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Windows Standard Serial Communications - Reference Library

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Windows Standard




Serial Communications

Reference Library

(WSC_REF)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 Introduction Page 3

1.1 General Remarks Page 3

1.2 Documentation Set Page 3

1.3 Declaration Files Page 4

1.4 Language Notes Page 4

2 WSC Functions Page 5

2.1 SioBaud Page 5

2.2 SioBrkSig Page 6

2.3 SioByteToShort Page 7

2.4 SioCTS Page 8

2.5 SioDCD Page 9

2.6 SioDebug Page 10

2.7 SioDone Page 11

2.8 SioDSR Page 12

2.9 SioDTR Page 13

2.10 SioEvent Page 14

2.11 SioEventChar Page 15

2.12 SioEventWait Page 16

2.13 SioFlow Page 17

2.14 SioGetc Page 18

2.15 SioGetReg Page 19

2.16 SioGets Page 20

2.17 SioInfo Page 21

2.18 SioKeyCode Page 22

2.19 SioMessage Page 23

2.20 SioParms Page 24

2.21 SioPutc Page 25

2.22 SioPuts Page 26

2.23 SioRead Page 27

2.24 SioReset Page 28

2.25 SioRI Page 29

2.26 SioRTS Page 30

2.27 SioRxClear Page 31

2.28 SioRxQue Page 32

2.29 SioSetInteger Page 33

2.30 SioShortToByte Page 34

2.31 SioStatus Page 35

2.32 SioTimer Page 36

2.33 SioTxClear Page 37

2.34 SioTxQue Page 38

2.35 SioUnGetc Page 39

2.36 SioWinError Page 40

3 Modem I/O Functions Page 41

3.1 mioBreak Page 41

3.2 mioDriver Page 43

3.3 mioQuiet Page 43

3.4 mioResult Page 44

3.5 mioSendTo Page 45

3.6 mioWaitFor Page 46

4 XYM Functions Page 47

4.1 xyAbort Page 47

4.2 xyAcquire Page 48

4.3 xyDebug Page 49

4.4 xyDriver Page 50

4.5 xyGetFileName Page 51

4.6 xyGetMessage Page 52

4.7 xyGetParameter Page 53

4.8 xyRelease Page 54

4.9 xySetParameter Page 55

4.10 xySetString Page 56

4.11 xyStartRx Page 57

4.12 xyStartTx Page 58

5 Error Codes Page 59

5.1 WSC Error Codes Page 59

5.2 XYM Error Codes Page 59

Introduction

The Windows Standard Serial Communications Library (WSC) is a serial communication component DLL library to access serial ports. WSC uses the standard Windows API (Application Programmer's Interface) to communicate with any device connected to a serial port.

A simple interface allows accessing data from a serial port using RS232 or multi-drop RS422 / RS485 serial ports. Windows Standard Serial Communications Library (WSC) also supports virtual ports such as those created by Bluetooth and USB/serial converters.

The WSC Reference Manual (WSC_REF) contains details on each individual WSC function.

General Remarks

All functions return an integer code. Negative values are always errors. See 'WSC Error Codes' in Section 5.1. Non-negative (>=0) return codes are never errors.

Each function argument is marked as:

(I) : 2-byte integer (Win16), 4-byte integer (Win32).

(S) : 2-byte short integer (Win16 and Win32).

(L) : 4-byte integer (Win16 and Win32).

(P) : 4-byte pointer (Win16 and Win32).

Refer to the declaration files (see Section 1.3 below) for the exact syntax of each WSC function. Also note that the example programs, found in the /APPS directory, show exactly how WSC functions are called.

The latest version of our serial comm software and complete technical documentation can be found online at https://www.marshallsoft.com/serial-communication-library.htm

1.2 Documentation Set

The complete set of documentation consists of four manuals in three formats. This is the third manual (WSC_REF) in the set.

WSC_4x Programmer’s Manual (WSC_4x.DOC, WSC_4x.TXT, WSC_4x.HTM)

WSC User’s Manual (WSC_USR.DOC, WSC_USR.TXT, WSC_USR.HTM)

WSC Reference Manual (WSC_REF.DOC, WSC_REF.TXT, WSC_REF.HTM)

SERIAL User's Manual (SERIAL.DOC, SERIAL.TXT, SERIAL.HTM)

Each manual comes in three formats:

Microsoft Word (files ending in .DOC). The best format for printing manuals.

Hyper Text (files ending in .HTM). Use any web browser to read.

ASCII Text (files ending in .TXT).

The WSC_4x Programmer’s Manual is the language dependent manual and provides information needed to compile your programs as well as the examples in the specified environment. The “x” in WSC_4x Programmer’s Manual specifies the host language such as C for C/C++, VB for Visual Basic, etc.

The WSC User’s Manual (WSC_USR) discusses language independent serial communications programming issues including modem control. It also contains purchase and license information. The WSC Reference Manual (WSC_REF) contains details on each individual WSC function.

The Serial Communications Manual (SERIAL) contains background information on serial port hardware.

1.3 Declaration Files

The exact syntax for calling WSC functions are specific to the host language (C/C++, Delphi, VB, etc.) and are defined for each language in the “WSC declaration files”. Each WSC product comes with the appropriate declaration file for the supported language. For example,

WSC4C C/C++,NET,C# WSC.H

WSC4VB Visual Basic WSC16.BAS and WSC32.BAS

VB.NET WSC32.VB

VBA (EXCEL,ACCESS,etc.) WSC16.BAS and WSC32.BAS

WSC4PB PowerBASIC WSC32.PBI

WSC4D Borland Delphi WSC16.PAS and WSC32.PAS

WSC4CB Fujitsu COBOL WSC32.CBI

WSC4FP Visual FoxPro WSC32.FOX

WSC4DB Visual dBase WSC16.CC and WSC32.CC

WSC4XB Xbase++ WSC32.CH

1.4 Language Notes

All language versions of Windows Standard Serial Communications Library (WSC) include the example program WSCVER. Refer to this program and the declaration file as defined in Section 1.3 above to see how WSC functions are called. The WSCVER program is also the first program that should be compiled and run.

The best way to see how a function is called is to find it used in one of the example programs. All WSC functions are used in one or more examples.

1.4.1 C/C++/C# (and .NET)

None.

1.4.2 Delphi

(1) Functions defined in the Delphi Unit WSCW.PAS begin with 'f' rather than 'Sio'.

(2) Replace '=' with ':=' in the examples.

1.4.3 Visual Basic (and VB.NET)

None.

1.4.4 PowerBASIC

(1) Constants defined for PowerBASIC (WSC32.PBI) begin with the character '%' symbol.

(2) The WSC keycode is defined in KEYCODE.PBI.

1.4.5 Visual FoxPro

All strings passed to WSC functions must be prefixed with the '@' character.

1.4.6 Visual dBase

None.

1.4.7 Xbase++

(1) Functions defined for Xbase++ begin with 'X'.

(2) All strings passed to WSC functions must be prefixed with the '@' character.

