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~ An interesting encounter ~

to be + introductions


1.1. Reading & Speaking

1.2. Basic Vocabulary

1.3. Grammar Reference


Introducerea si insusirea urmatoarelor structuri lexicale:

-          principalele formule de salut si de prezentare;

-          informatii personale legate de varsta, ocupatie si loc natal;

-          prezentul verbului "to be" si utilizarea acestuia in context.


In cadrul acestui lectii sunt prezentate cele mai uzuale formule de salut si de prezentare, precum si alte cuvinte si expresii folosite in engleza conversationala curenta; lectia mai cuprinde si formele de prezent ale verbului "to be".


Situation: Paul is an American student from New York. He is in London now. He's staying at Mark's house, his best friend from childhood whom he hasn't seen for several years. It is Thursday and Mark is giving a party for Paul's arrival; he is just starting a conversation with Marissa, Mark's neighbour from across the door.

Paul: Hello! My name is Paul. How do you do?

Marissa: How do you do? I'm Marissa. Pleased to meet you. Tell me Paul, are you here on holiday?

Paul: Well, yes. Mark wrote me a letter two weeks ago and he thought it would be a great idea to spend my summer holiday at his house. So, here I am.

Marissa: How nice! Do you like London?

Paul: I do, actually. You know, this is my first time here.

Marissa: Oh, I see. What do you do?

Paul: I'm twenty-four years old. I am still a student.

Marissa: What are you studying?

Paul: Economics. And you? What are you studying?

Marissa: Medicine. I'm twenty-two years old. Where are you from, Paul?

Paul: I'm from Chicago but I've established myself in New York. How about you, Marissa? Are you from London?

Marissa: No, I'm not. I come from Leeds but I moved here last year and I have to say I love it and.(looking at her watch).Oh, it's so late! I'm afraid I have to go now.

Paul: Leaving so soon?

Marissa: Yes, I have to get up early in the morning.

Paul: Oh, all right then. However, it was a pleasure meeting you. I hope we'll spend some time together one day.

Marissa: Yes, that would be great. I enjoyed talking to you, even if it was for such a short time. Good night, Paul. See you soon!

Paul: Good night, Marissa! See you around!


1.      Who is Paul?

2.      Where is he now?

3.      How old is Paul? Is he a student?

4.      Who is Angela?

5.      How old is she? What does she do?

6.      Where is Paul from?

7.      Does he live in New York?

8.      Where is Angela from?

9.      Does she live in Birmingham?

10.  Why does Angela have to leave so soon?


Greetings and introductions

Hello/Hi - Buna/Salut

How do you do? - Buna ziua/Va salut/Imi pare bine de cunostinta (se foloseste doar cand intalnim pe cineva pentru prima oara)

Good morning - Buna dimineata (se spune in primele ore ale diminetii)

Good afternoon - Buna ziua (se spune dupa ora 12)

Good evening - Buna seara (se spune dupa ora 6)

Good night - Noapte buna (se spune doar la plecare seara tarziu sau cand vrem sa mergem la culcare)

Good bye/So long - La revedere

See you (soon)/later/around - La revedere/Pe curand

See you tomorrow - Pe maine

This is.. - Acesta/Aceasta este.. (se foloseste cand prezentam pe cineva)

Glad/Pleased/Nice to meet you - Ma bucur sa va cunosc/Incantat de cunostinta


Verb "to be" - Indicative Present




am (I'm)

from England

He, she, it

is (He's/she's/it's)

We, you, they

are (We're/you're/they're)







He, she, it


We, you, they



am not ('m not)

from England

He, she, it

is not (isn't)

We, you, they

are not (aren't)


1 Fill in the blanks with the right forms of the verb "to be":

Example: My

a) from?

b)      I...from France.

c)      Are you from England? Yes,..

d)      Is she from Italy? No,...

e) engineer.

f) home.

g)      Anne and Christian...from Spain.

h)      What..her name?

i)        You...from Brazil,...?

j)       She..twenty years old.

2.      Complete the following text:

Hello....Jane Portman and I'm a doctor. I...35 years old. I..married. My husband, architect. I..a daughter. Her name..Jessica. She..ten years old. We a beautiful house in London, England. It..such a big house but we like it.

3 Say whether the following sentences are correct or not:

Example: My name is Laura. (correct)

Her name are Laura (incorrect)

a)      We are not from England.

b)      She is from France.

c)      You are'nt from Japan.

d)      They is coming to see you.

e)      You are so beautiful.

f)       Where are you not from?

g)      I have twenty years old.

h)      It is a nice house.

i)        It isn't raining.

j)       I am happy to see you.

4.      Translate into English:

Buna. Ma numesc Diane Stevenson si am 25 de ani. Sunt profesoara de istorie. Locuiesc intr-un apartament in Los Angeles. Nu este un apartament foarte spatios dar este destul de confortabil. Nu sunt casatorita. Am o sora si un frate. Pe sora mea o cheama Mary iar fratele meu se numeste Sam. Sam este medic. El are 35 de ani. Sora mea este inca studenta. Ea are doar 20 de ani.

5. Practice

Now talk about you. Introduce yourself to the others. Try to give as much personal information as you can.



~ At the restaurant ~

expressions of quantity + socializing


2.1. Reading & Speaking

2.2. Basic Vocabulary

2.3. Grammar Reference


Insusirea vocabularului englezesc legat de :

- mancaruri si bauturi

- utilizarea expresiilor specifice legate de luarea unei mese la restaurant

si purtarea unei astfel de conversatii

- folosirea gramatical corecta a expresiilor cantitative


Aceasta lectie contine un dialog legat de luarea unei mese la restaurant, in care apar structuri si notiuni referitoare la mancaruri si bauturi in general, precum si folosirea corecta a expresiilor cu ajutorul carora se exprima cantitatea, in acest context.


Situation: Still thinking about last night's party and all the fun they had, Paul decides to call Marissa and ask her out to dinner at a fancy restaurant. They talk over the telephone and decide to go to the Royal Inn. Paul makes a phone call and books a table for two for eight o'clock. In the evening, he picks Marissa up and they arrive at the restaurant.

Waiter: Good evening Sir, Madam!

Paul: Good evening!

Marissa: Good evening!

Waiter: Do you have a reservation, Sir?

Paul: Yes, I do. It's a table for two right next to the window.

Waiter: All right then. Follow me, please.


Paul: Waiter, can we have the menu please?

Waiter: Certainly, Sir. Here you are!


Waiter: Do you wish to order now?

Marissa: Do you have any seafood today?

Waiter: No, I'm afraid we don't have any seafood at the moment.

Marissa: How about some pasta?

Waiter: Yes, we have spaghetti.

Marissa: Great! I'll have the spaghetti carbonara.

Waiter: How about you, Sir?

Paul: I'll have the same.

Waiter: Have you decided on the wine, Sir?

Paul: What do you recommend?

Waiter: I'd recommend a dry Riesling.

Paul: We'll have one bottle, please.

Waiter: Do you care for some dessert?

Marissa: Do you have any tiramisu?

Waiter: Yes, we do Madam.

Marissa: All right then! We'll have the tiramisu with a coffee to follow.


Paul: Waiter, the bill please!


1. Where does Paul take Marissa out to dinner?

2. Do they have a reservation?

3. What is Marissa's first choice?

4. What does the waiter answer?

5. What do they finally decide upon?

6. What do they drink afterwards?

7. Do they have dessert?

8. What do they have after dessert?


food = hrana, mancare

health food = alimentatie sanatoasa

junk food = alimentatie nesanatoasa

convenience food = semipreparate

low-cal food = mancare cu continut redus de calorii

pasta = paste

seafood = fructe de mare

coffee = cafea

black/green tea = ceai negru/verde

still mineral water = apa plata

sparkling water = apa minerala acidulata

red/white wine = vin rosu/alb

the wine list = meniul pentru vinuri

menu = meniu

to book/ to reserve a table = a rezerva o masa

reservation = rezervare

to order = a comanda

bill = nota de plata

tip = bacsis


to socialize = a socializa

to go out = a iesi (in oras)

to go on a date = a merge la o intalnire

to go out with friends = a iesi cu prietenii


Expressions of quantity


Some is generally used in positive sentences. Any is used in questions and negatives.

Examples: Have you got any tomatoes?

There is some milk, but there isn't any cheese.

Much/many/a lot of

Much and many are generally used in questions and negatives, much with uncountable nouns and many with countable nouns.

Examples: How much salt have you got?

There aren't many potatoes on the plate.

A lot of is used in positive sentences, with countable and uncountable nouns.

Examples: He's got a lot of pepper.

There are a lot of carrots in the basket.

A few/a little

A few is used with countable nouns. A little is used with uncountable nouns.

Examples: There are a few biscuits on the table.

There's a little whisky left.


1 Divide into groups.

Use your dictionaries to complete the following lists: food: bread, butter, meat ., beverages: coffee, tea ., fruit: cherries, strawberries ., vegetables: tomato, cabbage .

2 Put some or any into each gap:

a. Have you got ______ salt or pepper?

b. We don't need ______ butter.

c. There are ______ eggs on the table.

d. I want ______ flour because I want to bake a cake.

e. Is there ______milk in the fridge?

3. Put much, many, or a lot of into each gap:

a. Have you got ______ sugar in the bag?

b. We don't need ______eggs.

c. There are ______ onions in the basket.

d. There is ______ coffee in the coffee-pot.

e. Are there______ olives in your salad?

4. Translate into English:

a. Avem niste oua, dar nu avem deloc unt.

b. Sunt cateva lamai si multe portocale.

c. Este putin unt si multa faina.

d. Nu sunt multi struguri si nu este mult ulei.

5. Practice

You are in a restaurant and you want to have lunch. Imagine and write down your dialogue with the waiter.



~ What is your favourite pastime? ~

present simple + likes and dislikes


3.1. Reading & Speaking

3.2. Basic Vocabulary

3.3. Grammar Reference


Imbogatirea vocabularului de baza cu notiuni si expresii legate de:

- descrierea programului zilnic

- exprimarea activitatilor preferate din timpul liber

- utilizarea prezentului simplu in limba engleza si formarea deprinderilor legate de folosirea acestuia in vorbire.


Continutul acestei lectii cuprinde vocabularul de baza folosit la: prezentarea programului zilnic, a hobby-urilor personale si exprimarea preferintelor legate de petrecerea timpului liber.

Majoritatea verbelor si expresiilor din cadrul acestei lectii sunt folosite pentru a indica cat de mult ii place sau displace unei persoane, o anumita activitate.

In continuare, s-a insistat asupra acelor forme gramaticale legate de folosirea prezentului simplu.


Situation: Paul and Marissa are having dinner at a restaurant in the centre of town. They have just finished eating and now they are chatting over a glass of wine.

Paul: Tell me Marissa, do you have a busy daily schedule?

Marissa: Well, it depends. I usually wake up at 7 o'clock during weekdays, I shower, eat breakfast and get ready for school until about 8 o'clock. At 9 I hurry to catch the bus, I attend classes, I always eat my lunch in the park, at 4 o'clock I come back home, I do some shopping if I have to or I do some cleaning in the house, at 6 I usually have dinner, and in the evening I either study, watch television, read, and sometimes I listen to music or go out with my friends.

