wrote on completion of the Olympic that the passenger accommodation was
of 'unrivalled extent and magnificence . . .. and the
excellent result defies improvement'.
The Olympic and the Titanic could each carry
3, 295 people: 2,435 passengers, and crew of 860.
Travallers were separated into three
sectors: first, second and third class: 689 first, 674 second and 1, 026
Boat Deck [A]
Upper Deck [F]
Promenade Deck [B]
Middle Deck [G]
Bridge Deck [C]
Shelter Deck [D]
Saloon Deck [E]
Passenger accommodation and public areas
were located on the Promenade, Bridge, Shelter, Saloon, Upper, Middle and
Lower Decks. The other three were reserved for the crew, cargo and
The Boat and Promenade Decks were above the
superstructure of the ship. Their lengths did not run the entire length
of the ship.
The Bridge Deck extended 550 feet, the
complete length of the superstructure. The length was interrupted by the
Forecastle (106 foot long) and the Poop Decks (128 foot long).
During Titanic's design, entirely new
features were added which had never been seen before. A swimming pool,
Turkish Baths, Squash courts and a gym were provided.
FIRST CLASS TRAVEL ON BOARD
class public rooms included a dining saloon, reception room, restaurant, lounge, reading and writing room, smoking
room and the veranda cafes and palm courts.
a gym and squash court. The sisters were the first liners in history to
have them installed.
class also enjoyed several Turkish and electric baths, which although
technically saunas, were decorated in an Arabian style. The portholes
were covered with a carved Cairo
curtain so that when light shone through an Orient look was given to the
The first class
grand staircase was exactly that. It was over 60 feet from the lower
landing to the glass skyline above. It had a seventeenth century William
and Mary style with solid oak carved panelling running all the way
around. At the foot of the stairs was a Cherub light with a very
distinctive wood carving clock behind, which although quite decayed in
the wreck is still visible today.
and Writing Room
This room was really designed for use by
travelling first class women. It was painted in white and furnished very
elegantly. There was a huge bow window that enabled the occupiers to
lookout on to the Promenade Deck. There was a large fire which burned
intensely adding warmth to the room.
2. First Class Lounge
The Lounge was situated on the Promenade
Deck and again elaboratly fitted out. This room was dedicated to reading,
conversation, playing cards and other social interactions of the day.
It was decorated in the French Louis XV
style. The craftsmanship wasexquisite. The walls were covered with
'boiseries' (elaborate woodern carving)which
gave the room a distinct symmetrical appearance.
3. First Class Smoke Room
Towards the back of the Promenade Deck was
situated this very fine room. The walls of the first class Smoking Room
were panelled in mahogany carved in the Georgian style and were inlaid
with mother of pearl.
Above the centerpiece fireplace was a
painting by Norman Wilkinson called the 'Approach to the
Those who required an after dinner drink
could find exactly what they wanted in the well stocked bar.
Others enjoyed walking around the room
looking at the painted glass windows depicting many different ports from
around the world, and other White Star Line ships.
On the portside of the room was a small
Verandah area, which led to the Palm
Court areas (30ft by 25ft) overlooking the
aft Promenade Deck.
Walled trellises with climbing plants gave
the impression that the room was part of a conservatory. Passengers could
sit on wicker chairs to finish their drinks.
4. First Class Reception Area
Behind the Grand Staircase was a spaceous
Reception Room 54 foot long. It was decorated in the Jacobean style and
had a white ceiling and a dark rusty colour carpet.
Before dinner, saloon passengers could
gather to discuss the day's activities aboard the ship. Some would sit on
one of the many floral patterned Grandfather Chairs to be found there.
The Reception Room led directly to the
5. First Class Dining Room
The first class passengers would certainly
dine in style. Their dining room was 114 foot long and spanned the full
width of the ship. Seating 532 passengers at once, it was the largest
dining room ever seen on a ship. The room was decorated in attractive
Jacobean style, and was painted in peanut white.
The decoration had been the result of
painstaking research. The designs were based on Hatton Hall and some very
fine houses in Hatfield,
The furniture (chairs and tables) were oak and designed to add luxury and
comfort at all times. In those days dinner was considered a very
important part of a voyage.
6. A La Carte Restaurant
This restaurant served the finest meals all
of which were not included in the fares of its guests. It added an extra
touch of class.