2 WSC Functions

2.1 SioBaud :: Sets the baud rate.

SYNTAX

SioBaud(Port, Baud)

Port I) -1 or port selected.

Baud : (I) Baud code or actual baud rate.

REMARKS

The SioBaud function sets the baud rate without resetting the port. It is used to change the baud rate after calling SioReset. SioBaud may be called with either the actual baud rate value or one of the baud rate codes as follows:

[VALUE] [RATE] [NAME]

0 110 Baud110

1 300 Baud300

2 1200 Baud1200

3 2400 Baud2400

4 4800 Baud4800

5 9600 Baud9600

6 19200 Baud19200

7 38400 Baud38400

8 57600 Baud57600

9 115200 Baud115200

Note that the baud rate does NOT have to be one listed above. When SioReset is called, the baud rate is set to 19200 until changed by calling SioBaud. The 19200 default baud rate can be changed by calling SioBaud with Port set to -1 before calling SioReset. Subsequent calls to SioReset will then use the new default baud rate.

EXAMPLE

Code = SioBaud(COM1, 28800)

RETURNS

Return = WSC_IE_BADID (No such port)

Return = WSC_IE_BAUDRATE (Unsupported baud rate)

2.2 SioBrkSig :: Asserts, cancels, or detects BREAK signal.

SYNTAX

SioBrkSig(Port, Cmd)

Port : (I) Port selected.

Cmd : (I) ASSERT, CANCEL, or DETECT.

REMARKS

The SioBrkSig function controls the BREAK bit in the line status register. The legal commands are:

[NAME] : [FUNCTION]

WSC_ASSERT_BREAK : to assert BREAK

WSC_CANCEL_BREAK : to cancel BREAK

WSC_DETECT_BREAK : to detect BREAK

WSC_ASSERT_BREAK, WSC_CANCEL_BREAK, and WSC_DETECT_BREAK are defined in the language declaration file (see Section 1.3).

RETURNS

Return = WSC_IE_NOPEN (Port not opened. Call SioReset first)

Return = WSC_RANGE (Illegal command. Expected 'A', 'C', or 'D')

EXAMPLE

Code = SioBrkSig(Port, WSC_ASSERT_BREAK)

2.3 SioByteToShort :: Converts 8-bit Character Buffer to 16-bit Unicode ASCII

SYNTAX

SioByteToShort(Buffer)

Buffer : (P) character buffer

REMARKS

The SioByteToShort function converts the (null terminated) character buffer 'Buffer' from 8-bit ASCII characters to 16-bit Unicode ASCII characters.

The buffer must be null terminated (last character is a hex 00) and the buffer must be at least twice the size (in bytes) of the character string (since 16-bit characters require twice the space as 8-bit characters).

This function is only necessary when working with 16-bit Unicode ASCII characters.

RETURNS

None.

EXAMPLE (C#)

char[] UnsafeBuffer = new char[128];

// get the registration string

fixed (char* pBuffer = UnsafeBuffer)

Code = SioGetReg(pBuffer, 50);

if(Code>0)

ALSO SEE

SioShortToByte

2.4 SioCTS :: Reads the Clear to Send (CTS) modem status bit.

SYNTAX

SioCTS(Port)

Port : (I) Port selected.

REMARKS

The SioCTS function is used to detect if CTS (Clear To Send) is set (1) or clear (0). Some Windows Win16 COMM drivers cannot read the CTS bit correctly!

The CTS line is used by some error correcting modems to implement hardware flow control. CTS is dropped by the modem to signal the computer not to send data and is raised to signal the computer to continue.

Refer to the SERIAL User's Manual (SERIAL.DOC) for a discussion about flow control.

RETURNS

Return = WSC_IE_NOPEN (Port not opened. Call SioReset first)

Return = WSC_IE_BADID (No such port)

Return = 0 (CTS is clear)

Return > 0 (CTS is set)

EXAMPLE

Code = SioCTS(Port)

ALSO SEE

See SioFlow and SioRead.

2.5 SioDCD :: Reads the Data Carrier Detect (DCD) modem status bit

SYNTAX

SioDCD(Port)

Port : (I) Port selected.

REMARKS

The SioDCD function is used to read the Data Carrier Detect (DCD) modem status bit. Also see SioStatus.

SioDCD is normally used after connecting to check that the carrier has not been dropped.

RETURNS

Return = WSC_IE_NOPEN (Port not opened. Call SioReset first)

Return = WSC_IE_BADID (No such port)

Return = 0 (DCD is clear)

Return > 0 (DCD is set)

EXAMPLE

Code = SioDCD(Port)

ALSO SEE

See SioRead.

2.6 SioDebug :: Sets and/or reads debug data.

SYNTAX

SioDebug(Parm)

Parm : (I) Parameter.

REMARKS

Passing the character 'R' will result in the serial port driver RESETDEV ('reset device') command being called when SioReset is called. The RESETDEV command is not required for the operation of the UART and is not always implemented by some serial devices such as USB-Serial adapters.

Passing the character 'W' will toggle the operation of SioPuts between (1) 'wait for completion' [default] and (2) 'immediate return' modes, as described in Section-2.9 of the WSC User's Manual (WSC_USR.DOC) or https://www.marshallsoft.com/wsc_usr.htm#Section_2.9

RETURNS

See remarks above.

EXAMPLE

C++ Example

Code = SioDebug('W');

BASIC Example

Code = SioDebug(ASC('W'))

ALSO SEE

None.

2.7 SioDone :: Terminates further serial processing.

SYNTAX

SioDone(Port)

Port : (I) Port selected.

REMARKS

The SioDone function terminates further serial port processing, allowing other applications to use the port. SioDone should always be the last function called before exiting an application.

If an application is running from within an integrated development environment (IDE) and the application terminates without SioDone being called first, the IDE itself will prevent the port from being re-opened. Terminating the IDE will free the port.

RETURNS

Return = WSC_IE_NOPEN (Port not opened. Call SioReset first)

Return = WSC_IE_BADID (No such port)

EXAMPLE

Code = SioDone(Port)

ALSO SEE

See SioReset.

2.8 SioDSR :: Reads the Data Set Ready (DSR) modem status bit.

SYNTAX

SioDSR(Port)

Port : (I) Port selected.

REMARKS

The SioDSR function is used to detect if DSR (Data Set Ready) is set (1) or clear (0). Some Windows Win16 COMM drivers cannot read the DSR bit correctly!

Modems normally set DSR as soon as they are powered up.

RETURNS

Return = WSC_IE_NOPEN (Port not opened. Call SioReset first)

Return = WSC_IE_BADID (No such port)

Return = 0 (DSR is clear)

Return > 0 (DSR is set)

EXAMPLE

Code = SioDSR(Port)

ALSO SEE

See SioRead.

2.9 SioDTR :: Set, clear, or read Data Terminal Ready (DTR).

SYNTAX

SioDTR(Port, Cmd)

Port : (I) Port selected.

