIpsec.dll)

Use to programmatically set Internet Protocol (IP) restrictions on an SMTP virtual server. Programmatically add IP addresses on the global accept and deny lists for connection filtering.

Running exipsec.exe installs the necessary DLL so that you can access the COM object from the script you create.

https://www.microsoft.com/exchange/2003/updates

Telnet
(telnet.exe)

Use to troubleshoot Exchange mail flow.

Command prompt

Installed during Windows setup.

WinRoute
(winroute.exe)

Use to connect to the link state port (TCP/IP 691) on an Exchange server and extract the link state information for an organization.

Command prompt

https://www.microsoft.com/exchange/2003/updates






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