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the process by which people exchange information or express their thoughts and feelings
(Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English)
Forms and Components of Human Communication
Humans communicate in order to share knowledge and experiences. Common forms of human communication include sign language, speaking, writing, gestures, and broadcasting. Communication can be interactive, transactive, intentional, or unintentional; it can also be verbal or nonverbal. Communication varies considerably in form and style when considering scale. Internal communication, within oneself, is intrapersonal while communication between two individuals is interpersonal. At larger scales of communication both the system of communication and media of communication change. Small group communication takes place in settings of between three and 12 individuals creating a different set of interactions than large groups such as organisational communication in settings like companies or communities. At the largest scales mass communication describes communication to huge numbers of individuals through mass media. Communication also has a time component, being either synchronous or asynchronous. There are a number of theories of communication that attempt to explain human communication. However, various theories relating to human communication have the same core philosophy. Communication follows a five-step process, which begins with the creation of a message and then sending it to another individual, organisation or a group of people. This message is received and then interpreted. Finally this message is responded to, which completes the process of communication.
What possible barriers to interpersonal communication can you identify?
How can people communicate in international contexts where people speak different languages?
What language is mainly used in international communication? Why?
Read the following short texts referring to communication and answer the questions that follow.
Why are people sometimes reluctant to speak up their minds?
What is the role of listening in a conversation?
How can people develop their communication skills?
According to the author, how can the nature of communication be defined?
What does the author mean by “inner thought” and “outer word”?
How can misunderstanding appear?
In each text some words have been written in bold. Use the dictionary to study the meaning of the words and phrases given below. Try to derive as many words as possible starting from the ones given.
master copy noun
master key noun
master bedroom noun
master class noun
master switch noun
master of ceremonies noun
Master's degree noun
Master of Science noun
Master of Arts noun
Master of Philosophy noun
be your own master
seize on/upon sth phrasal verb
seize up phrasal verb INFORMAL
tangle with sb phrasal verb INFORMAL
In the text under the Lead-in section you can find the word experiences. Is this plural form correct? Could we use the nouns knowledge, information, furniture in the same way?
Revise the plural of nouns, paying special attention to collective and uncountable nouns.
Asking for information – useful expressions
Have you ever heard of Esperanto? Try to answer the questions below.
What is Esperanto?
Who constructed Esperanto?
Where does the name 'Esperanto' come from?
What makes Esperanto superior to other languages?
How many people speak Esperanto?
Are there native speakers of Esperanto?
Is the number of speakers growing (at least as fast as the population)?
Where is Esperanto most widely used?
Is Esperanto associated with a particular culture?
What governments support Esperanto?
Have any governments opposed Esperanto?
What makes Esperanto easier to learn than other languages?
(adapted from https://www.webcom.com © 1998 by Donald J. Harlow
The teacher will give you a handout containing information on Esperanto. The information is grouped under the form of questions and answers. There are some questions that have no answers. Another group has them. You will have to go to other groups and ask politely for the information you need. One of you should not leave their place since you have answers that other groups do not have and you will have to provide answers yourself. When giving information, do not read the answer to the person asking for it. Just scan the text and give them a short answer.
You may wish to use some of the expressions given above.
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