Cmd : (I) DTR command (see below).

REMARKS

The SioDTR function controls the Data Terminal Ready (DTR) bit in the modem control register. DTR should always be set when communicating with a modem.

[NAME] : [FUNCTION]

WSC_SET_LINE : to set DTR (ON)

WSC_CLEAR_LINE : to clear DTR (OFF)

WSC_READ_LINE : to read DTR

RETURNS

Return = WSC_IE_NOPEN (Port not opened. Call SioReset first)

Return = WSC_IE_BADID (No such port)

Return = WSC_RANGE (Not one of 'S', 'C', or 'R')

Return = 0 (DTR is clear [READ_LINE Command])

Return >0 (DTR is set [READ_LINE Command])

EXAMPLE

Code = SioDTR(Port, WSC_SET_LINE)

ALSO SEE

SioRead.

2.10 SioEvent :: Efficiently waits for serial event.

SYNTAX



SioEvent(Port, Mask)

Port : (I) Port selected.

Mask : (I) Event Mask (see below).

REMARKS

The SioEvent function (WIN32 only) waits (blocks) until the condition specified in 'Mask' is satisfied. SioEvent returns (unblocks) only for events that occur after it is called. Multiple conditions can be OR'ed together. See example below. The event masks are:

[NAME] : [FUNCTION]

EV_RXCHAR : A character was received.

EV_BREAK : A break signal was received.

EV_CTS : The CTS line changed states.

EV_DSR : The DSR line changed states.

EV_ERR : An error was detected.

EV_RLSD : The DCD line has changed states.

EV_RING : The RI line has been set.

EV_TXEMPTY : The TX queue has become empty.

Call the SioEventWait function.if an event timeout is desired.

RETURNS

SioEvent does not return until the specified event occurs. For this reason, it is best used inside of a thread.

Return = WSC_IE_NOPEN (Port not opened. Call SioReset first)

Return = WSC_IE_BADID (No such port)

Return = WSC_IO_ERROR (An event error has occurred)

Return = WSC_IO_COMPLETE (success - event has occurred)

Return = WSC_IO_PENDING (fails - event has not occurred)

WSC_IO_PENDING will be returned by SioEvent if timeout has occurred.

EXAMPLE

C/C++ Example

// wait until CTS or DSR changes states.

Code = SioEvent(Port, EV_CTS|EV_DSR)

BASIC Example

// ' wait until CTS or DSR changes states.

Code = SioEvent(Port, EV_CTS OR EV_DSR)

ALSO SEE

SioEventChar, SioEventWait, and SioMessage.

2.11 SioEventChar :: Efficiently waits for a serial character.

SYNTAX

SioEventChar(Port, EvtChar, Timeout)

Port : (I) Port selected.

EvtChar : (I) Event character.

Timeout : (I) Timeout (milliseconds).

REMARKS

The SioEventChar function (WIN32 only) waits (blocks) until the specified character is seen in the serial input stream or timeout occurs. SioEventChar returns (unblocks) only when the specified character is received after it is called.

RETURNS

Return = WSC_IE_NOPEN (Port not opened. Call SioReset first)

Return = WSC_IE_BADID (No such port)

Return = WSC_IO_ERROR (An event error has occurred)

Return = WSC_IO_COMPLETE (success - event has occurred)

Return = WSC_IO_PENDING   (fails - event has not occurred)

WSC_IO_PENDING will be returned by SioEventChar if timeout has occurred.

EXAMPLE

C/C++ Example

// wait (up to 1 second) until a carriage return is seen.

Code = SioEventChar(Port, 'r', 1000)

BASIC Example

' wait (up to 1 second) until a carriage return is seen.

Code = SioEventChar(Port, Chr(13), 1000)

ALSO SEE

SioEvent and SioEventWait.

2.12 SioEventWait :: Efficiently waits for a serial event.

SYNTAX

SioEventWait(Port, Mask, Timeout)

Port : (I) Port selected.

Mask : (I) Event Mask (see below).

Timeout : (I) Timeout (milliseconds).

REMARKS

The SioEventWait function (WIN32 only) waits (blocks) until the condition specified in 'Mask' is satisfied or the timeout is reached. SioEventWait returns (unblocks) only for events that occur after it is called unless the specified timeout period is reached. Multiple conditions can be OR'ed together. See the example below. The event masks can be found in the description of SioEvent entry above.

RETURNS

Return = WSC_IE_NOPEN (Port not opened. Call SioReset first)

Return = WSC_IE_BADID (No such port)

Return = WSC_IO_ERROR (An event error has occurred)

Return = WSC_IO_COMPLETE (success - event has occurred)

Return = WSC_IO_PENDING (fails - event has not occurred)

WSC_IO_PENDING will be returned by SioEventWait if timeout has occurred.

EXAMPLE

C/C++ Example

// Wait (up to 1.5 seconds) for incoming serial data.

Code = SioEventWait(Port, EV_RXCHAR, 1500)

BASIC Example

' Wait (up to 1.5 seconds) for incoming serial data.

Code = SioEventWait(Port, EV_RXCHAR, 1500)

ALSO SEE

SioEvent and SioEventChar.

2.13 SioFlow :: Sets flow control protocol.

SYNTAX

SioFlow(Port, Cmd)

Port : (I) Port selected.

Cmd : (I) Class of flow control (see below).

REMARKS

The SioFlow function is used to enable or disable hardware flow control. Hardware flow control uses RTS and CTS to control data flow between the modem and the computer. To enable flow control, call SioFlow with 'Cmd' set to:

[NAME] : [FUNCTION]

WSC_HARDWARE_FLOW_CONTROL : Hardware (RTS/CTS) flow control.

WSC_SOFTWARE_FLOW_CONTROL : Software (XON/XOFF) flow control.

WSC_NO_FLOW_CONTROL : No flow control [default].

In order for flow control to work correctly, your serial device must also be configured to work with the same class of flow control (hardware or software). If using hardware flow control, the computer to serial device cable must have RTS and CTS wired straight through. If hardware flow control is enabled, the RTS line should not be modified by calling SioRTS.

RETURNS

Return = WSC_RANGE (Cannot recognize command)

Return > 0 (Flow control enabled)

Return = 0 (Flow control disabled)

EXAMPLE

Code = SioFlow(Port, WSC_HARDWARE_FLOW_CONTROL)

ALSO SEE

SioPutc

2.14 SioGetc :: Reads the next character from the serial line.

SYNTAX

SioGetc(Port)

Port : (I) Port selected.

REMARKS

The SioGetc function reads the next byte from the receive queue of the selected serial port. WSC_NO_DATA (-100) is returned if no byte is available.

RETURNS

Return = WSC_IE_NOPEN (Port not opened. Call SioReset first)

Return = WSC_IE_BADID (No such port)

Return = WSC_NO_DATA (no data available)

Return >= 0 (character read)

EXAMPLE

Code = SioGetc(Port)

ALSO SEE

SioUnGetc and SioGets.