Paul: Wow, you do so many things in just a single day! I'm impressed!

Marissa: What can I say, I am a very active person and I can't stand just sitting down and doing absolutely nothing. Still, I never wake up before 9 at the weekend.

Paul: I see. And what do you do in your spare time? Tell me some of your hobbies, things you like or dislike.

Marissa: I love listening to music because it's very relaxing, going for walks in the park or reading a good novel before I go to sleep. I am mad about going to parties or to the cinema with my friends, I enjoy dancing and jogging whenever I have the time. It gives me the chance to stay healthy. What else? I also like travelling a lot but I can't say I'm a great fan of horror movies and I definitely hate cold weather. How about you? What is your favourite pastime?

Paul: I like many things. I like watching television, playing tennis in the summer or going to the gym when I have some free time. I am very keen on taking photos. I think it's very interesting and I really enjoy that, but I must admit that I just love travelling. This is my favourite hobby. I think it's so exciting. If I had a lot of money, I would travel all over the world. I want to see new places and meet interesting people.

Marissa: Oh, it's already 9 o'clock! I guess time flies when you are having such a good time. Don't you agree?

Paul: Of course I do. Let's stay some more.


1. Does Marissa have a busy daily schedule?

2. What time does she get up in the morning?

3. What time does she come back home?

4. What are some of the activities that she does in the evening?

5. Does Marissa wake up early at the weekends?

6. What are some of Marissa's hobbies and favourite spare time activities?

7. What does Paul like to do in his free time?

8. Does he like playing football?

9. Does Paul enjoy taking photographs?

10. Do they both enjoy travelling?


daily schedule - programul zilnic

weekdays - zilele din timpul saptamanii

spare/free time - timpul liber

leisure/pastime activities - activitatile pentru petrecerea timpul liber

likes and dislikes - preferinte si nonpreferinte

Hobbies and spare time activities

listening to music - a asculta muzica

going for walks/walking - a face plimbari, a se plimba

reading - a citi

party/cinema (going to) - a merge la petreceri sau la cinematograf

dancing - a dansa

jogging - a face jogging, a alerga

travelling - a calatori

watching television - a se uita la televizor

playing tennis - a juca tenis

going to the gym - a face sport, a merge la sala de sport

taking photographs - a face fotografii, a fotografia

painting - a picta

fishing - a pescui

swimming - a inota

cooking - a gati

Characterizing hobbies

interesting - interesant

exciting - palpitant, captivant

relaxing - relaxant

healthy - sanatos

funny - amuzant

cheap - ieftin

expensive - scump, costisitor

boring (for others) - plictisitor

dangerous - periculos, riscant

enjoyable - placut

Expressing likes and dislikes: to be keen on, to be very fond of, to be mad about, to adore, to love, to like, to enjoy, to be a great fan of, to dislike, don't mind, can't stand, to hate.


The Present Simple Tense







get up

at 7.30




gets up








get up?










do not (don't)

get up at 7.30




does not (doesn't)


The Present Simple Tense has the same form as the short infinitive, except for the third person singular, in which case adds an -s. We use the auxiliary DO in order to form the interrogative and the negative form; its form for the third person singular changes into does.


1. to denote repeated, habitual or permanent actions:

Examples: I go to school every morning.

John usually drives to work

She lives in Spain.

Note: Such actions are usually accompanied by the following adverbs: always, usually, sometimes, never, rarely, seldom, every day, every week, every month, every year, once a week, two times a month.

2. to express general truths or facts:

Examples: The sun sets in the West.

Paris is in France.

Windows are made of glass.

The Danube flows into the Black Sea.

3. to indicate actions which are officially planned in the future:

Examples: The train leaves tomorrow at 6.30.

The plane lands on Tuesday at 10.00 P.M.

4. in exclamatory sentences introduced by here or there:

Examples: Here she comes!

There they go!

5. to express a future action:

Examples: Give me a call when you arrive.

He will be very angry if she doesn't explain the situation.


1. Fill in the blanks with - 's' or - 'es' whenever it is necessary:

1. She love_ chocolate.

2. He doesn't like_ fruits.

3. They go_ to school every day.

4. We go_ to the theatre every week.

5. He usually drink_ coffee before breakfast.

6. She watch_ T.V in the evening.

7. Jennifer never dress_ in grey.

8. She always go_ to see her mother on Sundays.

9. I go_ to the cinema once a week.

10. You don't start work_ at 8.00.

2. Turn the following sentences into negatives:

1.      He drinks a cup of tea.

2.      I write poems.

3.      Mary goes to the cinema every week.

4.      We live in Italy.

5.      You visit us every year.

6.      They always talk too much.

7.      Jack speaks German.

8.      Mother often eats fish.

9.      My children usually play in the garden.

10.  I laugh easily.

3. Translate into English:

1.      De obicei, ma duc la scoala pe jos.

2.      Cate limbi straine vorbesti?

3.      El nu locuieste in Bucuresti.

4.      Mama lui bea o ceasca de cafea in fiecare dimineata.

5.      Iti place sa mergi la cinematograf?

6.      Verisoara mea canta la chitara.

7.      Ei fac plimbari in parc de doua ori pe saptamana.

8.      Iata-i ca vin!

9.      Paul asculta muzica pop.

10.  Ea iubeste vara.

4. Translate into Romanian:

1.      I usually drink a glass of orange juice at breakfast.

2.      Do you wash your teeth every morning?

3.      Jane lives in a new flat.

4.      Mr. Jones likes autumn, but he doesn't like winter.

5.      We read stories before we go to bed.

6.      The children run in the park very often.

7.      She plays volleyball every Saturday.

8.      George wakes up at 8 o'clock on weekdays.

9.      What kind of films do they enjoy?

10.  What does he usually do in the evening?

5. Practice

1.      Describe your favourite hobby.

2.      Speak about your daily programme.



~ I've never been to India. ~

present perfect simple + nationalities


4.1. Reading & Speaking

4.2. Basic Vocabulary

4.3. Grammar Reference


- cunoasterea terminologiei specifice calatoriilor

- dobandirea capacitatii de a descrie o tara straina cu specificul ei

- insusirea numelor de tari si nationalitati in limba engleza

- folosirea prezentului perfect simplu


Lectia urmareste atat insusirea vocabularului legat de calatorii, tari si nationalitati, cat si folosirea, in acest context si nu numai, a prezentului perfect simplu.


Situation: Still talking about their hobbies, Paul and Marissa reach the subject of travelling, which is Marissa's greatest passion.

Marissa: The hobby I love most is definitely travelling!

Paul: I love to travel too, although I haven't seen many countries so far. For instance, I've never been to India.

Marissa: India? Oh! I've been there twice. It's a beautiful country. And the Indians, although very poor, are such lovely, spiritual people.

Paul: What do you think about their culture?

Marissa: Well, I really loved their religious atmosphere, their fine silk and their spicy food.

Paul: Where else have you been?

Marissa: I've been to France, Greece, Italy, Spain, Turkey, Thailand, China, Japan and Indonesia.

Paul: So you like exotic places.

Marissa: Yes, I do. I really enjoy observing all these different cultures that have nothing in common with the European one. What countries have you visited?

Paul: Well, not as many as you have and not so far away. I've only visited European countries like: France, Germany, Austria, Switzerland or Hungary. But I'd really love to travel more.

Marissa: Perhaps I'll take you with me on my next trip.

Paul: That would be great!


1.      What is Marissa's favourite hobby?

2.      How many times has she been to India?

3.      What does she think about the Indians?

4.      What does she love most about their culture?

5.      Has Paul travelled anywhere so far?

6.      Has he already visited as many exotic places as Marissa?

7.      What does he think about travelling?

8.      What is Marissa's suggestion and what does Paul think about it?


to travel = a calatori

trip = excursie

journey = calatorie

tour = tur

tourist = turist

hike = drumetie

hiker = drumet

to go on a hike = a pleca in drumetie

sightseeing = vizita, plimbare, excursie

itinerary = itinerar, ruta

guide = ghid (persoana si cartea)

destination = destinatie

resort = statiune

customs = vama

passport = pasaport

visa = viza

insurance = asigurare

luggage = bagaj

bag = geanta

suitcase = servieta, diplomat

Countries and nationalities:

Afghanistan - Afghan

Albania - Albanian

Algeria - Algerian

America - American

Angola - Angolan

Austria - Austrian

Bahamas - Bahamian

Bangladesh - Bangladeshi

Belgium - Belgian

Bermuda - Bermudan

Bulgaria - Bulgarian

Canada - Canadian

Chile - Chilean

China - Chinese

Congo - Congolese

Cuba - Cuban

Denmark - Danish

Egypt - Egyptian

England - English

Finland - Finnish

France - French

Germany - German

Great Britain - British

Greece - Greek

Guatemala - Guatemalan

Holland - Dutch / Dutchman

Hungary - Hungarian

India - Indian

Iran - Iranian

Iraq - Iraqi

Israel - Israeli

Italy - Italian

Jamaica - Jamaican

Japan - Japanese

Korea - Korean

Mexico - Mexican

Monaco - Monegasque

New Zealand - New Zealander

Norway - Norwegian

Palestine - Palestinian

Peru - Peruvian

Poland - Polish

Portugal - Portuguese

Romania - Romanian

Russia - Russian

Somalia - Somali

Spain - Spanish

Sweden - Swedish

Switzerland - Swiss

Taiwan - Taiwanese

Tibet - Tibetan

Turkey - Turkish

Vietnam - Vietnamese

Zimbabwe - Zimbabwean


Present Perfect Simple


have/has + verb + -ed (past participle)

Affirmative and negative





've (have)








's (has)











been to the

United States?





been to Spain?

Short answers

'Have you been to Egypt?'

'Yes, I have.' / 'No, I haven't.'

'Has she ever been to Romania?'

'Yes, she has.' / 'No, she hasn't.'


1.      to express an action in the past (an experience, part of someone's life)

Examples: I have learnt a lot from my journeys to Egypt.

They've travelled all over the world.

Note: Ever and never are common with this use:

Have you ever been to Portugal?

My mother has never travelled by plane.

2. to express an action or state which began in the past and continues to the present

Examples: I've known Alice for six years.

How long have you worked as an accountant?

Note: For and since are common with this use:

Examples: We've lived in this town for ten years.

I've had long hair since I finished school.

3. to express a recent past action with a result in the present

Note: I've lost my glasses. (I haven't got them now.)

My passport's been stolen. (It isn't here now.)

Has your mother brought any potatoes? (Are there any potatoes now?)


