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NUMERALUL (THE NUMERAL) - CARDINAL NUMERAL

Gramatica

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NUMERALUL (THE NUMERAL)

Clasificarea (Classification of Numeral):



NUMERALUL CARDINAL (CARDINAL NUMERAL)

1-one 11-eleven

2-two 12-twelve

3-three 13-thirteen

4-four 14-fourteen

5-five 15-fifteen

6-six 16-sixteen

7-seven 17-seventeen

8-eight 18-eighteen

9-nine 19-nineteen

10-ten 20-twenty

30-thirty 21-twenty-one

40-forty 32-thirty-two

50-fifty 43-forty-three

60-sixty 54-fifty-four

70-seventy 65-sixty-five

80-eighty 76-seventy-six

90-ninety 87-eighty-seven

100 (a) one hundred

174 one hundred and seventy-four

800 eight hundred

1,000 (a) one thousand

6,247 six thousand two hundred and forty-seven

1,000,000 (a) one million

Utilizarea numeralului cardinal :

a)       pentru a exprima un numar:

1,457 (a) one thousand four hundred and fifty-seven

b)       pentru a exprima anii:

1457 fourteen fifty-seven

1012 ten twelve

c)       pentru a indica un numar de telefon:

059123356

0 five nine one two double three four five six

d)       pentru a exprima timpul cronologic:

1:00 It's one o'clock



2:10 It's ten past two

11:15 It's quarter past eleven

4:30 It's half past four

6:55 It's five to seven

4:40 It's twenty to five

7:45 It's quarter to eight

Observatie.: In engleza americana se folsesc si after si before in loc de past si to.

9:10 It's ten after nine

7:45 It's quarter before eight

e)       in exprimarea varstei:

I am seventeen (years old).

2.NUMERALUL ORDINAL (ORDINAL NUMERAL)

1st -the first 9th -ninth

2nd -the second 10th -tenth

3rd -the third 11th -eleventh

4th -the fourth 12th -twelfth

5th -the fifth 20th -twentieth

6th -the sixth 30th -thirtieth

7th -the seventh

8th -the eighth

642nd -six hundred and forty-second

Utilizarea numeralului ordinal:

a)       in exprimarea datei:

August 27th, the 27th of August

I was born on the 1st of December 1966.

In engleza americana: December the 1st 1966

b)       pentru a indica ordinea persoanelor, lucrurilor, actiunilor in timp si spatiu

The Second World War

Henry IV (the Forth)

Susan plays only in the third act.





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