2.15 SioGetReg :: Returns the license registration string.

SYNTAX

SioGetReg(Buffer, BufLen)

Buffer : (P) Buffer for registration string.

BufLen : (I) Length of above buffer.

REMARKS

The SioGetReg function copies the license registration string (a maximum of 50 bytes) to ‘Buffer’.

The registration string identified the purchaser and is embedded in each registered DLL.

RETURNS

Number of bytes copied.

EXAMPLE

Length = SioGetReg (Buffer, 50)

2.16 SioGets :: Reads the next byte buffer from the serial line.

SYNTAX

SioGets(Port, String, Cnt)

Port : (I) Port selected.

String : (P) Pointer to receive buffer.

Cnt : (I) Number of bytes to read.

REMARKS

The SioGets function reads the smaller of the number of bytes wanted (Cnt) and the number of bytes in the receive buffer. A zero is returned if no bytes are read.

Note that even if the data is being sent in one operation by the other side, it may not necessarily arrive all at in a single packet.

RETURNS

Return = WSC_IE_NOPEN (Port not opened. Call SioReset first)

Return = WSC_IE_BADID (No such port)

Return >= 0 (Number of characters actually read)

EXAMPLE

C/C++ Example

char Buffer[128];

Code = SioGets(Port, (LPSTR)Buffer, 128)

BASIC Example

Dim Buffer As String * 128

Code = SioGets(Port, Buffer, 128)

ALSO SEE

SioUnGetc and SioPutc.

2.17 SioInfo :: Returns WSC library version information.

SYNTAX

SioInfo(Cmd)

Cmd : (I) Command (See below)

REMARKS

The SioInfo function returns an integer code corresponding to the Cmd as follows.

[NAME] : [FUNCTION]

WSC_GET_VERSION : Library version number [3 hex digits].

WSC_GET_BUILD : Library build number.

SioInfo(WSC_GET_VERSION) will return the 3 digit version number embedded in WSC16.DLL and in WSC32.DLL. The 3 digit version number is formatted as the rightmost 3 nibbles (4 bits per nibble) of the return value. SioInfo(WSC_GET_BUILD) will return the version build number.

Refer to the WSCVER program for an example.

RETURNS

See remarks above.

Return = -1 (Cannot recognize command)

EXAMPLE

Code = SioInfo(WSC_GET_VERSION)

2.18 SioKeyCode :: Pass keycode to WSC32.DLL

SYNTAX

SioKeyCode(KeyCode)

KeyCode : (L) Keycode value (0 or 8 to 10 digit number)

REMARKS

The SioKeyCode function must be the first WSC call made.

When WSC is registered, you will receive a 'keycode' (an 8 to 10 digit number) that matches the 'keycode' within the registered version of the DLL. For the evaluation (shareware) version, the keycode is 0. See file KEYCODE.

EXAMPLE

All example programs call SioKeyCode

Code = SioKeyCode(WSC_KEY_CODE)

RETURNS

Return >= 0 No error.

Return = WSC_KEYCODE (wrong keycode) 2.19 SioMessage :: Send windows message when event occurs.

SYNTAX

SioMessage(Port, Handle, Message, Mask)

Port : (I) Port selected.

Handle : (S) Window handle (HWND).

Message: (I) Message (Usually WM_USER).

Mask : (L) Event mask (see SioEvent).

REMARKS

The SioMessage function will post the message 'Message' to the window handle 'Handle' when event 'Mask' occurs. SioMessage does not block.

Call SioMessage(Port, 0, 0, 0) in order to cancel a previous event.

Refer to SioEvent for a list of mask values.

RETURNS

See remarks above.

EXAMPLE

Code = SioMessage(Port, hWnd, WM_USER, EV_RXCHAR)

ALSO SEE

SioEvent, SioEventChar, and SioEventWait

2.20 SioParms :: Sets parity, stop bits, and word length.

SYNTAX

SioParms(Port, Parity, StopBits, DataBits)

Port : (I) -1 or port selected.

Parity : (I) Parity code.

StopBits : (I) Stop bits code.

DataBits : (I) Word length code.

REMARKS

The SioParms function sets the parity, stop bits, and word length values.

SioParms can be called either before or after calling SioReset. Call SioParms with Port set to -1 before calling SioReset to make the passed parameters the default. Use the constant values defined in the WSC declaration file (see Section 1.3) to minimize the chance of passing an incorrect parameter value.

[PARITY] [STOPBITS] [DATABITS]

NoParity OneStopBit WordLength7

OddParity One5StopBits WordLength8

EvenParity TwoStopBits --

SpaceParity -- --

MarkParity -- --

RETURNS

Return = WSC_IE_BADID (No such port)

Return = WSC_IE_BYTESIZE (Word length not supported)

Return = WSC_RANGE (Parameter out of range)

EXAMPLE

Code = SioParms(Port, WSC_NoParity, WSC_OneStopBit, WSC_WordLength8)

ALSO SEE

SioReset.

2.21 SioPutc :: Transmit a character over a serial line.

SYNTAX

SioPutc(Port, Ch)

Port : (I) Port selected.

Ch : (I) Character to send.

REMARKS

The SioPutc function copies the character to the transmit queue for subsequent transmission by the UART.

RETURNS

Return = WSC_IE_NOPEN (Port not opened. Call SioReset first)

Return = WSC_IE_BADID (No such port)

Return = 1 (No error)

EXAMPLE

C/C++ Example

Code = SioPutc(Port, 'A')

BASIC Example

Code = SioPutc(Port, ASC('A'))

ALSO SEE

SioGetc and SioFlow.

2.22 SioPuts :: Transmits a byte buffer over a serial line.

SYNTAX

SioPuts(Port, String, Count)

Port : (I) Port selected.

String : (P) Pointer to string of bytes to transmit.

Count : (I) Number of bytes to transmit.

REMARKS

The SioPuts function copies 'Count' bytes from 'String' to the transmit queue for transmission. The 'String' can contain any ASCII or binary values.

The SioPuts function can operate in two ways: 'wait for completion' and 'immediate return', as described in Section-2.9 of the WSC User's Manual (WSC_USR.DOC) or

https://www.marshallsoft.com/wsc_usr.htm#Section_2.9

RETURNS

Return = WSC_IE_NOPEN (Port not opened. Call SioReset first)

Return = WSC_IE_BADID (No such port)

Return >= 0 (The number of bytes accepted for transmission)

EXAMPLE

C/C++ Example

char Buffer[128];

Code = SioPuts(Port, (LPSTR)Buffer, 128)

BASIC Example

Dim Buffer As String * 128

Code = SioPuts(Port, Buffer, 128)

ALSO SEE

SioGetc and SioFlow.

2.23 SioRead :: Reads any UART register.

SYNTAX

SioRead(Port, Reg)

Port : (I) Port selected.

Reg : (I) UART register (0 to 7).