1. Write down the nationality corresponding to the indicated country:

a. Germany -

b. Spain -

c. France -

d. Romania -

e. Hungary -

f. Italy -

g. Russia -

h. Ireland -

i. Poland -

j. Turkey -

k. Japan -

l. Iraq -

2. Complete the following sentences putting the verbs in the brackets at the present perfect tense:

a. I ________ the Rolling Stones last year. (to see)

b. How long ____ you____ Peter? (to know)

c. We _________ together for over ten years. (to be)

d. ____ you ever ____ India? (to see)

e. Mary's crying because she ____ just _____ some bad news. (to hear)

f. John's laughing because someone ____ just ____ him a joke. (to tell)

g. My parents are furious because I ________ the car keys. (to lose)

h. I'm angry because someone ________ my bike. (to steal)

3. Put for or since into each gap:

a. ____ two weeks

b. ____ half an hour

c. ____ August

d. ____ 9.15

e. ____ I was ten

f. ____ a long time

g. ____ 3 March

h. ____ ages

i. ____ the beginning of the term

j. ____ a couple of days

4. Translate into English:

a. Paul nu a fost niciodata in Japonia.

b. Marissa calatoreste de cand era mica.

c. Noi locuim in Londra de sapte ani.

d. A fost el vreodata in Peru?

5. Practice

Write down a short composition (about 10 lines) in which you talk about a country that you've never been to. You've learnt a lot about it at school or on T.V. and you would love to go there.



~ Do you have any brothers or sisters? ~

have/have got + family members


5.1. Reading & Speaking

5.2. Basic Vocabulary

5.3. Grammar Reference


Insusirea vocabularului care face referire la:

- membrii familiei si relatiile dintre acestia

- utilizarea lui "have" si "have got"


Aceasta lectie cuprinde vocabularul de baza folosit la enumerarea membrilor familiei si descrierea relatiilor familiale. S-a pus accent pe situatiile de utilizare ale formularilor: "have" si "have got", in limba vorbita.


Situation: Due to the fact that they had such a good time the last time they went out, Marissa has decided to invite Paul for dinner at her place. While eating dessert, Marissa ceases the opportunity to show Paul some photos of her family.

Marissa: Did you enjoy dinner, Paul?

Paul: Of course I did. Everything was absolutely delicious. Congratulations to the chef! I have to admit you are a great cook.

Marissa: How nice of you to say that. Thank you very much!(while opening the photo album).Now, let me show you some photos of my family: this is my mother, Sylvia and this is my father, Jack. They still live in Leeds, but I visit them very often. They have got a beautiful house there, with a lovely garden in front, with lots of colourful flowers. Mom loves gardening.

Paul: Oh, I see. Do you have any brothers or sisters?

Marissa: Yes, I do. I have got a brother. His name is Peter. He is 28 years old. I haven't got any sisters, though.

Paul: Is this Peter in the photo?

Marissa: Yes, this is Peter. He's married. There's his wife, Eve. She is so pretty, don't you think?

Paul: Yes, I do. And who is this, beside the red car?

Marissa: Well, this is my aunt Greta, my mother's sister. And do you see the man in the car? That is my uncle, Nelson. They live just across the street from my parents.

Paul: Do they have any children?

Marissa: They have got a daughter and a son. Her name is Lily and his name is John. And finally, these are my best friends, Sarah and her cousin, Sam.

Paul: Do they live in London?

Marissa: Yes, Sarah has got a flat not far away from here, and her cousin lives just three blocks from there.

Paul: You have a lovely family, Marissa. These are very beautiful photos, indeed.

Marissa: I'm very glad to hear that.


1. Who are Sylvia and Jack?

2. Where do Marissa's parents live?

3. Do they own a house or a flat?

4. Does Marissa have any brothers or sisters?

5. How old is Peter? Whom is he married to?

6. Do Nelson and Greta, Marissa's uncle and aunt, have children?

7. Do they live in London?

8. Who are Marissa's best friends?

9. Where does Sarah live? What about Sam?

10. Does Paul like Marissa's family?


Members of the family:

father/mother - tata, mama

brother/sister - frate, sora

son/daughter - fiu, fiica

grandfather/grandmother - bunic, bunica

grandson/grand-daughter - nepot, nepoata (de bunici)

uncle/aunt - unchi, matusa

cousin - verisor, verisoara

nephew/niece - nepot,nepoata (de unchi)

son-in-law/daughter-in-law - ginere, nora

brother-in-law/sister-in-law - cumnat/cumnata

father-in-law/mother-in-law - socru, soacra

step father/step mother - tata vitreg, mama vitrega

step brother/step sister - frate vitreg, sora vitrega

godfather/godmother - nas, nasa

godson/god daughter - fin, fina

Family relations

husband/wife - sot, sotie

parents - parinti

grandparents - bunici

children - copii

grandchildren - nepoti

parents-in-law - socri

in-laws - cuscri

godparents - nasi

spouses - soti

siblings - frati


Have and have got









a house












a house?












a house





Have got








a garden












a garden?












a garden






Have and have got mean the same thing when we talk about possession, but the form is very different. We often use have got in spoken English. The past of both have and have got is had.


1. We often use have got/has got instead of have/has alone:

Example: - I have got a new computer. /I have a new computer.

- She has got a toothache. /She has a toothache.

2. We use have for actions:

Example: - Let me have a look at your letter!

- I had breakfast at 9.00.

- She has a shower every morning. (= She takes a shower- as an action)


1. Complete these sentences with have:

1. Excuse me, ...... some cigarettes, please?

2. Do you....... a headache?

3. I don't........ a car.

4. He....... any money.

5. Where's Jennifer? She....breakfast.

6. They haven' umbrella.

7. What time does Joe....dinner?

2. Translate the above sentences into Romanian.

3. Make up sentences with some of the words from the vocabulary section.

4. Practice

Speak about your family. Try to name as many members as you can.



~ See you tomorrow at noon. ~

the numeral + time expressions


6.1. Reading & Speaking

6.2. Basic Vocabulary

6.3. Grammar Reference


- exprimarea orei in limba engleza

- folosirea expresiilor legate de timp

- stabilirea unui program

- utilizarea corecta a numeralului cardinal si ordinal, precum si a fractiilor si procentajelor


Lectia cuprinde modalitati de exprimare a orei in limba engleza, de a stabili un program folosind expresiile legate de timp, precum si exprimarea numeralului in limba engleza.


Situation: Our characters are still at Marissa's house, after dinner. It's getting late though, and Paul has to go home. So Marissa walks him out. He thanks her for a wonderful night and tells her that he wants to see her again as soon as possible.

Marissa: I hope you enjoyed my dinner. I know I may lack modesty, but I loved it. And besides, I've had a wonderful time.

Paul: Are you kidding? The food was incredibly tasty! And I've had a wonderful time too. In fact, you make me want to have you around all the time. I really must see you again tomorrow.

Marissa: I'd love to see you too, but I'm afraid I'm busy the whole day.

Paul: Are you sure you can't find an hour for me in your schedule?

Marissa: I would like to, but I don't know if I can.

Paul: Well, let's give it a try! How about 10 o'clock in the morning?

Marissa: That would be impossible. I'll be at the university.

Paul: O.K. And in the afternoon, are you available around 4.30?

Marissa: Unfortunately, I'm not. I must get to my dance class at a quarter to 5.

Paul: How about the evening? Are you free then?

Marissa: I'll have to say no again. I'm visiting my grandmother at the hospital.

Paul: It would have been nice.but . if you say you're so busy.

Marissa: Wait! I have an hour at noon!

Paul: Really? Now this is great news!

Marissa: Could you pick me up? I'll be at home.

Paul: Of course, Marissa. I would love to.

Marissa: All right then! Good night! See you tomorrow at noon!

Paul: Good night, Marissa! See you!


1. Did Paul and Marissa have a good time at dinner?

2. What does Paul think about Marissa's food?

3. Does Paul want to see Marissa again?

4. What does he suggest?

5. What does Marissa answer?

6. Is she available in the morning?

7. What is she doing in the evening?

8. When do they decide to meet?


a quarter to ten = 10 fara un sfert

ten minutes to five = 5 fara 10

a quarter past eight = 8 si un sfert

five minutes past nine = 9 si 5

twelve thirty = 12 si jumatate

a.m. = ante-meridian

p.m. = post-meridian

seven a.m. = ora 7

seven p.m. = ora 19

Time expressions:

What time is it? = Cat e ceasul?

It's a quarter past five. = Este ora 5 si un sfert.

after three o'clock = dupa ora 3

at about one o'clock = cam pe la ora 1

before noon = inainte de pranz

before midnight = inainte de miezul noptii

nearly five o'clock = aproape ora 5

two hours ago = acum 2 ore

soon = curand

in half an hour = intr-o jumatate de ora

in an hour's time = intr-o ora

early = devreme

late = tarziu


The numeral

The cardinal numeral:

1 - one

2 - two

3 - three

4 - four

5 - five

6 - six

7 - seven

8 - eight

9 - nine

10 - ten

11 - eleven

12 - twelve

13 - thirteen

14 - fourteen

15 - fifteen

16 - sixteen

17 - seventeen

18 - eighteen

19 - nineteen

20 - twenty

21 - twenty-one

22 - twenty-two


30 - thirty


37 - thirty-seven

40 - forty


43 - forty-three


50 - fifty

60 - sixty

70 - seventy

80 - eighty

90 - ninety

100 - one hundred

101 - a hundred and one

112 - a hundred and twelve

150 - a hundred and fifty

1,000 - one thousand

100,000 - one hundred thousand

1,000,000,000 - one million

The ordinal numeral:

the first - primul;

the second - al doilea;

the third - al treilea;

the fourth - al patrulea;

the fifth - al cincilea;


the tenth - al zecelea;

the eleventh - al unsprezecelea;


the thirtieth - al treizecilea;

the fortieth - al patruzecilea;

the fiftieth - al cincizecilea


the eighty-seventh - al optzeci si saptelea.

Fractions and percentages:

a half = o jumatate

a quarter = un sfert

a third = o treime

two thirds = doua treimi

10% (ten per cent) = 10 la suta


1. Write down in words the following numbers:

45, 68, 23, 79, 91, 163, 240, 795, 933, 98, 56, 13, 17, 14, 42, 39, 21, 497, 333, 667

2. Transform into ordinals the following numbers:

3, 15, 19, 24, 36, 57, 49, 2, 68, 71, 83, 92, 51, 84, 73, 22, 16, 81, 45, 7

3. Translate into Romanian:

1. We are going to meet tomorrow at 7.30.

2. He wants to be there at about 5 o'clock.

3. Maria's mother told her to come back home before midnight.

4. I was offered a 20% discount because of my loyalty to the company.

4. Translate into English:

1. Vreau sa dorm o jumatate de ora.

2. Ai terminat cartea?

Nu inca.Am citit doar doua treimi.

3. 10% dintr-o mie este 100.

4. Am nevoie de un sfert de ora ca sa-mi termin treaba.

5. Practice

Write down your schedule for tomorrow.



~ I'm looking for a souvenir.~

this/that/these/those + prices


7.1. Reading & Speaking

7.2. Basic Vocabulary

7.3. Grammar Reference


Insusirea terminologiei referitoare la:

- efectuarea cumparaturilor

- exprimarea preturilor.

- fixarea cunostintelor legate de folosirea pronumelor/adjectivelor demonstrative, "this", "that", "these" si "those".


Aceasta lectie include principalele cuvinte si expresii utile in cadrul unei conversatii purtate intr-un magazin, folosite la efectuarea cumparaturilor cat si la exprimarea corecta a preturilor produselor.

