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Photo: Ma Xiaochun
Even if the
Commune didn't sit beside that wonder of the ancient world, the
The Commune is now operated as a boutique hotel by the
According to the
U.S. Embassy to
It's designed to handle 43 million passengers a year initially and 55 million by 2015, figures that will probably push the new facility into the ranks of the top 10 busiest airports, going by the 2004 numbers from the Airports Council International. Given the scale and traffic, Foster & Partners focused on the traveler's experience, making sure that walking distances are short, for instance.
Building on Foster's experience designing Hong Kong's new mega-airport, the massive Chek Lap Kok, the sprawling
Rising in the Lujiazhui financial
district in Pudong, the
One of the biggest challenges of building tall is creating a structure that can withstand high winds. The architects devised an innovation solution to alleviate wind pressure by adding a rectangular cut-out at the building's apex. Not only does the open area help reduce the building's sway but it also will be home to the world's highest outdoor observation deck -- a 100th-floor vista that will take vertigo to new heights.
exterior of the
Excess rainwater will also be collected and stored in subterranean tanks and used to fill the pools. The complex engineering system of curvy steel frames that form the structure of the bubble-like skin are based on research into the structural properties of soap bubbles by two physicists at
The design of the
new Central Chinese Television (CCTV) headquarters defies the popular
conception of a skyscraper -- and it broke
The engineer's solution is to create a structural 'tube' of diagonal supports. The irregular pattern of this 'diagrid' system reflects the distribution of forces across the tube's surface. Designed by Rem Koolhaas and Ole Scheeren and engineered by Ove Arup, the new CCTV tower rethinks what a skyscraper can be.
which will house 2,500 people in 700 apartments covering 1.6 million square
feet, is a model for large-scale sustainable residential architecture. The site
will feature one of the world's largest geothermal cooling and heating systems,
which will stabilize the temperature within the complex of eight buildings, all
linked at the 20th floor by a 'ring' of service establishments, like
cafs and dry cleaners. A set of dual pipes pumps water from 100 meters below
ground, circulating the liquid between the buildings' concrete floors.
The result: The water-circulation system serves as a giant radiator in the winter and cooling system in the summer. It has no boilers to supply heat, no electric air conditioners to supply cool. The apartments also feature gray-water recycling -- a process that's just starting to catch on in Beijing in much smaller buildings -- to filter waste water from kitchen sinks and wash basins back into toilets.
Developed by the
Shanghai Industrial investment Corp.,
By the time the Shanghai Expo trade fair opens in 2010, the city's first phase should be completed, and 50,000 residents will call Dongtan home-sweet-sustainable-home. The goals to be accomplished in the next five years: systems for water purification, waste management, and renewable energy. An infrastructure of roads will connect the former agricultural land with
image Herzog and de Meuron
have long followed the enduring design of one of the original wonders of the
The Swiss architects (of Tate Modern fame) wanted to provide natural ventilation for the 91,000-seat structure -- perhaps the largest 'eco-friendly' sports stadium designed to date. To achieve this, they set out to create a building that could function without a strictly enclosed shell, yet also provide constant shelter for the audience and athletes alike.
To solve these design problems, they looked to nature for inspiration. The stadium's outer grid resembles a bird's nest constructed of delicately placed branches and twigs. Each discrete space within the facility, from restrooms to restaurants, is constructed as an independent unit within the outer lattice -- making it possible to encase the entire complex with an open grid that allows for natural air circulation. The architects also incorporated a layer of translucent membrane to fill any gaps in the lacy exterior.
Photo: Getty Images
A key phase in the
development of the world's largest deep-sea port was completed when
To provide a safer driving route in the typhoons and high waves known to hit the region,
French architect Paul Andreu is no stranger to controversy -- or to innovative forms. A generation ago, in 1974, his untraditional design for Terminal 1 of Paris's Charles de Gaulle airport was criticized for its unusual curves, yet Andreu's groundbreaking, futuristic building later was seen to distinguish de Gaulle from more generic European and international air hubs. (The same airport's Terminal 2E, also designed by Andreu, gained attention in 2004 when it collapsed, tragically killing four people.)
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