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FIFA - tournaments - Laws, Structure of the game - financial irregularities

sports

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I have chosen the FIFA for my because i like football, i like to play and to see on tv or to play on the computer with my friends.I like this sport because its a good team work game and its good for the spirit.When im playing football i forget my every troble and im traying to concentrate to the game.My favorite team is Real-Madrid i like this club and all the players from there, and my favorite football player is Cristiano Ronaldo from Manchester United (England).Cristiano Ronaldo is a young player but with a great skill and with great triks.When i was young i dreamed to be the best football player on the World to have fans to be famous.Association football, is a team sport played between two teams each consisting of eleven players and is the most popular sport in the world. It is a ball game played on a rectangular grass field (or occasionally on an artificial turf) with a goal at each end.



The object of the game is to score by manoeuvring the ball into the opposing goal. The predominant feature of the sport is that players other than the goalkeepers may not use their hands or arms to propel the ball in general play. The winner is the team that has scored more goals at the end of the match.  The sport is known by many names throughout the English-speaking world, although football is the most common. Other names, such as association football and soccer, are often used to distinguish the game from other codes of football, since the word football may refer to several quite different games. Football is played at a professional level all over the world and millions of people regularly go to a football stadium to follow their favourite team, whilst millions more avidly watch the game on television. A very large number of people also play football at an amateur level.

Motto For the Good of the Game Formation May 21, 1904 Type Sports federation Headquarters Zrich, Switzerland Membership 207 national associations President Sepp Blatter

The Fdration Internationale de Football Association (FIFA, French for International Federation of Association Football) is the international governing body of association football. Its headquarters are in Zrich, Switzerland, and its current president is Sepp Blatter. FIFA is responsible for the organization and governance of football's major international tournaments, most notably the FIFA World Cup, held since 1930.

History

The need for a single body to oversee the worldwide game became apparent at the beginning of the 20th century with the increasing popularity of international fixtures. The Football Association had chaired many discussions on setting up an international body, but was perceived as making no progress. It fell to seven other European countries to band together to form this association. FIFA was founded in Paris on May 21, 1904 the French name and acronym persist to this day, even outside French-speaking countries. Its first president was Robert Gurin.

FIFA presided over its first international competition in 1906, but this met with little approval or success. This, in combination with economic factors, led to the swift replacement of Gurin with Daniel Burley Woolfall from England, by now a member association. The next tournament staged, the football competition for the 1908 Olympics in London was more successful, despite the presence of professional footballers, contrary to the founding principles of FIFA.

Membership of FIFA expanded beyond Europe with the application of South Africa in 1909, Argentina and Chile in 1912 and the United States in 1913.

FIFA however floundered during World War I with many players sent off to war and the possibility of travel for international fixtures severely limited. Post-war, following the death of Woolfall, the organisation fell into the hands of Dutchman Carl Hirschmann. It was saved from extinction, but at the cost of the withdrawal of the Home Nations, who cited an unwillingness to participate in international competitions with their recent World War enemies.

The FIFA collection is held by the National Football Museum in England.

Other tournaments

Aside from the World Cup and Olympic competitions, FIFA organises World Championships for players at under-17 level and under-20 level. In addition to this, it has introduced the Confederations Cup, a competition for the champions from each confederation (plus the hosts and World Cup Winners), every four years. Originally organised by and held in Saudi Arabia every two years as the King Fahd Cup, it now serves as a prelude to the World Cup, with the World Cup host staging the tournament as a test of facilities. The current Confederations Cup champions are Brazil who defeated Argentina 4-1 in Germany.

With the development of the women's game, FIFA introduced the Women's World Cup in 1991 and the Women's Under-20 World Championship in 2002 (started as U-19, is now U-20 from 2006). An U-17 women's championship will start in 2008.

FIFA's only major club competition is the FIFA Club World Cup. It was slated as the natural progression of the European/South American Cup (which itself ran under a variety of names) to include clubs from all confederations. The tournament was not warmly received on its debut in 2000 and its 2002 edition was cancelled. Three years later, with a shorter revised format, the tournament returned for its 2005 edition in Japan.

FIFA also presides over World Cups in modified forms of the game including beach football (the FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup) and futsal (the FIFA Futsal World Championship). Football is spelt f o o t b a l l

Laws of the game

The laws of football that govern the game are not solely the responsibility of FIFA; they are maintained by a body called the International Football Association Board (IFAB). FIFA has a 50% representation on its board (four representatives); the other four are provided by the football associations of England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland, in recognition of the unique contribution to the creation and history of the game of the nations now comprising the United Kingdom. For more information go to www.ussoccer.com and click on referee programs.