In privinta aspectelor gramaticale, s-au evidentiat formele si folosirea pronumelor si adjectivelor demonstrative.


Situation: It is Monday afternoon. Paul and Marissa are in town. On their way to the restaurant they've settled to eat lunch, Marissa sees a gift shop and asks Paul to enter it together, in order to help her choose a nice souvenir for her best friend, Sarah.

Shop assistant: Good afternoon. May I help you?

Marissa: Yes. I'm looking for a souvenir.

Shop assistant: Can I help you find something?

Marissa: Well, I could use some help. What would you recommend?

Shop assistant: Might I ask who is it for?

Marissa: It's for my best friend, Sarah. She's going away for a couple of months and we're planning to give her a surprise farewell party.

Shop assistant: Oh, this is a very special occasion, indeed! What do you think of this lovely silver ring right here in the glass case in front of you? Would you like to put it on your finger to see if it fits?

Marissa: Well, it does look good. How much is it?

Shop assistant: It's fourteen pounds seventy.

Marissa: It's not so expensive, either. Paul, what do you think? Do you like it?

Paul : Certainly. I'm sure Sarah will love it, especially if it comes from your part.

Shop assistant: Might I suggest matching earrings, and perhaps a bracelet or a necklace as well?

Marissa: I don't know what to say. What about that bracelet over there near the counter? How much does it cost?

Shop assistant: That's a little bit more expensive. It costs thirty pounds.

Marissa: Hmm., I am not sure. And these earrings beside the bracelet you've just showed me?

Shop assistant: These are twenty pounds fifty. They look magnificent, don't they?

Marissa: Yes, they do. Paul, I can't seem to make up my mind! Would you help me, please?

Paul: Let me look around. What about those glass globes in the shop window?

Marissa: Oh Paul, they are absolutely wonderful! We'll take one of those.

Shop assistant: Good choice. That's twelve pounds ninety. Anything else?

Marissa: No, thank you. That's all for today. Here you are.


1. Who does Marissa want to buy a souvenir for?

2. Does Marissa want to find a birthday present for Sarah?

3. What does the shop assistant first recommend?

4. How much does the silver ring cost?

5. Do they decide to buy it?

6. Is the bracelet cheap?

7. Are the earrings very expensive?

8. Can Marissa make up her mind easily?

9. Who helps her in the end?

10. Is she content with the present she's finally bought?


Useful words and expressions

customer - client/clienta

shop assistant/keeper/sales person - vanzator/vanzatoare (intr-un magazin)

price - pret

counter - tejghea

shopping - cumparaturi

shopping bag/basket - geanta, sacosa pentru cumparaturi

shopping centre/supermarket - supermarket, supermagazin

shop/store - magazing

gift shop - magazin de cadouri

department store - magazin universal

expensive/dear - scump, costisitor

cheap - ieftin

souvenir - suvenir, amintire

present/gift - cadou

May/Can I help you?- Pot sa va ajut cu ceva?

What can I do for you? - Cu ce va pot ajuta?/Ce pot face pentru dumneavoastra?/Ce doriti?

Can I help you find something? - Va pot ajuta sa gasiti un produs anume?

I'm looking for . - Caut .

Do you have .? - Aveti .?

Where can I find.? - Unde pot gasi.?

How much is it?/How much does it cost? - Cat costa?

Anything else? - Altceva?

pound - lira sterlina ( a pound = 100 pence: o lira = 100 penny; "Pence"= "p")


This, that, these, those


Singular Plural





Distant reference




1. The demonstrative pronoun

It usually expresses temporal and spatial relationship between the objects it stand for and the speaker:

Examples: This is our car.

That is your sister.

These are her books.

Those aren't your parents.

2. The demonstrative adjective

It determines a noun and indicates the place of the noun in time or space:

Examples: This ring in my hand looks beautiful.

That coat over there by the window is black.

These shoes in the window cost twenty pounds.

Those paintings on the wall are not so expensive.


- we use this and these to talk about persons and objects that are near to us.

- we use that and those to talk about persons and objects that are far from us (that aren't so near to us).


1. Put this, that, these, those into the gaps:

  1. Is....your sister? Introduce me to her.
  2. ......woman over there is looking at me.
  3. How much on that shelf?
  4. ....trousers in your hand are so dirty!
  5. Look!.girl is crying!
  6. you're holding, are mine!
  7. I don't know...boy from across the street.
  8. is quite interesting.
  9. Do...people near you have an umbrella to borrow?
  10. What are...children doing?

2. Translate the above sentences into Romanian.

3. Translate into English:

  1. Cine este batranul acela de acolo?
  2. Prietena mea vrea sa viziteze acest muzeu.
  3. Ale cui sunt caietele acelea de pe masa?
  4. Aceste mere sunt foarte gustoase. Mai vreau sa mananc unul.
  5. Acesta este fratele meu, iar acela de langa usa este verisorul meu.
  6. Acele scaune din capatul salii sunt stricate.
  7. Nu stiu daca acest barbat stie cum sa repare masina noastra.
  8. Aceea este poseta mea!
  9. Acestia nu sunt ochelarii mei! Cred ca i-am pierdut.
  10. Acelea sunt florile pe care le-am primit ieri de ziua mea.

4. Imagine you have to buy a birthday present for somebody in your family. Make up a dialogue in which you decide what to buy.

5. Practice

What would be the perfect present for you? Try to describe it in more than just a few words.



~ You look lovely in red! ~

the article (definite / indefinite / zero) + colours


8.1. Reading & Speaking

8.2. Basic Vocabulary

8.3. Grammar Reference


- insusirea vocabularului specific vestimentatiei si a celui legat de accesorii

- reamintirea termenilor care exprima culorile si utilizarea lor in context

- folosirea gramatical corecta a articolului


Aceasta lectie contine un dialog care urmareste insusirea vocabularului englezesc legat de imbracaminte si accesorii, reamintirea termenilor care exprima culorile, precum si folosirea corecta a articolului.


Situation: A week has gone by since Paul and Marissa went shopping. As she really enjoyed Paul's company and appreciated his good taste, Marissa decided to ask him to repeat the experience and go shopping for clothes this time. So here they are now, at the mall, looking for some nice outfits.

Marissa: Look at that green dress! Isn't it nice? I think I'll try it on.

Paul: You should do that. It looks all right.


Marissa: What do you think?

Paul: It doesn't look bad, but the colour doesn't really suit you. Why don't you try the red one over there?

Marissa: You're right. It looks great! Could you please bring it to me?

Paul: Of course! Here you are!


Marissa: Well .What do you think?

Paul: It fits you perfectly. And it's very fancy. I find it very beautiful. And you look lovely in red.

Marissa: I'm glad you like it. It's also very comfortable. I'll take it.

Paul: I'd really love to pay for it if you agree to go out with me dressed in it.

Marissa: Thank you, but that isn't necessary. I'll wear it anyway just to please you.


Marissa: Paul! Look at those blue trousers! I think they would look great on you.

Paul: O.K.! Let's go and check them out.


Paul: Well?

Marissa: They really suit you. You look very cool!

Paul: If you think so, I'll take them.

Marissa: O.K.! And after you pay for them, let's go and find a matching shirt. And oh! I'd also like to see some accessories to go with my new dress. Perhaps some earrings, a necklace or a bracelet.


1. Where does Marissa invite Paul and for what purpose?

2. Does Paul like the green dress?

3. What does he think of the red one?

4. On what condition does he offer to pay for the red dress?

5. What does Marissa show Paul?

6. Does she like the way Paul looks in those trousers?

7. What does she suggest to find that would match the trousers?

8. Does Marissa want anything to go with her dress?


clothes = haine

dress = rochie

to wear = a purta

to take off = a da jos

coat = haina

jacket = jacheta

suit = costum

tuxedo = smoching

blouse = bluza

pullover = pulover

shirt = camasa

T-shirt = tricou

trousers = pantaloni

jeans = blugi

shorts = pantaloni scurti

skirt = fusta

boxers = boxeri

panties = chiloti de dama

bikini = bikini

bra = sutien

swimsuit / bathing suit = costum de baie

nightdress = camasa de noapte

pyjamas = pijamale

dressing gown = capot

bathrobe = halat de baie

socks = sosete

shoes = pantofi

boots = cizme

sandals = sandale

slippers = slapi

hat = palarie

cap = sapca


tie = cravata

bow tie = papion

scarf = esarfa

gloves = manusi

belt = curea

button = nasture, buton

zip = fermoar

ring = inel

earrings = cercei

bracelet = bratara

necklace = lantisor


yellow = galben

orange = portocaliu

red = rosu

blue = albastru

green = verde

violet / mauve / purple = violet

pink = roz

white = alb

grey = gri

black = negru

brown = maro


The article

The indefinite article

We use the indefinite article:

1. with professions:

Examples: I'm a teacher.

He's an engineer.

2. with some expressions of quantity:

Examples: a pair of boots

a couple of hours

a hundred

three times a week

thirty miles an hour

a little

a few

3. in exclamations with what + a countable noun

Examples: What a lovely day!

What a pity!

What a beautiful dress!

The definite article

We use the definite article:

1. before seas, rivers, hotels, theatres, museums, newspapers etc.

Examples: the Atlantic

the British Museum

the Times

the Ritz

2. if the determined noun is unique:

Examples: the sun

the moon

the Earth

the Queen

the Government

3. with superlative adjectives

Examples: the richest man in the world

the youngest of us all

The zero article

There is no article:

1. before plural and uncountable nouns when we talk about things in general

Examples: I like skirts.

I love blue T-shirts.

Cigarettes are not good for you.

2. before countries, towns, streets, languages, magazines, meals, airports, stations and mountains

Examples: I had breakfast in Glasgow.

I bought Cosmopolitan at Paddington Station.

3. before some places and with some means of transport

Examples: at home

in / to bed

at / to school

at / to work

by bus / plane / car / train

on foot

4. in exclamations with what + an uncountable noun

Examples: What lovely weather!

What loud music!


1. Put a, an or no article before each noun:

______ trousers

______ dress

______ earring

______ belt

______ shoes

______ dressing gown

2. Put the or no article into each gap:

1. These are ______ cheapest shoes I've ever seen.

2. I love ______ necklaces.

3. He bought ______ Daily Mirror and ______ Reader's Digest.

4. She hates ______ gloves.

5. Forget about the dress. ______ skirt looks a lot better.

6. It's not so cold outside. I'll leave ______ coat at ______ home.

3. Put a or no article into each gap:

1. What ______ cool T-shirt!

2. What ______ nice day.

3. What ______ deep eyes!

4. What ______ mess!

5. What ______ bad weather!

6. What ______ lovely music!

4. Translate into English:

1. Am cumparat o pereche noua de cizme.

2. Ce palarie frumoasa!

3. Ea are o camasa de noapte portocalie.

4. El poarta pijamale albastre.

5. As dori sa cumpar o bluza rosie, doua fuste verzi, o curea maro si o pereche de pantaloni albi.

6. Paul doreste o cravata gri, care sa se asorteze cu costumul negru.

5. Practice

You are out shopping. You want to complete your wardrobe. Imagine and write down your dialogue with the shop assistant. You are asking for at least five items.