The room was decorated in Louis XIV style
and had floor to ceiling panelling in French light brown walnut. Specially
mounted ornaments and mouldings gave a regal effect. Candle-style lamps
hung in the centre of the panels. Plain silk curtains covered the large
bay windows that gave a great feeling of spaciousness.
Passengers could sit around the tables in
groups of two to eight people. An orchestra played to them from a raised
platform. Dining would have been quite an experience.
7. First Class Accommodation
Titanic provided 39 private suites: 30 on
the Bridge Deck and 9 on the Shelter Deck. The suites included bedrooms
with private toilet facilities. All had up to five different rooms: 2
bedrooms, 2 wardrobe rooms and a bathroom.
First class accommodation also held 350
cheaper standard cabins with single beds.
The expensive and exclusive staterooms
boasted excellent fittings. Each were decorated
in different periodic styles including Louis XVI, Louis XV, Georgian and
SECOND CLASS TRAVEL ON BOARD
Second class passenger accommodation was to
be found over seven decks. Exits were either by the second class grand
stairway or an electric elevator which ran up and down all seven decks.
1. Smoke Room
After dinner, the gentlemen of the second
class could retreat from the Dining Room to their Smoking Room.
This room was decorated in Louis XVI style
and it had oak panelling with daido rails. Linoleum tiles were specially
designed for the room and were unique to the ship.
After dinner, travelling second class women
would part company from their partners and often sought in the Library.
This was the equivalent of the First Class Reading and Writing Room. The
room was excellently appointed filled with mahogany furniture. A large
book case was situated at the forward end opposite the bulkhead. Large
windows had silk curtains hanging. The rich fabric of the Wilton carpet gave a
snug feel to the room.
3. Second Class Dining Room
The Dining Room was 71 foot long and it
could seat 2394 people at one sitting. The room had oak panels with
pivoted sidelights which provided a great elegance dining room. There was
a piano in the room to entertain diners. All the furniture was mahogany
with crimson upholstery.
4. Second Class Accommodation
Second class accommodation was provided in
either two or four berth rooms. A maximum of 550 passengers could be accommodated.
The rooms were fitted in enamel white with mahogany furniture.
The Staterooms of the second class were very
similar to the standard cabins of the First Class.
However when comparing the size of room,
staterooms and galleys etc. it must be remembered that the Titanic and
Olympic set entirely new standards of transatlantic travel. The second
class or middle class would have been treated in exactly the same way as
the first class passengers would have been on other contemperary shipping
THIRD CLASS TRAVEL ON BOARD
Third class accommodation was much less
luxurious than second class. Even so, third class or 'steerage'
passengers as they were known still enjoyed levels of luxury compared to
most liners of their day.
1. Third Class Smoke and General Room
The General Room was the heart of the
Steerage, third class community. It was the main meeting room. It was
panelled in pine and finished in enamel white with teak furniture.
The Smoke Room was panelled and furnished in
oak with teak furniture and was very comfortable.
It was clear from outset that the White Star
Line had given much consideration for the third class passengers, many of
whom would be crossing the Atlantic to
start new lives away from their home country left behind. The White Star Line
wanted them to enjoy the voyage as a good start to their 'new
2. Dining Room
The Dining Room, situated on the Middle
Deck, was 100 foot long and extended the full width of the ship. It could
seat approximately seat 470 passengers in each of the three sittings. The
pantries and galley were situated behind the Dining Room.
3. Third Class Accommodation
There were over 1000 third class passengers
on the Titanic. Their accommodation was much more modest than the other
two classes. The rooms comprised mainly of two to six berth rooms. There
were only 84 two-berth cabins onboard.
The size of the rooms compared to first and
second class reflected the class attitudes of the age. The first class
Turkish Bath was larger than the third class galley. A thousand
passengers would rely on the galley but only a handful would have used
the Turkish Bath.
The designers wanted to change the attitudes
towards third class travel. The third class cabins were not dormatory
like rooms but individual closed cabins, thus adding privacy to the
passengers, but they would still have shared their experience with
The White Star Line intended that the crew
and passengers should not meet at any time during the voyage.
The engine room staff were housed on the
starboard side at the forward end of the ship on the Lower, Middle, Upper
and Saloon Decks. Two spiral staircases connected their rooms to the
boiler and engine rooms.