REMARKS

SioRead is ONLY for Win32 applications running under Windows 95 and 98. The SioRead function reads any of the 7 I/O ports directly, by-passing the Windows API. The line status and the modem status registers can be read by (in C/C++):

#define SioLine(Port) SioRead(Port,5)

#define SioModem(Port) SioRead(Port,6)

Note that all modem and/or line status bits can also be read using SioDTR, SioRTS, SioDCD, SioRI, SioDSR, and SioCTS. Refer to the SERIAL User's Manual (SERIAL.DOC or https://www.marshallsoft.com/serial.htm) for a discussion of the UART registers.

RETURNS

Return = WSC_IE_NOPEN (Port not opened. Call SioReset first)

Return = WSC_IE_BADID (No such port)

Return = >0 (Contents of selected UART register)

EXAMPLE

Code = SioRead(Port, 5)



ALSO SEE

SioStatus.

2.24 SioReset :: Initialize a serial port for processing.

SYNTAX

SioReset(Port, RxQueSize, TxQueSize)

Port : (I) Port selected (or -1: see below).

RxQueSize : (I) Receive queue size.

TxQueSize : (I) Transmit queue size.

REMARKS

The SioReset function initializes (opens) the selected serial port. SioReset should be called before making any other calls to WSC except for setting default behavior (port=-1). SioReset uses the parity, stop bits, and word length value previously set if SioParms was called otherwise the default values (19200, no parity, 8 data, 1 stop) are used.

SioReset can be called with Port set to -1 in order to specify the behavior of DTR and RTS at port initialization:

SioReset(-1, DTR_Default, RTS_Default)

DTR will be set at port initialization if DTR_Default is 1, else DTR will be cleared. This is also the case for RTS_Default.

RETURNS

Return = WSC_IE_BADID (No such port)

Return = WSC_IE_OPEN (Already open)

Return = WSC_IE_MEMORY (Cannot allocate memory)

Return = WSC_IE_HARDWARE (Hardware error)

EXAMPLE

Code = SioReset(Port, 1024, 1024)

ALSO SEE

SioBaud, SioParms, and SioDone.

2.25 SioRI :: Reads the Ring Indicator (RI) modem status bit.

SYNTAX

SioRI(Port)

Port : (I) Port selected.

REMARKS

The SioRI function is used to read the Ring Indicator (RI) modem status bit. It is recommended that incoming rings be detected by looking for the text 'RING' in the input stream rather than the RI signal since some modems do not set the RI reliably.

RETURNS

Return = WSC_IE_NOPEN (Port not opened. Call SioReset first)

Return = WSC_IE_BADID (No such port)

Return = 0 (RI is clear)

Return = >0 (RI is set - RING has occurred)

EXAMPLE

Code = SioRI(Port)

ALSO SEE

SioRead.

2.26 SioRTS :: Sets, clears, or reads the Request to Send (RTS).

SYNTAX

SioRTS(Port, Cmd)

Port : (I) Port selected.

Cmd : (I) RTS command (SET, CLEAR, or READ).

REMARKS

The SioRTS function controls the Request to Send (RTS bit in the modem control register).

The RTS line is used by some error correcting modems to implement hardware flow control. RTS is dropped by the computer to signal the modem not to send data and is raised to signal the modem to continue. RTS should be set when communicating with a modem unless flow control is being used.

Refer to the SERIAL User's Manual (SERIAL.DOC or https://www.marshallsoft.com/serial.htm) for a discussion of flow control. Commands (defined in WSC declaration file [Section 1.3]) are:

[NAME] : [FUNCTION]

WSC_SET_LINE : set RTS (ON)

WSC_CLEAR_LINE : clear RTS (OFF)

WSC_READ_LINE : read RTS

RETURNS

Return = WSC_IE_NOPEN (Port not opened. Call SioReset first)

Return = WSC_IE_BADID (No such port)

Return = WSC_RANGE (Command is not one of 'S', 'C', or 'R')

Return = 0 (RTS is clear ['R' command])

Return > 0 (RTS is set ['R' command])

EXAMPLE

Code = SioRTS(Port, WSC_CLEAR_LINE)

ALSO SEE

SioFlow and SioDTR.

2.27 SioRxClear :: Clears the receive buffer.

SYNTAX

SioRxClear(Port)

Port : (I) Port selected.

REMARKS

The SioRxClear function will delete any characters in the receive buffer (not the UART) for the specified port. After execution, the receive buffer will be empty.

RETURNS

Return = WSC_IE_NOPEN (Port not opened. Call SioReset first)

Return = WSC_IE_BADID (No such port)

EXAMPLE

Code = SioRxClear(Port)

ALSO SEE

SioRxQue.

2.28 SioRxQue :: Returns the number of bytes in the receive queue.

SYNTAX

SioRxQue(Port)

Port : (I) Port selected.

REMARKS

The SioRxQue function will return the number of bytes in the receive queue (not the UART) at the time of the call.

RETURNS

Return = WSC_IE_NOPEN (Port not opened. Call SioReset first)

Return = WSC_IE_BADID (No such port)

EXAMPLE

Code = SioRxQue(Port)

ALSO SEE

See SioTxQue

2.29 SioSetInteger :: Sets integer parameter for serial processing.

SYNTAX

SioSetInteger(Port, ParamName, ParamValue)

Port : (I) Port selected.

ParmName : (I) Parameter name (integer code)

ParmValue : (L) Parameter value

REMARKS

The parameter values defined are as follows:

[NAME] : [FUNCTION]

WSC_WAIT_ON_PUTS : Complete I/O before returning ['W']

WSC_SIGNAL : Signal thread blocking on SioEvent ['S']

WSC_OVERLAPPED : Force overlapped I/O ['O']

WSC_WAIT_ON_PUTS is used to direct SioPuts to return immediately (before the I/O is complete) if ParamValue is TRUE (not 0). The default is 0 (FALSE), which means that SioPuts will not return until the I/O is completed.

WSC_SIGNAL is used to signal WSC to release the block created when SioEvent was called.

WSC_OVERLAPPED is used to disable all overlapped I/O (pass ParmValue = 0). By default, WSC32 will use overlapped I/O when running on Win98 (and above) machines, but not on Win95 machines, since Win95 does not support overlapped I/O.

RETURNS

The parameter value is returned if the parameter name is recognized, otherwise -1 is returned.

EXAMPLE

SioSetInteger(Port, WSC_WAIT_ON_PUTS, 1)

SioSetInteger(Port, WSC_SIGNAL, 1)

2.30 SioShortToByte :: Converts 16-bit Unicode ASCII character buffer to 8-bit

SYNTAX

SioShortToByte(Buffer)

Buffer : (P) character buffer

REMARKS

The SioShortToByte function converts the (null terminated) character buffer 'Buffer' from 16-bit Unicode ASCII characters to 8-bit ASCII characters.

The buffer must be null terminated (last character is a hex 00).

This function is only necessary when working with 16-bit Unicode ASCII characters.

RETURNS

None.