Structure

Map of the World with the six confederations.

FIFA is an association established under the Laws of Switzerland. Its headquarters are in Zurich.

FIFAs supreme body is the FIFA Congress, an assembly made up of a representative from each affiliated national federation. The Congress assembles in ordinary session now once every year, and extraordinary sessions have been held once a year since 1998 & now as and when requested. Only the Congress can pass changes to FIFAs by-laws.

Congress elects the President of FIFA, its secretary-general and the other members of FIFAs Executive Committee. The President and secretary-general are the main officeholders of FIFA, and are in charge of its daily administration, carried out by the General Secretariat, with its staff of 207 members.

FIFAs Executive Committee, chaired by the President, is the main decision making body of the organization in the intervals of Congress. FIFAs worldwide organizational structure also consists of several other bodies, under authority of the Executive Committee or created by Congress as Standing Committees. Among those bodies are the Finance Committee, the Disciplinary Committee, the Referees Committee, etc.

Aside from its worldwide institutions (presidency, Executive Board, Congress, etc.) FIFA has created confederations which oversee the game in the different continents and regions of the world. National federations, and not the continental Confederations, are members of FIFA. The continental Confederations are provided for in FIFAs by-laws. National federations must claim membership to both FIFA and the confederation in which their nation is geographically resident for their teams to qualify for entry to FIFA's competitions (with a few geographic exceptions listed below):

AFC - Asian Football Confederation in Asia and Australia

CAF - Confdration Africaine de Football in Africa

CONCACAF - Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football in North America and Central America

CONMEBOL - Confederacin Sudamericana de Ftbol in South America

OFC - Oceania Football Confederation in Oceania

UEFA - Union of European Football Associations in Europe.

Nations straddling the traditional boundary between Europe and Asia have generally had their choice of confederation. As a result, a number of transcontinental nations including Russia, Turkey, Armenia and Azerbaijan have chosen to become part of UEFA despite the bulk of their land area being in Asia. Israel, although lying entirely within Asia, joined UEFA in 1994, after decades of isolation by many of its Middle Eastern neighbours. Kazakhstan was the latest nation to make the move from AFC to UEFA, in 2002.

Guyana and Suriname have always been CONCACAF members despite being South American countries.

Australia joined the AFC from the OFC in 2006. No team from the OFC is offered automatic qualification to the World Cup. In recent World Cup qualifying cycles, the winner of their section had to play a play-off against a CONMEBOL side, a hurdle at which Australia have traditionally fallen. Perhaps ironically, Australia successfully qualified for the 2006 FIFA World Cup by winning just such a playoff in a penalty shootout against Uruguay, just a few months after the clearance to move was granted. Starting in the 2010 qualifying cycle, the winner of OFC qualifying will receive a place in the final AFC qualification group.

In total, FIFA recognises 207 national federations and their associated men's national teams as well as 129 women's nationals teams; see the list of national football teams and their respective country codes. The FIFA World Rankings are updated monthly and rank each team based on their performance in international competitions, qualifiers, and friendly matches. There is also a world ranking for women's football, updated four times a year.

Recognitions and awards

FIFA awards, each year, the title of FIFA World Player of the Year to the most prestigious player of the year, as part of its annual awards ceremony which also recognises team and international football achievements.

As part of its centennial celebrations in 2004, FIFA organised a 'Match of the Century' between France and Brazil, the most successful national teams of the last decade. In addition, it commissioned arguably the most famous player ever, Pel, to produce a list of the greatest players of all time. This list, the FIFA 100, included 50 players who were still actively playing at the time of publication (one of whom was female), and 75 retired players (including himself and one woman, but not including deceased players). The list was originally planned to be just 100 players long but Pel is understood to have found it too hard to choose just 100 and so the list actually names 125 players.

Commercial activities

FIFA announced in April 2004 that it is expecting to earn $144 million profit on $1.64 billion in revenue between 2003 and 2006 (the 4 year cycle including the 2006 World Cup).

FIFA has licensed its name and copyrighted content to computer game designer EA Sports to provide a number of football simulation games for the PC and various game consoles. A new installment in this FIFA series of games is introduced each year, and additional versions are released with World Cup branding to coincide with these tournaments. 2005 saw an additional 'urban football' video game franchise, FIFA Street and its sequel FIFA Street 2. In August 2006 EA and FIFA announced that they would be extending their exclusive deal for another four years, covering the 2010/11 season.