~ Look! There's Sarah! ~

the adjective + opposites


9.1. Reading & Speaking

9.2. Basic Vocabulary

9.3. Grammar Reference


- insusirea cuvintelor si expresiilor folosite la descrierea unei persoane

- introducerea adjectivului ca parte de vorbire si folosirea lui corecta in limba vorbita si scrisa


Aceasta lectie contine cele mai uzuale cuvinte si expresii folosite la descrierea unei persoane si urmareste fixarea cunostintelor referitoare la forma, pozitionarea si clasificarea adjectivului.


Situation: Our two main characters, Marissa and Paul, have just stepped out of a clothing store, and now they are in a hurry to catch the 5 o'clock bus. On their way to the bus stop, Paul has the impression he sees Sarah, Marissa's best friend whom he has seen in pictures only, on the other side of the street.

Marissa: Do you think I can make a quick stop at the bookshop, Paul? I really need to buy a book I have to use at school.

Paul: I don't know what to say. There isn't enough time and we're going to miss the 5 o'clock bus if you stay too long.

Marissa: I won't. I'll be right back!

Paul : Marissa, wait! Look! There's Sarah!

Marissa: Sarah?! Where? I don't see her.

Paul: Right there across the street in front of that big red car. If my memory serves me right, she's rather short, thin and she has curly dark hair. Am I right?

Marissa: Yeah, that's what she looks like, but I still can't spot her. There are too many people there.

Paul: She is right between that tall old man who's wearing a long black coat and a big strange looking hat and that young woman with a short white jacket and straight blonde hair. She also has a little grey purse in her hand.

Marissa: I think I see her looks like she's waiting for someone but. that's not Sarah! It's just someone who looks a lot like her!

Paul: Are you sure?

Marissa: Of course I'm sure. Sarah isn't that short and she doesn't have glasses.

Paul : Oh, I see. My mistake. I really thought it was her.

Marissa: It's already 6 o'clock! We've missed the bus! What are we going to do now?

Paul: We are going to catch a cab. It's too cold, wet and cloudy. It's also getting dark.

Marissa: All right. I just can't stand bad weather. I love it when it's warm, dry and sunny.


  1. What are Marissa and Paul doing?
  2. Is there enough time for Marissa to buy the book she needs for school?
  3. Whom does Paul think he sees?
  4. Where does Paul see Sarah?
  5. What does Sarah look like?
  6. Does Sarah have glasses?
  7. Is the girl on the street Sarah?
  8. Did Paul and Marissa catch the bus?
  9. What do they decide to do?
  10. What is the weather like?



short, tall/long - scund/scurt, inalt/lung

thin/slender, fat/plump - slab/subtire, gras/rotund, durduliu

old, young/new - batran/vechi, tanar/nou

curly, straight - cret, drept-intins

dark (haired), fair/blonde (haired) - brunet, blond

little, big - mic, mare

black, white - negru, alb

cold, warm/hot - rece, cald

wet, dry - umed, uscat

cloudy, sunny - innorat, insorit

bad, good - rau, bun

Describing people

He is very sociable, ambitious and funny.

He is twenty years old, he's quite tall, about one metre eighty and he's very handsome.

She has curly black hair and blue eyes.

She is rather tall, slender and beautiful.

She has straight blonde hair, green eyes and a lovely smile.

He is wearing dark brown trousers and a light green jumper.

She is wearing a pink skirt and a black shirt.

She is wearing high heels and carrying a little leather purse.


The adjective - is the speech part which describes and modifies nouns; it is used to give more details or information about the nouns they are associated with.

Examples: It is a very interesting novel.

Hand me that big brown square box, please!

Her sister is thin, young and pretty.


1. adjectives are always invariable; they don't have a singular and plural form or a masculine, feminine and neuter form; they never add a final -s;

Example: awful not awfuls


- adjectives are always placed before the noun; they are never situated after the noun.

Example: an orange dress not a dress orange

2. they can also be placed at the end of a sentence if they describe the subject of the sentence.

Example: My mother is great.


If we refer to the word-formation, adjectives can be:

- simple: new, cheap, clean

- derived: wonderful, dark-coloured

- composed: downright, manlike

Note: When we use two or more adjectives together, place them in the following order:

1. Opinion

Example: an interesting book, a boring film

2. Dimension

Example: a little doll, a thick book

3. Age

Example: an old house, a new building

4. Shape

Example: a square box, a round ball

5. Colour

Example: some black shoes, a blue scarf

6. Origin

Example: a French town, a British car

7. Material

Example: a velvet jacket, a plastic glass, a silk dress


1. Write the opposite of the following adjectives:

large: .

pretty :

happy :..








2. Make up sentences with the following words:

- beautiful, handsome, hungry, friendly, favourite, rested, tired, angry, tidy, difficult.

3.Translate into Romanian:

1.      Last night I met your beautiful sister.

2.      It was an amazing event.

3.      Do you think he is an intelligent child?

4.      My mother is friendly and nice.

5.      I want to sit in that old rocking chair.

6.      Do you want to buy a new family car?

7.      She is tall, thin and she has brown eyes.

8.      Dinner smells good.

9.      I wish to take a hot bath.

10.  This is going to be an interesting journey.

4.      Translate into English:

1.      Ieri, am gasit o pisica neagra.

2.      Acela este un tablou foarte vechi.

3.      Nu cred ca este o problema prea dificila.

4.      Nu crezi ca este un barbat aratos?

5.      Trandafirii rosii sunt florile mele preferate.

6.      El este un om rau si periculos.

7.      Aceasta femeie tine in mana o cutie mare si galbena.

8.      Ce zi frumoasa si insorita! Mergem sa ne plimbam prin parc?

9.      Nu suport vremea urita si rece!

10.  Cine este acel baiat firav si tacut?

5. Practice

How would you describe your best friend? Write at least 10 lines.



~ Don't disturb me. I'm studying. ~

present continuous + education terminology


10.1. Reading & Speaking

10.2. Basic Vocabulary

10.3. Grammar Reference


- insusirea terminologiei englezesti specifice domeniului educatiei;

- capacitatea de a folosi termenii din domeniul educatiei in limbajul curent;

- cunoasterea si folosirea corespunzatoare a prezentului continuu.


Lectia are in vedere insusirea vocabularului englezesc din domeniul educatiei si intrebuintarea acestuia in limbajul curent; cunoasterea si folosirea gramatical corecta a prezentului continuu.


Situation: Months have gone by. Paul and Marissa have spent a lot of time together. But now Marissa is busy studying and she cannot go out as much as she used to. She is preparing for her winter exams. Paul misses her. He is calling her to ask her out.

Paul: Hello! Marissa? This is Paul speaking.

Marissa: Oh! Hi Paul! How are you?

Paul: Fine, thanks. And you?

Marissa: Could be worse I suppose, but I'm busy studying.

Paul: I was thinking of going out tonight.

Marissa: I'm afraid that's impossible. I'm preparing for my anatomy exam on Tuesday.

Paul: Can't you take a break? Just for a couple of hours.

Marissa: No, I couldn't do that! I've got a lot to learn and I wouldn't want to fail my exam.

Paul: Please!!! How about half an hour?

Marissa: I'm sorry. I'll see you on Tuesday. I'm taking my exam at noon and I'll be free in the evening. We can get together then.

Paul: But that means I'd have to wait five more days. And I miss you!

Marissa: I miss you too. But we'll survive. You'll see.

Paul: Well, it seems like there's no way of getting you out of the house tonight. I guess I'll call you on Tuesday then.

Marissa: O.K. Paul. We have a deal.

Paul: Bye Marissa! And good luck!

Marissa: Thanks Paul! Bye!


Paul: Hi Marissa! It's me again.

Marissa: Hi Paul!

Paul: I called to see if you changed your mind about tonight.

Marissa: Oh, Paul! I thought we had a deal! Please don't disturb me. I'm studying!


1. Why does Paul call Marissa?

2. What is she doing?

3. Does she accept his proposition?

4. Why doesn't she?

5. When does Marissa tell Paul that they can meet?

6. How many days are there left until then?

7. Does Paul give up on trying to get Marissa out of the house?

8. What does Marissa say when he calls her for the second time?


state school = scoala de stat

private school = scoala privata

nursery school / kindergarten = gradinita

primary school = scoala primara

secondary school = scoala secundara

high school = liceu

college = colegiu

higher education = studii superioare

university = universitate

medical school = facultatea de medicina

commercial / business school = facultate cu profil comercial / economic

subject = obiect de studiu, materie

optional subject = materie facultativa

compulsory subject = materie obligatorie

course = curs

exam = examen

oral exam = examen oral

written exam = examen scris

final exam = examen de absolvire

to prepare for an exam = a se pregati pentru un examen

to take an exam = a da un examen

to pass an exam = a lua un examen

to fail an exam = a pica un examen

to cheat in an exam = a copia la un examen

credit = credit

graduate = subst.: absolvent

vb.: a absolvi, a incheia studiile

diploma = diploma

he holds a diploma in economics = el este licentiat in economie

to learn = a invata

to study = a studia

textbook = manual

homework = tema


Present continuous



is + verb + -ing (present participle)





















am not

'm not





is not






are not




















Short answers:

'Are you listening to me?' 'Yes, I am.' / 'No, I'm not.'

'Is Marie studying?' 'Yes, she is.' / 'No, she isn't.'


We use the present continuous:

1. to talk about an action that is happening now

Examples: He is walking in the park (now).

They can't go out because they are preparing for tomorrow's exam.

2. to talk about an action that is happening around now, but not necessarily at the moment of speaking

Examples: She's studying Mathematics at the university.

I'm reading a great novel by Hermann Hesse.

3. to express a future action that is already planned

Examples: I'm meeting Jane on Wednesday at 5 o'clock.

She's starting her poetry classes next week.

What are you doing on Sunday?


1. Put the verbs in brackets at the present continuous tense:

1. What are you (do) ________ on Friday?

2. I (go) ________ to the movies.

3. He (watch) ________ you attentively.

4. They (read) ________ Bernard Shaw this semester.

5. We (listen) ________ to music now.

6. Are you (talk) ________ to me?

2. Transform the sentences from the previous exercise into negatives.

3. Translate into Romanian:

1. I hold a diploma in Architecture.

2. I've made my decision. I'm going to get higher education.

3. He failed the exam in business English.

4. What optional subjects are you going to follow?

4. Translate into English:

1. Anatomia este o materie obligatorie la facultatea de medicina.

2. Sylvia a trecut examenul la engleza.

3. Cate cursuri aveti anul acesta?

4. Mike isi face tema de la pagina 17 din manual (acum).

5. Practice

John wants to cheat at his final exam. Convince him not to. Tell him how important it is to graduate honestly and underline the fact that he really shouldn't risk his diploma. Write at least 10 lines.



~ I'm going to be a doctor. ~

going to (future plans) + professions/jobs


11.1. Reading & Speaking

11.2. Basic Vocabulary

11.3. Grammar Reference


- introducerea si insusirea vocabularului referitor la profesii

- exprimarea planurilor de viitor cu ajutorul lui "going to"


Continutul lectiei are in vedere insusirea vocabularului de baza din domeniul profesional si intrebuintarea in limbajul curent, prin exprimarea planurilor de viitor.