EXAMPLE (C#)

NameString = 'MyFile.zip0'

char[] NameBuffer = NameString.ToCharArray();

// convert (null terminated) 16-unicode buffer to 8-bit

fixed (char* pNameBuffer = NameBuffer)

SioShortToByte(pNameBuffer);

ALSO SEE

SioByteToShort

2.31 SioStatus :: Returns the serial port status.

SYNTAX

SioStatus(Port, Mask)

Port : (I) Port selected.

Mask : (I) Error mask.

REMARKS

The SioStatus function returns the serial port error status corresponding to the mask argument.

[MASK NAME] : [FUNCTION]

WSC_RXOVER : The receive queue overflowed.

WSC_OVERRUN : An incoming byte was overwritten.

WSC_PARITY : A parity error was detected (incoming byte)

WSC_FRAME : A framing error was detected (incoming byte)

WSC_BREAK : A break signal was detected.

WSC_TXFULL : The transmit queue is full.

RETURNS

Return = WSC_IE_NOPEN (Port not opened. Call SioReset first)

Return = WSC_IE_BADID (No such port)

EXAMPLE

Code = SioStatus(Port, WSC_FRAME)

ALSO SEE

SioRead.

2.32 SioTimer :: Returns the current time in milliseconds.

SYNTAX

SioTimer()

REMARKS

The SioTimer returns the system time in milliseconds. SioTimer calls the Windows API function GetCurrentTime. This function is provided as a convenience since GetCurrentTime could be called directly from most computer languages.

RETURNS

The system time in milliseconds.

EXAMPLE

TimeNow = SioTimer()

2.33 SioTxClear :: Clears the transmit buffer.

SYNTAX

SioTxClear(Port)

Port : (I) Port selected.

REMARKS

The SioTxClear function will delete any characters in the transmit buffer (not the UART) for the specified port.

Once this function is called, any character in the transmit buffer (put there by SioPutc or SioPuts) will be lost and therefore not transmitted.

RETURNS

Return = WSC_IE_NOPEN (Port not opened. Call SioReset first)

Return = WSC_IE_BADID (No such port)

EXAMPLE

Code = SioTxClear(Port)

ALSO SEE

SioTxQue.

2.34 SioTxQue :: Returns the number of bytes in the transmit queue.

SYNTAX

SioTxQue(Port)

Port : (I) Port selected.

REMARKS

The SioTxQue function will return the number of characters in the transmit queue (not the UART) at the time of the call.

RETURNS

Return = WSC_IE_NOPEN (Port not opened. Call SioReset first)

Return = WSC_IE_BADID (No such port)

EXAMPLE

Code = SioTxQue(Port)

ALSO SEE

SioRxQue.

2.35 SioUnGetc :: 'Ungets' the last character read with SioGetc().

SYNTAX

SioUnGetc(Port, Ch)

Port : (I) Port selected.

Ch : (I) Character to unget.

REMARKS

The SioUnGetc function returns ('pushes') the character back into the serial input buffer. The character pushed will be the next character returned by SioGetc. Only one character can be pushed back. This function works just like the 'ungetc' function in the C language.

RETURNS

Return = WSC_IE_NOPEN (Port not opened. Call SioReset first)

Return = WSC_IE_BADID (No such port)

EXAMPLE

Code = SioUnGetc(Port)

ALSO SEE

SioReset.

2.36 SioWinError :: Return last Win32 error code & message text.

SYNTAX

SioWinError(Buffer, Size)

Buffer : (P) Pointer to messages buffer.

Size : (I) Size of buffer.

REMARKS

The SioWinError is a Win32 ONLY function that returns the last Win32 error code. If 'Buffer' is not NULL, it will also copy the corresponding text message into 'Buffer' of maximum size 'Size'

EXAMPLE

C/C++ Example

char Buffer[128]

Code = SioWinError((LPSTR)Buffer, 128)

BASIC Example

Dim Buffer As String * 128

Code = SioWinError(Buffer, 128)

RETURNS

The Win32 numeric error code.

3 Modem I/O Functions

3.1 mioBreak :: Aborts the Modem I/O state driver.

SYNTAX

mioBreak(Port)

Port : (I) Port selected.

REMARKS

Forces the MIO driver to the IDLE state, abandoning any work in progress (if any). Used to abort mioSendTo, mioQuiet, and mioWaitFor functions.

RETURNS

Return = MIO_IDLE.

EXAMPLE

Code = mioBreak(Port)

3.2 mioDriver :: Modem I/O state driver.

SYNTAX

mioDriver(Port)

Port : (I) Port selected.

REMARKS

Executes the next state of any previously started MIO function such as mioSendTo, mioWaitFor, and mioQuiet. Returns MIO_IDLE (defined in MIO.H) if idle (not running), MIO_RUNNING if running, and anything else that is a character from the modem that can be displayed if wanted.

RETURNS

Return = MIO_IDLE ( if the driver is ready for the next mioSendTo, mioWaitFor, or mioQuiet)

Return = MIO_RUNNING (if the driver is not idle)

Return = <else> (if the driver is not idle, and the returned character was received from the modem)

EXAMPLE

Code = mioDriver(Port)

3.3 mioQuiet :: Waits for Modem I/O state driver.

SYNTAX

mioQuiet(Port, Wait)

Port : (I) Port selected.

Wait : (L) Wait in milliseconds.

REMARKS

The mioQuiet function waits for continuous quiet [no incoming serial data] of 'Wait' milliseconds before returning. Any incoming characters while mioQuiet is running are lost.

RETURNS

Return = TRUE.

EXAMPLE

Code = mioQuiet(Port, 1000)

3.4 mioResult :: Returns result of last mioWaitFor.

SYNTAX

mioResult(Port)

Port : (I) Port selected.

REMARKS

The mioResult function returns the result of the last mioWaitFor function. This function should not be called until the driver returns MIO_IDLE. See the remarks section of the mioWaitFor function for an example.

RETURNS

Return = 0 (False - last WaitFor not matched)

Return = !0 ('0' if first substring matched, '1' if second substring matched, etc.)

EXAMPLE

Code = mioResult(Port)

ALSO SEE

mioWaitFor.

3.5 mioSendTo :: Sends string to modem.

SYNTAX

mioSendTo(Port, Pace, Text)

Port : (I) Port selected.



Pace : (L) The inter-character delay in milliseconds.

String : (P) The string to send.

REMARKS

The mioSendTo function sends the characters in the string 'Text' to serial output. There is a delay of 'Pace' milliseconds between characters. Three characters in 'Text' are interpreted as:

[NAME] : [FUNCTION]

char is '^' : next character is control char (^A for 0x01)

char is '!' : replaced with carriage return.

char is '~' : removed from string (delay 1/2 second).

RETURNS

Return = TRUE.

EXAMPLE

Code = mioSendTo(Port, 100, 'ATDT555~1212!')

3.6 mioWaitFor :: Waits for continuous quiet.

SYNTAX

mioWaitFor(Port, Wait, Text)

Port : (I) Port selected.

Wait : (L) Total time to wait for response (milliseconds).

