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ADVERBUL si PRONUMELE

Gramatica

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ADVERBUL si PRONUMELE




Forma adverbelor

Majoritatea: Adjectiv + ly (mai rar si cu substantive: every week weekly)

He is a slow runner. He runs slowly.

Ortografie:

e final nu cade: entirely, extremely (exceptie: true-truly, whole-wholly)

l final lly : beautiful beautifully

y final se transforma in I : happy happily, day daily

ll final lly : full fully

le final ly : simple simply; probable probably;

ic final ically : enthusiastic enthusiastically; automatic automatically (dar public publicly)

adj good adv well : he is a good pupil. He speaks English well.

au forme speciale: only, often, ever

sunt omonime cu alte parti de vorbire, in general adjective : She arrived fast// early// late today.

au doua forme cu sensuri diferite ; forma in –ly are deseori un sens mai abstract, figurat.

She came close and looked at me=aproape

I followed the instructions closely=indeaproape

He dug deep into the ground=adanc, la adancine

He was deeply concerned= profound

Take it easy!= usor, calm, incet

I solved the problem easily= cu usurinta, usor

Play fair=corect , cinstit

He was treated fairly= drept, correct

His paper is fairly good=destul de

Work/study/drink/rain hard=foarte mult,din greu, tare

I could hardly understand her=de-abia, cu greu, cu greutate

He recovered hardly what he had lost before

The plane flew high in the sky=sus

He was highly appreciated= foarte, extrem de

She has just arrived=abia, tocmai

He was justly forgiven=pe drept

She arrived late= tarziu

I haven’t seen him lately=in ultima vreme

She works most=cel mai mult

This village is mostly of wooden houses=in cea mai mare parte, in general

He is pretty late=destul de

She desses prettily=dragut

Come as quick as possible=repede (engleza familiara)

He spoke quickly and confidently= repede in engleza ingrijita

She is here right now=chiar

He judged rightly= corect, bine

Go right on to the end of the street=drept, direct

She is rightly considered intelligent=pe drept, correct

Clasificare:

-adverbe de mod: well, quickly, certainly, really, absolutely, yes, of course, maybe, perhaps.

Adverbe de loc:here, somewhere, forward, left, far

Adverbe de timp: now, today, then, before, soon, lately, weekly, often, usually

Comparatia: Ca si comparatia adjectivelor

# well better the best

badly worse the worst

much more the most

little less the least

far farther the farthest// the furthest

Pronumele

Pronumele personal

Nominativ

Dativ// Acuzativ

I

You

He

She

It

We

You

they

Me



You

Him

Her

It

Us

You

them

He is a student Nominativ

Can you tell me a story? Dativ

I like her. Look at them! Acuzativ

Pronumele reflexiv si pronumele de intarire

I myself

You yourself

He himself

She herself

We ourselves

You yourselves

They themselves

She went into the bathroom and washed herself. pronume reflexiv

I pride myself on my cooking. pronume reflexiv

The scientist himself answered the questins pronume de intarire

Help her yourself! pronume de intarire

Pronumele posesiv si adjectivul posesiv

Pronumele Personal

Pronumele posesiv

Adjectivul posesiv

I

Mine

My

You

Yours

Your

He

His

His

She

Hers

Her

It

Its

We

Ours

Our

You

Yours

Your

they

Theirs

Their

I have a car. This is my car. This car is mine

She has a cat. This is her cat. This cat is hers.

Pronumele interogativ si pronumele relativ

Who is he ?

What kind of man is he?

Which essay is the best?

How much sugar do you want in your coffee?

How many flowers shall I buy?

Where are the dogs?

When is your birthday?

Whose food is this?

By whom was the poem written? Who was the poem written by?

I know people who don’t like this writer.

He is a writer whose works are well known.

The dog that/ which ran across the street is mine

The man that /who is speaking is very old.

Pronumele nehotarat

Compusele lui –body: Somebody, nobody, anybody, everybody.

Compusele lui –thing: something, nothing, anything, everything

+none, some, each, neither, either, all, one; etc






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