Situation: Paul and Marissa are visiting Mark and his girlfriend, Jane. After discussing about several things, they reach the subjects of professions and future plans.

Jane: Are you still a student, Marissa?

Marissa: Yes, I am.

Jane: What are you studying?

Marissa: Medicine.

Jane: And this is what you've always wanted to do?

Marissa: Of course. I've never pictured myself doing something else.

Jane: And what are you going to do after you graduate?

Marissa: I'm going to work in a hospital. I'm going to be a doctor. In fact, I'm going to be a pediatrist. I love working with kids.

Jane: What about you, Paul? What are you studying?

Paul: Economics.

Jane: And what do you intend do to afterwards?

Paul: I intend to work in a multinational bank. I'm going to be a loan officer and maybe a branch manager some day.

Mark: Well, I'm definitely going to be a painter. I really enjoy spending time in my studio, painting. I could stay in there for hours.

Marissa: And you, Jane? You haven't told us what your future career plans are.

Paul: Mark has just told us you are studying Architecture.

Jane: Yes, and I guess I'm going to be a house decorator. At least, this is the career I want to pursue.

Mark: Well, I wish you all good luck in achieving your goals!

Jane: It's nine o'clock. What do you want to do now?

Mark: Grab your coats and let's all go for a walk downtown. How about that?

Paul: Sure! . Marissa? Is it fine with you?

Marissa: Certainly. Why not?

Jane: Wonderful! It's going to be great!


  1. Where have Paul and Marissa been invited to?
  2. Who is Jane?
  3. What are they all discussing about?
  4. What is Marissa going to be?
  5. Is Paul going to be a lawyer?
  6. Where does Paul intend to work?
  7. Does Mark enjoy painting?
  8. Is Jane going to be a house decorator?
  9. Is this the career she wants to pursue?
  10. What do they finally decide to do?


Jobs & Professions

accountant/book keeper - contabil

actor/actress - actor, actrita

architect - arhitect

barman /bartender - barman

businessman /executive - afacerist, om de afaceri, director

carpenter - tamplar

chef - bucatar sef

civil servant - functionar public, de stat

clerk - functionar (comercial), contabil, notar

computer operator / programmer - operator, programator

cook - bucatar

dancer - dansator, dansatoare

decorator - decorator

dentist - dentist

designer - designer

director - director, membru in consiliul de administratie

film director - regizor

doctor/physician - doctor, medic

driver - sofer

economist - economist

editor - redactor (sef)

electrician - electrician

engineer - inginer

chemist/pharmacist - farmacist

fire fighter/fireman - pompier

fisherman - pescar

flight attendant - insotitoare de zbor, stewardesa

hairdresser - coafor, coafeza, frizer

head master/teacher - director de scoala, sef de catedra

jeweler - bijutier

journalist - ziarist, jurnalist

judge - judecator

lawyer - avocat

lecturer - conferentiar

loan officer - ofiter de credit

manager - director, administrator

branch manager - director de filiala

mechanic - mecanic

musician - muzician

news reader / news presenter - prezentator de stiri

nurse - asistenta

painter/artist - pictor

photographer - fotograf

pilot - pilot

plumber - instalator

police officer/policeman - ofiter de politie, politist

politician - politician

receptionist - receptionist

sailor - marinar

salesperson - agent de vanzari

scientist - om de stiinta

secretary - secretar

singer - cantaret

soldier - soldat

solicitor - jurisconsult

surgeon - chirurg

tailor - croitor

teacher/professor - profesor, profesor universitar

travel agent - agent de turism

waiter/waitress - chelner/chelnerita

writer - scriitor


airport - aeroport

travel agency - agentie de voiaj

bank - banca

bar - bar

dentist's - cabinet dentar

surgery - cabinet medical

caf - cafenea

savings bank - casa de economii

hairdresser's - coafor

tailor's - croitorie

dry-cleaner's - curatatorie chimica

university, faculty - universitate, facultate

chemist's/pharmacy - farmacie

railway station - gara

hotel - hotel

motel - motel

museum - muzeu

opera house - opera

police (station) - politie

post-office - posta

restaurant - restaurant

insurance company - companie de asigurari

hospital - spital

school - scoala

theatre - teatru

tribunal - tribunal


Going to


I am

going to

to be a singer.

listen to music.

to study English.

leave on Saturday.

work in an office.



He/She is


Compare the following situations:

Now: I am an economist. In the future: I am going to be an economist.

I am in Paris. I am going to be in Paris.


We use going to when we say what we have already decided to do, what we intend to do in the future.

Examples: I'm going to the seaside next summer.

She's going to be a lawyer when she graduates.

We are going to the cinema tomorrow.

They are going to buy a television.


1. Translate into Romanian (use your dictionaries):

- fisherman, farmer, undertaker, baker, butcher, construction worker, miner, astronaut, researcher, gardener, florist, foreman, cashier, surveyor.

2. Make up sentences with at least ten words from the vocabulary section.

3. Translate into English:

  1. Ma duc la o petrecere in seara asta, dar nu stiu cu ce sa ma imbrac.
  2. Uita-te la cer! Cred ca va ploua in curand.
  3. Nu stiu ce va face acum.
  4. Ea va lucra la o companie italiana.
  5. El isi va cumpara o masina noua.
  6. Noi vom merge la cinematograf.
  7. Saptamana viitoare plec in Grecia.
  8. Intentionez sa-mi reinnoiesc garderoba
  9. Robert isi va zugravi biroul in alb.
  10. Te uiti la televizor in seara asta?

4. Practice

What do you do? Write about your job/profession.



~ At the cinema ~

prepositions + the weather


12.1. Reading & Speaking

12.2. Basic Vocabulary

12.3. Grammar Reference


- introducerea vocabularului referitor la iesirile mondene

- dobandirea capacitatii de a purta o conversatie legata de acestea si de a lansa o invitatie la o astfel de iesire

- insusirea terminologiei si a expresiilor despre vreme

- cunoasterea si folosirea principalelor prepozitii din limba engleza


Aceasta lectie isi propune studierea vocabularului legat de iesirile mondene, dar si a celui referitor la vreme, cat si intrebuintarea in limbajul curent.

Din punct de vedere gramatical, se insista atat asupra cunoasterii prepozitiilor, cat si asupra utilizarii corecte a acestora.


Situation: As Paul's job interview was a total success, it is only natural that it should be followed by a celebration. So Paul decides to talk to Marissa and find a way to celebrate his new job.

Paul: So, what should we do today?

Marissa: Well, I was thinking about going out in the park for a picnic, but since it's raining, I guess we'll have to find something else to do.

Paul: How about going to that new dancing club that opened last week?

Marissa: I don't know what to say. I don't really feel like dancing.

Paul: Should we go to the theatre?

Marissa: I've checked this week's programme and there's nothing in it for tonight.

Paul: How about the opera?

Marissa: Sorry! Nothing either.

Paul: Do you want to go some place for dinner then?

Marissa: Not really, I'm afraid. I'm on a diet.

Paul: I've got it! We'll go to the cinema.

Marissa: That sounds good! What film is playing tonight?

Paul: It's Sweet November.

Marissa: Who's in the cast?

Paul: Well, I think it's Charlize Theron and Keanu Reeves.

Marissa: Great! I love them both.

Paul: It's settled then. We're going to the cinema. I'll pick you up at seven o'clock.

Marissa: O.K.!


At the cinema:

Marissa: Look at the poster Paul! It looks promising, doesn't it?

Paul: Yes, it does. Let's go in now!


1. What are Paul and Marissa celebrating?

2. Why can't they go out for a picnic?

3. Do they go dancing? Why?

4. Do they choose the theatre or the opera?

5. Why doesn't Marissa want to eat out?

6. What is their final choice?

7. What movie is on?

8. When does Paul pick Marissa up?


Going out

cinema = cinematograf

at the cinema / the movies = la cinematograf.

theatre = teatru

opera = opera

cast = distributie

museum = muzeu

show = spectacol, reprezentatie

circus = circ

disco = discoteca

nightclub = club de noapte

club = club

bar = bar

pub = pub

restaurant = restaurant

casino = cazinou

funfair = parc de distractii

races = curse

The weather

nice weather = vreme buna

bad weather = vreme rea

dreadful weather = vreme groaznica

a fine day = o zi frumoasa

sun = soare

a sunny day = o zi insorita

cloud = nor

cloudy = innorat

rain = ploaie

a rainy day = o zi ploioasa

precipitation = precipitatii

storm = furtuna

stormy weather = vreme furtunoasa

a flash of lightning = un trasnet

a thunder = un tunet

wind = vant

the wind is blowing = bate vantul

snow = zapada

it's snowing = ninge

snowflakes = fulgi de zapada

temperature = temperatura

it's warm = este cald

it's hot = este foarte cald

it's chilly = este racoare

it's cold = este frig

it's freezing = este inghetat

frost = ger


Main prepositions and their use:

at: - indicates the place:

We are at the station.

- indicates the time:

She's coming at 8 o'clock.

- indicates a target:

He threw a rock at me.

- indicates a state:

These are men at work.

by: - signifies near or next to:

The mailbox is by the bus stop.

- indicates the creator of a work:

We've seen a play by William Shakespeare.

- indicates a followed rule:

I sorted the items by category.

- indicates the amount of some progression:

Our stock is up by 10%.

- in the formula x by x, indicates a progression, one x after another:

She read the book page by page.

- indicates the means of transport used:

I went to the seaside by train / by bus / by car / by plane etc.

in: - indicates containment:

There is water in the glass.

- indicates the surrounding:

We are in the city walls.

of: - indicates belonging or association:

This is a friend of mine.

- indicates containment:

Please bring me a cup of coffee.

- indicates material:

This furniture is made of wood.

on: - indicates location:

There's a carpet on the floor.

- indicates the date:

I'll see you on Friday.

- indicates the subject of something:

This is a book on history.

to: - indicates direction:

I'm going to Rome.

- used after certain adjectives, it indicates a relationship:

Don't be cruel to me!

This problem is similar to the one we had last week.


1. Fill in the gaps with the appropriate prepositions:

1. Anna has returned ______ her home town.

2. Are the boys still swimming ______ the pool?

3. The baby spilled the milk ______ the floor.

4. I went home ______ bus.

5. I want a glass _____ milk.

6. I'm reading a novel ______ William Faulkner.

2. Describe each of the four seasons using the words and expressions in the vocabulary section.

3. Translate into Romanian:

1. This is a very harsh winter. Let's go in! I'm freezing.

2. It's raining cats and dogs. I can't leave without an umbrella.

3. There were thunders and flashes of lightening. It was a terrible storm.

4. Look at that funny snowman that those kids are making!

4. Translate into English:

1. Maine voi merge la gara cu autobuzul.

2. Copiii studiaza un roman de Henry James.

3. Janice va ajunge in Canada sambata la ora 5.

4. Te voi urmari pas cu pas.

5. Practice

You are inviting your girlfriend / boyfriend to the theatre. Write down your dialogue. Talk about the programme, about the play that you are going to see, about the actors playing it etc.