Text : (P) The expected response string.

REMARKS

The mioWaitFor function waits for characters from serial input that match the string 'Text'. A total of 'Wait' milliseconds are allowed before timing out and returning FALSE (0). The string comparison is NOT case sensitive.

The function mioDriver() must be called until MIO_IDLE is returned. Then mioResult() is called to get the result of the mioWaitFor. Looking at the example below, a value of 0 indicates that neither 'CONNECT', 'BUSY', nor 'NO CARRIER' was received. A non-zero value indicates that one of the three sub-strings was received. A '0' is returned if 'CONNECT' was seen, '1' is returned if 'NO CARRIER' was seen, and '2' is returned if 'BUSY' was seen.

RETURNS

A character as described above.

EXAMPLE

Code = mioWaitFor(Port, 60000, 'CONNECT|NO CARRIER|BUSY')

ALSO SEE

mioResult.

4 XYM Functions

4.1 xyAbort :: Aborts the XYDRIVER state driver.

SYNTAX

xyAbort(Port)

Port : (I) Port selected.

REMARKS

The xyAbort function forces the driver to IDLE, terminating any file transfer that may be in progress.

RETURNS

Return = XY_NO_ERROR (0).

EXAMPLE

Code = xyAbort(Port)

4.2 xyAcquire :: Prepares the state driver for operation.

SYNTAX

xyAcquire(FirstPort, LastPort)

FirstPort : (I) First port selected.

LastPort : (I) Last port selected.

REMARKS

The xyAcquire function initializes the driver for subsequent use. This should be the first driver function called.

RETURNS

Return = =0 (No error [XY_NO_ERROR])

Return = <0 (XYDRIVER error. See 'XYDRIVER Error Codes')

EXAMPLE

Code = xyAcquire(COM1, COM1)

ALSO SEE

xyRelease.

4.3 xyDebug :: Set the driver debug level.

SYNTAX

xyDebug(Level)

Level : (I) Debug level value.

REMARKS

The xyDebug functions sets the driver debug level as follows:

[LEVEL] [FUNCTION]

Level is 0 : Only error messages are generated (default).

Level is 1 : Minimal debug messages are generated.

Level is 2 : Maximal debug messages are generated.

Debug messages are retrieved using the xyGetMessage function.

RETURNS

New debug level [0,1,2]

EXAMPLE

Code = xyDebug(0)

ALSO SEE

xyGetMessage.

4.4 xyDriver :: XMODEM / YMODEM state driver.

SYNTAX

xyDriver(Port)

Port : (I) Port selected.

RETURNS

Return = XY_IDLE : A transfer is not underway.

REMARKS

The xyDriver function drives the state engine. Note that xyDriver never returns an error code.

In order to send or to receive a file, call xyDriver in a loop until it returns XY_IDLE (numerical 0) after first initiating the transfer by calling either xyStartTx or xyStartRx.

xyDriver can be called as often as wanted whether or not a file transfer was initiated.

EXAMPLE

Code = xyDriver(Port)

ALSO SEE

xyStartTx and xyStartRx.

4.5 xyGetFileName :: Get the filename from packet 0

SYNTAX

xyGetFileName(Port, Buffer, Size)

Port : (I) Port selected.

Buffer : (P) Filename buffer.

Size : (I) Size of Filename buffer.

REMARKS

The xyGetFileName function gets the current filename. This function is designed for use on the receive side YMODEM protocol, where the filename is received as part of the first packet (packet #0). See the TERM example program.

RETURNS

Return = TRUE (A message was copied into Buffer)

Return = FALSE (No messages are available)

EXAMPLE

C/C++ Example

char Buffer[40]

Code = xyGetFileName(Port, (LPSTR)Buffer, 40)

BASIC Example

Dim Buffer As String * 40

Code = xyGetFileName(Port, Buffer, 40)

ALSO SEE

xyGetParameter.

4.6 xyGetMessage :: Get next XYDRIVER message.

SYNTAX

xyGetMessage(Port, Buffer, Size)

Port : (I) Port selected.

Buffer : (P) Message buffer.

Size : (I) Size of message buffer.

REMARKS

The xyGetMessage function retrieves the next message from the driver message queue. Refer to the TERM example program for an example of using xyGetMessage.

RETURNS

Return = TRUE (A message was copied into Buffer)

Return = FALSE (No messages are available)

EXAMPLE

C/C++ Example

char Buffer[40]

Code = xyGetMessage (Port, (LPSTR)Buffer, 40)

BASIC Example

Dim Buffer As String * 40

Code = xyGetMessage(Port, Buffer, 40)

ALSO SEE

xyDebug.

4.7 xyGetParameter :: Retrieves driver parameter.

SYNTAX

xyGetParameter(Port, Parm)

Port : (I) Port Selected.

Parm : (I) Parameter to return.

REMARKS

The parameter value corresponding to the following table is returned.

[NAME] : [FUNCTION]

XY_GET_VERSION : Returns XYM version (a.b.c).

XY_GET_BUILD : Returns XYM build number.

XY_GET_ERROR_CODE : Driver error code (see XYM.H)

XY_GET_ERROR_STATE : Error state (if in error).

XY_GET_PACKET : Current packet number.

XY_GET_STATE : Current state (see XYDRIVER.C).

XY_GET_FILE_SIZE : File size.

XY_GET_NBR_NAKS : Get number of packets ACK’ed.

XY_GET_LAST_GET : Last incoming (serial) character.

XY_GET_LAST_PUT : Last outgoing (serial) character.

XY_GET_GET_COUNT : Number of incoming characters (bytes).

XY_GET_PUT_COUNT : Number of outgoing characters (bytes).

XY_GET_DRIVER_COUNT : Number times xyDriver() was called.

XY_GET_SHORT_PACKETS : Get number of short packets (RX side only).

XY_GET_PACKETS_ACKED : Get number of packets ACK'ed.

-1 : Cannot recognize parameter.

The xyGetParameter function can be used to check the state of the driver. For example:

(1) xyGetParameter(Port, XY_GET_STATE) returns XY_IDLE if idle.

(2) xyGetParameter(Port, XY_GET_ERROR_CODE) returns the driver error code if an error has occurred or XY_NO_ERROR (0) otherwise.

RETURNS

See above.

EXAMPLE

Code = xyGetParameter(Port, XY_GET_VERSION)

4.8 xyRelease :: Releases driver port.

SYNTAX

xyRelease()

REMARKS

The xyRelease function releases the ports that were previously acquired with xyAcquire. This function should be called before calling the WSC function SioDone.

RETURNS

Return = 0 (No error [XY_NO_ERROR])

Return = <0 (XYDRIVER error. See 'XYDRIVER Error Codes')

EXAMPLE

Code = xyRelease()

ALSO SEE

xyAcquire.

4.9 xySetParameter :: Sets driver parameter.

SYNTAX

xySetParameter(Port, ParmName, ParmValue)

Port : (I) Port Selected.

ParmName : (I) Parameter Name.