Allegations of financial irregularities

In May 2006 British investigative reporter Andrew Jennings' book Foul (Harper Collins) caused controversy within the football world by detailing an alleged international cash-for-contracts scandal following the collapse of FIFA's marketing partner ISL, and revealed how some football officials have been urged to secretly repay the sweeteners they received. The book also exposed the vote-rigging that went on behind closed doors in the fight for Sepp Blatter's continued control of FIFA.

Nearly simultaneous with the release of Foul was a BBC television expose by Jennings and BBC producer Roger Corke for the BBC news programme Panorama. In this hour-long programme screened on June 11, 2006, Jennings and the Panorama team submit that Sepp Blatter is being investigated by Swiss police over his role in a secret deal to repay more than 1m worth of bribes pocketed by football officials.

All testimonies offered in the Panorama expose were done via disguise of voice, person, or both, save one; Mel Brennan, a university professor in the United States, former Head of Special Projects for CONCACAF and a FIFA delegate, became the first high-level football insider to go public with substantial allegations of greed, corruption, nonfeasance and malfeasance by CONCACAF and FIFA leadership. His book, The Apprentice: Tragicomic Times Among the Men Running - and Ruining - World Football is due out in late 2006 or early 2007.

Further reading

  • Paul Darby, Africa, Football and Fifa: Politics, Colonialism and Resistance (Sport in the Global Society), Frank Cass Publishers 2002
  • John Sugden, FIFA and the Contest For World Football, Polity Press 1998
  • Women's Soccer: The Game and the Fifa World Cup, ed. by Jim Trecker Charles Miers, Universe 2000, Revised Edition

FIFA Presidents Robert Gurin - Daniel Burley Woolfall - Jules Rimet - Rodolphe William Seeldrayers
Arthur Drewry - Sir Stanley Rous - Joao Havelange - Joseph S. Blatter

International football

FIFA | World Cup | Confederations Cup | U-20 World Cup | U-17 World Cup | Olympics | Asian Games | All-Africa Games | Pan American Games | Island Games | World Rankings | Player of the Year | Teams | Codes

 Asia: AFC Asian Cup

 Africa: CAF African Cup of Nations

 North America: CONCACAF Gold Cup

 South America: CONMEBOL Copa Amrica

 Oceania: OFC Nations Cup

 Europe: UEFA European Championship

 Non-FIFA: NF-Board VIVA World Cup

International women's football

FIFA | World Cup | Olympics | Algarve Cup | Pan American Games | World Rankings | Player of the Year | FIFA U-20 Women's World Championship | FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup | Teams

 Asia: AFC Women's Championship

 Africa: CAF Women's Championship

 North America: CONCACAF Women's Gold Cup

 South America: CONMEBOL Sudamericano Femenino

 Oceania: OFC Women's Championship

 Europe: UEFA Women's Championship

Cups

World Cup

The FIFA World Cup (often called the Football World Cup, Soccer World Cup or simply the World Cup) is the most important competition in international football, and the world's most representative team sport event. Organised by Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's governing body, the World Cup is contested by the men's national football teams of FIFA member nations. The championship has been awarded every four years since the first tournament in 1930 (except in 1942 and 1946 due to World War II), however, it is more of an ongoing event as the qualifying rounds of the competition take place over the three years preceding the final rounds.



World Cup summaries

Year

Host

Final

Third Place Match

Winner

Score

Runner-up

3rd Place

Score

4th Place

1930

 Uruguay


Uruguay


Argentina


USA


Yugoslavia

n/a

1934

 Italy


Italy


Czechoslovakia


Germany


Austria

1938

 France


Italy


Hungary


Brazil


Sweden

1950

 Brazil


Uruguay


Brazil


Sweden


Spain

1954

 Switzerland


West Germany


Hungary


Austria


Uruguay

1958

 Sweden


Brazil


Sweden


France


West Germany

1962

 Chile


Brazil


Czechoslovakia


Chile


Yugoslavia

1966

 England


England


West Germany


Portugal


Soviet Union

1970

 Mexico


Brazil


Italy


West Germany


Uruguay

1974

 West Germany


West Germany


Netherlands


Poland


Brazil

1978

 Argentina




Argentina


Netherlands


Brazil


Italy

1982

 Spain


Italy


West Germany


Poland


France

1986

 Mexico


Argentina


West Germany


France


Belgium

1990

 Italy


West Germany


Argentina


Italy


England

1994

 United States


Brazil


pen.


Italy


Sweden


Bulgaria

1998

 France


France


Brazil


Croatia


Netherlands

 South Korea
&  Japan


Brazil


Germany


Turkey


South Korea

 Germany


Italy


pen.