~ Are you free for the weekend? ~

modal verbs + making plans


13.1. Reading & Speaking

13.2. Basic Vocabulary

13.3. Grammar Reference


Insusirea cuvintelor si expresiilor referitoare la:

- organizarea planurilor si stabilirea activitatilor pentru petrecerea timpului liber

- folosirea acestora intr-un context adecvat

- introducerea principalelor verbe modale si cunoasterea situatiilor in care ele sunt utilizate


Aceasta lectie cuprinde cele mai uzuale cuvinte si expresii referitoare la organizarea planurilor si stabilirea activitatilor pentru petrecerea timpului liber si folosirea acestora in conversatie, intr-un context adecvat.

Textul contine principalele verbe modale care apar in situatii de utilizare diferita.


Situation: It is Thursday afternoon. Paul and Marissa are talking about their plans for the weekend and they can't seem to decide what to do.

Paul: Can I ask you something?

Marissa: Of course.

Paul: Are you busy tonight?

Marissa: I have something planned but I could.

Paul: I understand. What about the weekend? Are you free then?

Marissa: I don't have anything scheduled. I'm free all weekend. Why? Do you want to do something?

Paul: Let's see.we could go to the cinema. What do you think?

Marissa: Well, we could do that, but we already did that two weeks ago. I feel like doing something different.

Paul: We may go dancing. Do you feel like it?

Marissa: We might do this on Saturday. You know I love to go dancing.

Paul: And tomorrow? Would you like to go the theatre?

Marissa: That sounds good. And maybe after, we could go bowling.

Paul: I would really enjoy that. So, what time shall I pick you up? Is 6 o'clock all right with you?

Marissa: Well, I don't know what to say. Maybe we should meet there at 6.30. There is something I really have to do first. Unless.Never mind. 6 o'clock is fine with me.

Paul: So, it's all settled. It's going to be fun, you'll see.

Marissa: I can't wait for the weekend to come.


  1. Is Marissa free for the weekend?
  2. Does Marisa want to go to the cinema?
  3. What does she want to do this time?
  4. What's Paul's second proposition?
  5. Does Marissa like to go dancing?
  6. What is their plan for Friday?
  7. What does Marissa propose to do after the theatre?
  8. Do they decide to meet at 7 o'clock?
  9. Does Paul offer himself to pick Marissa up?
  10. Are they satisfied with the plans they've made?


Useful words and expressions

Are you busy tonight? - Esti ocupat(a) in seara asta?

Are you free for the weekend? - Esti liber(a) in weekend?

What are you doing this Saturday? - Ce faci sambata asta?

I don't have anything scheduled - Nu am nimic programat/stabilit

I'm free all weekend - Sunt liber(a) pe toata durata weekend-ului

I'm open tomorrow evening - Sunt liber(a) maine seara

Do you want to do something? - Vrei sa facem ceva?

Unfortunatelly, I have plans this weekend - Din pacate, mi-am facut planuri pentru acest weekend

Sorry, I'm kind of busy tonight - Imi pare rau, sunt cam ocupat(a) in seara asta

Let's see . we could go to the cinema - Pai, sa vedem . am putea sa mergem la cinematograf

We may go dancing - Am putea/putem sa mergem la dans

Would you like to go to the theatre? - Ti-ar placea sa mergem la teatru?/Ai vrea/vrei sa mergem la teatru?

We could go bowling - Am putea/putem sa mergem la bowling

Sounds good - Suna bine/sunt de acord

I would really enjoy that - Mi-ar face mare placere sa .


Modal Verbs

The most common modal auxiliaries in English are:











1. Modals form the negative by adding the verb not:

Example: She cannot swim, but she can ride the bike.

2. Modals form the interrogative:

Example: Could you help me, please?

3. Modals don't add -s at the 3rd person singular, at Present Simple:

Example: He might help us.

4. We always use the short infinitive after modals:

Example: You may sit down.


1. Can/Could

Examples: She can paint. (expressing ability)

Can I ask you something? (asking for permission)

They could mean well. (possibility)

2. May/Might

Examples: May I come in? (permission)

I might take you up on that. (possibility)

3. Shall/Should

Examples: Shall we meet in front of the theatre? (suggestion)

Should we agree with him? (asking for advice)

3. Must

Examples: He really must go now. (strong obligation)

You must clean your room.

4. Will/Would

Examples: Will you give me a hand, please? (polite request)

Would you sign here, please? (polite request - more conventional than will)


1. Translate into Romanian:

  1. The film must be starting any minute.
  2. I must leave now.
  3. She can help us.
  4. Could you bring me my coat, please?
  5. You could be right.
  6. Might I interfere in your conversation?
  7. May I join you?
  8. She couldn't have done that.
  9. I would rather go with him.
  10. I was not able to convince her she was wrong.

2. Translate into English:

  1. El va trebui sa plateasca pentru ceea ce a facut.
  2. Stii sa vorbesti englezeste?
  3. Trebuie sa vorbesc cu parintii tai.
  4. Ar trebui sa-ti vizitezi bunicii mai des.
  5. Ce vrei sa mananci astazi?
  6. As dori sa dai muzica mai incet.
  7. Poti sa ma ajuti putin? Nu sunt in stare sa ma descurc singur.
  8. Ar trebui sa-l asculti ce spune. Are dreptate.
  9. Ea nu poate sa conduca.
  10. Nu pot sa rezolv problema asta fara ajutorul vostru.

3. Make up ten sentences with the modals given above.

4. Practice

Divide into groups. Establish appoitments for tomorrow.



~ Let's move in together. ~

countable nouns / uncountable nouns


14.1. Reading & Speaking

14.2. Basic Vocabulary

14.3. Grammar Reference


- insusirea vocabularului referitor la locuinta si mobilier

- dobandirea capacitatii de a folosi in limbajul curent aceste notiuni

- cunoasterea si folosirea corecta a substantivelor cu si fara forma de plural


Aceasta lectie urmareste familiarizarea cu vocabularul englezesc legat de locuinta si mobilier, de obtinerea capacitatii de utilizare a acestuia in limbajul curent, avandu-se in acelasi timp in vedere, si problematica de ordin gramatical a substantivelor cu si fara forma de plural.


Situation: Paul and Marissa have been together for several months now. Their relationship has become more and more stable. Presently, they are both thinking about moving in together, but none of them has the courage to say it out loud. This evening, as they are walking home after a party, while chatting about the food, the drinks, the music, and the people that were there, Paul approaches the subject.

Paul: Marissa. I was thinking. We've been together for a few months now and. you know. I've loved every minute spent with you.

Marissa: I feel the same.

Paul: Since we're getting along so well and we see each other almost every day, why wouldn't we spend more time together.?

Marissa: More time? But I have my classes at the university and you're working now. We're already spending all of our spare time together.

Paul: You're not reading me Marissa! What I was saying actually.

Marissa: Wait! I think I've got it!

Paul and Marissa: Let's move in together!

Paul: This is such a relief! I wasn't sure you wanted this too.

Marissa: Of course I do!

Paul: Great! Oh! By the way, we need some furniture for our new place.

Marissa: Let's just buy a table, a bed, a wardrobe, and a few shelves first and we'll worry about the rest later.

Paul: Well, what about a cosy sofa?

Marissa: And a mirror and.


1. Have Paul and Marissa been together for a long time?

2. What's on their mind?

3. Which one of them finds the courage to open the subject?

4. How does Paul approach the subject?

5. What is Marissa's reaction?

6. What do they need for their new place?

7. Which are the first items that Marissa suggests to buy?

8. Does Paul have anything to add to that list? What about her?


flat = apartament

block of flats = bloc de apartamente

studio = garsoniera

house = casa

my home / my place = locuinta mea

floor = etaj

ground floor = parter

first floor = etajul intai

third floor = etajul al treilea

loft = mansarda

door = usa

window = fereastra

chimney = cos

roof = acoperis

yard = curte

garage = garaj

swimming pool = piscina

cupboard = dulap

wardrobe = dulap de haine

bed = pat

mattress = saltea

pillow = perna

sheet = cearsaf

blanket = patura

shelf = raft

bookcase = biblioteca

bureau = birou

table = masa

dining table = masa de sufragerie

kitchen table = masa de bucatarie

bedside table = noptiera

tablecloth = fata de masa

chair = scaun

armchair = fotoliu

sofa = canapea

water closet = WC

bath = cada de baie

shower = dus

tap = robinet

washbasin / sink = chiuveta

electrical appliances = aparatura electrocasnica

cooker = aragaz

central heating = incalzire centrala

lamp = lampa

power point / plug = priza

wall / grandfather clock = ceas de perete

alarm clock = ceas desteptator

mirror = oglinda

curtains = perdele

blinds = jaluzele

carpet = covor

mat = pres

wastepaper basket = cos de hartii

rubbish bin = galeata de gunoi

dustbin = tomberon

doorbell = sonerie


Countable nouns

Countable nouns refer to things that we can count. They can take either singular or plural form.

- concrete nouns

Examples: There are four chairs at my kitchen table.

I bought a new mat for my front door.

- collective nouns

Examples: She attended three classes today.

London is home to several orchestras.

- some proper nouns

Example: There are many Romanians living in Spain.

Uncountable nouns

Uncountable nouns refer to things that we cannot count. They take only singular form.

- abstract nouns

Example: Her writing shows maturity and intelligence.

- some concrete nouns (when understood in their undivided sense)

Examples: The price of oil has stabilized recently.

May I borrow some rice?

Categories of uncountable nouns:

-          abstract: advice, help, information, knowledge, trouble, work, enjoyment, fun, recreation, relaxation

-          material: meat, rice, bread, cake, coffee, ice cream, water, oil, grass, hair

-          generic: fruit, wildlife, equipment, machinery, furniture, mail, luggage, jewellery, clothing, money

-          non-plurals with -s: mathematics, economics, physics, civics, ethics, news


1. Divide into groups.

Use your dictionaries to find the names of all the rooms in a house.

2. Make up five sentences with countable nouns, and five sentences with uncountable nouns.

3. Translate into Romanian:

1. I didn't find the novel on my bureau. I'll have to look in the bookcase.

2. Would you like to sit on that chair or would you prefer to make yourself comfortable in the armchair?

3. I've just moved to London. I don't have my own place yet. For the moment I've rented a studio.

4. We are living in a block of flats but we are thinking about moving to a house.

4. Translate into English:

1. Nu mai trebuie sa spal vasele. Mi-am cumparat o masina de spalat vase.

2. Diana locuieste intr-un apartament mare, cu patru camere, un hol, o bucatarie si doua bai.

3. Covorul tau este murdar. Ar trebui sa folosesti mai des aspiratorul.

4. N-am dormit bine azi noapte. Salteaua a fost prea tare, iar pernele prea moi.

5. Practice

Describe your room. Write at least 20 lines.



~ What did you do yesterday? ~

past simple + past activities


15.1. Reading & Speaking

15.2. Basic Vocabulary

15.3. Grammar Reference


- fixarea cunostintelor si notiunilor gramaticale legate de forma si folosirea trecutului simplu.

- relatarea corecta a unor activitati cu ajutorul trecutului simplu.