ParmValue : (L) Parameter Value.

REMARKS

The ParmValue corresponding to the following table is set.

[NAME] : [FUNCTION]

ParmName = XY_SET_NAK_RATE : Sets the prompt delay (in seconds).

ParmName = XY_SET_EOF_CHAR : Sets the XMODEM pad character.

ParmName = XY_SET_ONE_SECOND : Sets the # milliseconds second.

The XY_SET_NAK_RATE parameter sets the delay (in seconds) between prompts that the receiver transmits to the sender to start the file transfer. The legal range is 1 to 10 seconds.

The XY_SET_EOF_CHAR parameter sets the pad character used by XMODEM in padding the last packet to 128 bytes. The normal value is control-Z (hex 1A).

The XY_SET_ONE_SECOND parameter (if set to less than 1000) is used to speed up the protocol by reducing waits. To reduce all time delays to half of their default value, use 500.

RETURNS

See above.

EXAMPLE

Code = xySetParameter(Port, XY_SET_EOF_CHAR, 0)

4.10 xySetString :: Set Upload/Download Directory String.

SYNTAX

xySetString(Port, ParamName, ParamString)

Port : (I) Port to use.

ParamName : (I) Parameter name

ParamString : (P) Pointer to parameter string

REMARKS

They location of the local upload/download directory can be specified by passing XY_SET_FILES_DIR as the ParamName and a pointer to the requested directory as ParamString

If the local upload/download directory is not specified, then the current directory is the default location.

RETURNS

Return > 0 (No error)

Return = -1 (ParamName is not recognized)

EXAMPLE

C/C++ Example

Code = xySetString(Port, XY_SET_FILES_DIR, 'C:WINDOWSTEMP');

BASIC Example

Code = xySetString(Port, XY_SET_FILES_DIR, 'C:WINDOWSTEMP')

ALSO SEE

None.

4.11 xyStartRx :: Start XMODEM or YMODEM receive.

SYNTAX

xyStartRx(Port, Filename, NCGchar, Batch)

Port : (I) Port to use.

Filename : (P) File to receive (XMODEM only).

NCGchar : (I) NAK, 'C', or 'G'.

Batch : (I) YMODEM flag (T/F).

REMARKS

The xyStartRx starts the XMODEM or YMODEM file receive. Once started, calls to xyDriver are made to execute the next state (or states). The xyStartTx function returns immediately. The protocols supported and their parameters are as follows:

[Protocol] : [NCGchar] [BatchFlag]

XMODEM : NAK FALSE (Standard XMODEM)

XMODEM/CRC : 'C' FALSE

XMODEM/1K : 'C' FALSE

YMODEM : 'C' TRUE (Standard YMODEM)

RETURNS

Return = TRUE (No error)

Return = FALSE (Not started. Port not active)

EXAMPLE

C/C++ Example

Code = xyStartRx(Port, 'MYFILE.ZIP', 'C', 1)

BASIC Example

Code = xyStartRx(Port, 'MYFILE.ZIP', ASC('C'), 1)

ALSO SEE

xyStartTx and xyDriver.

4.12 xyStartTx :: Start XMODEM or YMODEM transmit.

SYNTAX

xyStartTx(Port, Filename, OneK, Batch)

Port : (I) Port to use.

Filename : (P) File to send.

OneK : (I) Want 1K blocks (T/F).

Batch : (I) YMODEM flag (T/F).

REMARKS

The xyStartTx starts the XMODEM or YMODEM file send. Once started, calls to xyDriver are made to execute the next state (or states). The xyStartTx function returns immediately. The protocols supported and their parameters are as follows:

[Protocol] : [OneKflag] [BatchFlag]

XMODEM : FALSE FALSE Standard XMODEM

XMODEM/CRC : FALSE FALSE

XMODEM/1K : TRUE FALSE

YMODEM : TRUE TRUE Standard YMODEM

RETURNS

Return = TRUE (No error)

Return = FALSE (Not started. Port not active)

EXAMPLE

Code = xyStartTx(Port, 'MYFILE.ZIP', 0, 1)

ALSO SEE

xyStartRx and xyDriver.

5 Error Codes

5.1 WSC Error Codes

[NAME] : [FUNCTION]

WSC_ABORTED : The evaluation version of WSC corrupted.

WSC_BUFFERS : Cannot allocate memory for buffers.

WSC_EXPIRED : Evaluation version expired.

WSC_KEYCODE : Bad key code value.

WSC_NO_DATA : No incoming serial data is available.

WSC_RANGE : A parameter is out of range.

WSC_THREAD : Cannot start thread.

WSC_WIN32ERR : Win32 system error.

WSC_IE_BADID : No such port.

WSC_IE_BAUDRATE : Unsupported byte size.

WSC_IE_BYTESIZE : Unsupported byte size.

WSC_IE_DEFAULT : Error in default parameters

WSC_IE_HARDWARE : COM port hardware not present

WSC_IE_MEMORY : Cannot allocate memory.

WSC_IE_NOPEN : Port not opened. Call SioReset first.

WSC_IE_OPEN : Port already opened.

WSC_IO_ERROR : An event error has occurred.

The WSC_ABORTED error occurs in the evaluation version only if there is a problem displaying the software info screen.

The WSC_WIN32ERR error code is returned only for Win32 system errors. Call SioWinError to retrieve the error message.

5.2 XYDRIVER Error Codes

Error codes are always negative, except for 'no error'. Most of these error conditions rarely occur. Also note that XYDRIVER functions can return WSC errors. An error message is queued when an error occurs which can be retrieved with xyGetMessage.

[NAME] : [FUNCTION]

XY_NO_ERROR : No error.

XY_UNKNOWN_ERROR : Unknown error.

XY_ALREADY_ACTIVE_ERROR : Port already acquired.

XY_CANNOT_OPEN_ERROR : Cannot open specified file.

XY_EMPTY_FILE_ERROR : Specified file is empty.

XY_NO_STARTUP_CHAR_ERROR : Must specify NAK, 'C', or 'G'.

XY_NOT_NCG_ERROR : Expected NAK, 'C', or 'G'.

XY_DISK_READ_ERROR : Error reading disk.

XY_NO_EOT_ACK_ERROR : EOT was not ACK’ed.

XY_INTERNAL_ERROR : Internal error!

XY_CANCELLED_ERROR : Other side canceled.

XY_OUT_OF_SYNC_ERROR : Protocol has lost synchronization.

XY_RETRIES_ERROR : Packet retry limit was exceeded.

XY_BAD_PACKET_NBR_ERROR : Incorrect packet number.

XY_TIMED_OUT_ERROR : Timed out waiting for other side.

XY_NO_SUCH_FILE_ERROR : No such file.

XY_NOT_ACTIVE_ERROR : Port not acquired by xyAcquire.

XY_PORT_RANGE_ERROR : Port number out of range.

The latest versions of WSC are available on our web site at

https://www.marshallsoft.com/serial-communication-library.htm

[END]






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