France


Germany


Portugal

Most Goals scored by a Team

Goals

Team

Year

27

Hungary

1954

25

West Germany

1954

23

France

1958

22

Brazil

1950

19

Brazil

1970

Fastest goals

Goals

Scorers

15

Ronaldo

14

Gerd Mller

13

Just Fontaine

12

Pel

11

Jrgen Klinsmann, Sndor Kocsis

10

Gabriel Batistuta, Tefilo Cubillas, Miroslav Klose, Grzegorz Lato, Gary Lineker, Helmut Rahn

9

Ademir[28], Roberto Baggio, Eusbio, Jairzinho, Paolo Rossi, Karl-Heinz Rummenigge, Uwe Seeler, Vav, Christian Vieri



8

Lenidas[29], Diego Maradona, Oscar Mguez, Rivaldo, Guillermo Stbile, Rudi Vller

7

Careca, Oldřich Nejedl[30], Johnny Rep, Hans Schfer, Andrzej Szarmach, Lajos Tichy

6

Bebeto, Dennis Bergkamp, Zbigniew Boniek, Helmut Haller, Thierry Henry, Josef Hgi, Mario Kempes, Lothar Matthus, Max Morlock, Erich Probst, Rob Rensenbrink, Rivelino, Oleg Salenko, Gyrgy Srosi, Salvatore Schillaci, Hristo Stoichkov, Davor uker, Gyula Zsengellr

5

Alessandro Altobelli, Kennet Andersson, Estanislao Basora, Franz Beckenbauer, Emilio Butragueo, Pedro Cea, Garrincha, Fernando Hierro, Geoff Hurst, Hans Krankl, Henrik Larsson, Peter McParland, Roger Milla, Fernando Morientes, Johan Neeskens, Silvio Piola, Michel Platini, Ral, Romrio, Juan Alberto Schiaffino, Tom Skuhrav, Marc Wilmots, Zico, Zinedine Zidane

To date, the final of the World Cup has only been contested by European and South American teams. The two continents have won nine titles apiece. Only two teams from outside these two continents have ever reached the semi-finals of the competition: the USA (in 1930) and South Korea (in 2002). African teams have had some success of late but have never reached the semi-finals. Oceania have only been represented in the World Cup three times, and only once did a Oceanian team reached the second round.

Interestingly, all World Cups won by European teams have taken place in Europe. The only non-European team to win in Europe is Brazil in 1958. Only twice had consecutive World Cups been won by teams from the same continent - when Italy and Brazil successfully defended their titles in 1938 and 1962 respectively.

The UEFA Champions League (formerly named but still often called the European Cup) is an annual club football competition organized by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) for the most successful football clubs in Europe. It is one of the most prestigious club trophies in the sport, along with South America's Copa Libertadores.

Records and statistics

By Nation

Nation  

Winners  

Runners Up  

Winning Clubs  

Runners-Up  

Spain

11

9

Real Madrid (9), Barcelona (2)

Real Madrid (3), Barcelona (3), Valencia (2), Atltico Madrid (1)

Italy

10

13

A.C. Milan (6), Juventus (2), Inter Milan FC (2)

Juventus (4), A.C. Milan (4), Inter Milan FC (2), Fiorentina (1), Roma (1), Sampdoria (1)

England

10

3

Liverpool (5), Man United (2), Nottingham Forest (2), Aston Villa (1)

Leeds United (1), Liverpool (1), Arsenal (1)

Germany

6

7

Bayern Munich (4), Borussia Dortmund (1), Hamburg (1)

Bayern Munich (3), Bayer Leverkusen (1), Borussia Mnchengladbach (1), Eintracht Frankfurt (1), Hamburg (1)

Netherlands

6

2

Ajax Amsterdam (4), PSV Eindhoven (1), Feyenoord Rotterdam (1)

Ajax Amsterdam(2)

Portugal

4

5

Benfica (2), FC Porto (2)

Benfica (5)

France

1

5

Marseille (1)

Reims (2), Marseille (1), Monaco (1)[4], St-tienne (1)

Scotland

1

1

Celtic (1)

Celtic (1)

Romania

1

1

Steaua Bucharest (1)

Steaua Bucharest (1)

Serbia

1

1

Red Star Belgrade (1) As Yugoslavia

Partizan Belgrade (1)

Greece

1

-

Panathinaikos (1)

Belgium

1

-

Club Brugge (1)

Sweden

1

-

Malm FF (1)

Clubs

Bayern Munchen

Opened in 2005: the Allianz Arena, one of the world's most modern football stadiums.

Manchester United





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