In aceasta lectie s-a insistat asupra aspectelor si notiunilor gramaticale care fac referire la forma si utilizarea trecutului simplu, precum si relatarea unor activitati trecute, incheiate, prin intermediul acestui timp verbal.


Situation: Marissa and her best friend Sarah haven't seen each other for several weeks, due to the fact Sarah was out of town for a business trip. It is Tuesday morning and the girls are chatting over a cup of coffee. Sarah is just telling Marissa about the strange happenings from the previous day.

Marissa: Tell me, what did you do yesterday?

Sarah: Well, yesterday I had a rather busy and unusual day from the moment I woke up in the morning till I got back home late in the evening. First, there was the phone. It didn't stop ringing all day. It seemed like everybody wanted something from me that day. Then, at around 9 o'clock, my cousin Margaret came to visit me. She said she wanted to go for a walk in the park.

Marissa: Your cousin? A walk in the park? But she hates doing that.

Sarah: Exactly. She said she wanted to exercise a bit. So, I put my training suit on, I took the dog and went outside. You know Margaret.she doesn't take no for an answer.

Marissa: I certainly know that. Still, I absolutely love her. She's so funny and pleasant. So, what happened next?

Sarah: At 12 o'clock I got back home. I was already exhausted. Max carried me through the entire park. I wasn't able to keep up with him. I don't understand. Max is usually so lazy.

Marissa: And your cousin? What did she do all this time?

Sarah: She sat on the first bench she laid her eyes on, she bought herself a magazine and she didn't move the whole time we were there. At 2 o'clock I had to go for my dentist appointment, but when I got there my dentist told me that I had the wrong day, though I was absolutely sure it was the right one. Fortunately, somebody cancelled their appointment at the last moment, so he was able to attend me instead.

Marissa: Go on! I can barely wait to hear what happened next.

Sarah: On my way home I stopped to buy the things I needed to cook dinner, I took a taxi and right at that moment I remembered I still had to pick up my coat from the dry-cleaning. Unfortunately, when I got there, it was already closed. At 8 o clock sharp, I finally got home and.

Marissa: And what?

Sarah: My coat was there hanging on the hallstand. I was so amazed. I couldn't believe my eyes. Right next to the phone, there was a note. It said: "I know you are very busy, so I thought this might be helpful for you. See you on Saturday. Love, mother " .


1. What are Marissa and Sarah talking about?

2. How did Sarah's day start?

3. Who came to visit Sarah at 9 o'clock?

4. What did Margaret want to do?

5. Does Margaret enjoy going for walks in the park?

6. Where did Sarah have to go at 2 o'clock?

7. Was the dry-cleaning still open when Sarah got there?

8. What time did she get home?

9. What did Sarah see?

10. Who left her the note by the phone?


rather - destul (de), mai degraba

busy - ocupat, activ

unusual - neobisnuit, iesit din comun

to seem - a parea

to exercise - a face miscare

training suit - trening

certainly - fara indoiala, bineinteles

pleasant - placut

exhausted - epuizat, extrem de obosit

to keep up - a tine pasul, a mentine

lazy - lenes, comod

entire - tot, total

whole - intreg, tot

appointment - intalnire, ora fixata (la dentist, etc.)

to cancel - a anula

to attend - a asista, a se ocupa de

instead - in schimb

barely - abia, doar

dry-cleaning - curatatorie


The Past Simple Tense









went to the theatre










go to the theatre yesterday?








didn't go to the theatre



The normal rule is that regular verbs form their past tense by adding -ed to the short infinitive and irregular verbs form this tense in different ways which must be learnt for each verb in part.

We form the interrogative and the negative past of both regular and irregular verbs with the auxiliary DO (past form - DID) plus the short infinitive of the verb to be conjugated. (Note: the Simple Past Tense is in fact also known as the narrative tense).


1. to denote repeated, habitual actions in the past:

Examples: I went to the cinema every week.

My sister ate an orange a day.

2. to express past actions completed at a specified time:

Examples: She wrote two letters yesterday.

He played tennis last month.

3. to denote actions which occupied a length of time now finished:

Examples: My father taught French for ten years.

4. to enumerate a series of actions which are usually part of a narrative:

Examples: She opened the door, entered the room and took off her coat.


1. Turn the following sentences from the Present Simple Tense into the Past Simple Tense:

1. I usually meet him on my way to school.

2. She always wears red.

3. Her children play in the park every afternoon.

4. Paul drinks a cup of tea every morning.

5. They visit their relatives twice a year.

6. She talks too much.

7. He listens to music in the evening

8. Mary eats an apple every day.

9. His aunt never dresses in pink.

10. My family is composed of five members.

2. Turn the following sentences into negatives:

1. I washed my car last week.

2. She went to the seaside two days ago.

3. He left for Venice yesterday.

4. We moved to Prague in 1995.

5. I was born in 1980.

6. My brother drove to school today.

7. They got married in September.

8. You were here last year.

9. I took care of you all this time.

10. He always loved her.

3. Translate the above sentences into Romanian.

4. Translate into English:

  1. Am mancat o prajitura cu ciocolata ieri.
  2. El a primit o scrisoare de cinci pagini de la sotia sa acum doua luni.
  3. Ai fost la banca lunea trecuta?
  4. Piesa a inceput la ora sapte seara.
  5. Bunicul meu a murit in 1993.
  6. Shakespeare a scris 154 sonete.
  7. Am locuit in San Francisco timp de trei ani.
  8. Barbatul a privit-o, s-a apropiat de ea si i-a dat florile.
  9. M-am ridicat din pat, am coborat scarile si am deschis usa.
  10. El si-a rupt piciorul ieri la scoala.

5. Practice

Write about a strange happening in your life. Use Past Simple.



~ How do you do? ~

copula verbs + basic business terminology


16.1. Reading & Speaking

16.2. Basic Vocabulary

16.3. Grammar Reference


- dobandirea vocabularului necesar in a aborda un eventual partener de afaceri in limba engleza, in vederea stabilirii unui prim contact

- insusirea unui vocabular de baza din domeniul afacerilor

- intrebuintarea corecta in limba engleza a verbelor copulative


Lectia isi propune o scurta introducere in limbajul de baza al lumii afacerilor, avand in vedere in primul rand dobandirea abilitatii de a stabili un prim contact de afaceri. In ceea ce priveste partea de gramatica, atentia noastra se va indrepta asupra folosirii gramatical corecte a verbelor copulative in limba engleza.


Situation: Paul is in Venice. He has received an invitation to attend a conference there. Now he is in the hall with some other participants. They are having a small break. While having a snack or a coffee, they are exchanging impressions about the conference.

Jack Coleman: Quite an expert, the last speaker, don't you think?

Paul: As a matter of fact, I do. I happen to know Mr. Seymour and I've always been impressed with his work.

Jack Coleman: I've seen a couple of his books and they all seem interesting, but the way he speaks on the stage . Well, it's pretty amazing! Now I'm impatient to read them all.

Paul: Well, you should do that. All of his research work is quite impressive.

Jack Coleman: He really seems passionate about his work. I would really like to have the opportunity to talk to him and ask him a few questions.

Paul: I think I might be able to help you. I could introduce you to Mr. Seymour tonight at the cocktail after the conference.

Jack Coleman: That would be great! Oh, by the way! I don't believe we've met. I'm Jack Coleman.

Paul: How do you do Mr. Coleman! I'm Paul Blake.

Jack Coleman: How do you do? Please call me Jack.

Paul: Certainly. Do call me Paul. And . here's my card.

Jack Coleman: Thank you and here's mine.

Paul: Thank you. Look! They're all getting inside. The break must be over.

Jack Coleman: I guess it is. Let's go in.

Paul: OK. See you in the evening then!

Jack Coleman: Very well. Have a nice day!

Paul: You too, Jack!


  1. Where is Paul?
  2. On what purpose is he there?
  3. Who approaches him?
  4. Where do they meet?
  5. What do they exchange impressions about?
  6. What does Paul suggest?
  7. Who introduces himself first?
  8. What do they give each other?


to establish / make a business contact = a stabili un contact de afaceri

to do business with . = a face afaceri cu .

businessman = om de afaceri

businesswoman = femeie de afaceri

businesspeople = oameni de afaceri

business partner = partener de afaceri

partnership = parteneriat

customer = client

prospect / prospective customer = potential client

supplier = furnizor

holding company = societate-mama

subsidiary = filiala

Board of Directors = Consiliu de administratie

manager = director, manager

executive = director executiv

shareholders = actionari

shares = actiuni

wholesaler = angrosist

retailer = detailist

Common abbreviations in English company names:

plc = public limited company = S.A.

Ltd = limited liability = S.R.L.

Inc. (U.S.A.) = incorporated = corporatie constituita legal


Copula verbs

Copulas or copula verbs are the verbs that we use to join an adjective with the subject.

Examples: His intentions seem good.

You look tired.

This cake tastes good.

Some of the most frequent copula verbs are:

appear, be, become, feel, get, go, grow, keep, look, seem, smell, sound, stay, taste, turn etc.

Examples: This player appears promising.

This conference is interesting.

She is becoming smarter.

The girl's teddy bear feels so soft.

We're all getting old.

He's growing bigger and bigger.

I'm going crazy.

Keep quiet, please.

Your perfume smells nice.

That sounds great!

How can you stay so young?

The moon is turning brighter.

Note: Look carefully at the examples above. You will notice that some of the copulas were used to express change (become, get, grow, go, turn), while other copula verbs were used to say that things did not change (keep, stay).


1. Make up 10 sentences using copula verbs.

Two of them must express change, while other two of them will talk about things that do not change.

2. Make up 10 sentences using the words and expressions in the vocabulary section.

3. Translate into Romanian:

  1. We do a lot of business with Pepsi.
  2. This is the main shareholder of the company. He holds 40% of the shares.
  3. The chain of commerce basically includes: the producer, the wholesaler, the retailer and the customer.
  4. This issue will be brought to the attention of the Board of Directors.

4. Translate into English:

  1. Dorim sa stabilim un contact de afaceri cu compania dumneavoastra.
  2. La conferinta au participat oameni de afaceri foarte importanti.
  3. Directorul nostru a luat decizia sa deschidem o filiala in New York.
  4. Da-mi voie sa ti-l prezint pe David Johnson, unul din cei mai de incredere parteneri de afaceri ai mei.

5. Practice

Role play:

Situation: You are at a trade fair in London. You work in advertising. You want to establish a few contacts with prospective customers.

Tasks: 1.You are approaching two different persons. Write down a short script with one of your colleagues.

2. Play the roles in your script successively: you are approaching your colleague and vice versa.



~ A telephone conversation ~

Wh- question words + telephone language


17.1. Reading & Speaking

17.2. Basic Vocabulary

17.3. Grammar Reference


- insusirea principalelor notiuni si expresii legate de stabilirea si fixarea unei intalniri de afaceri.

- introducerea limbajului specific folosit in timpul unei conversatii telefonice de afaceri.

- fixarea cunostintelor referitoare la utilizarea celor mai uzuale cuvinte interogative.


Lectia cuprinde principalele notiuni si expresii folosite la stabilirea si fixarea unei intalniri de afaceri, precum si vocabularul specific unei conversatii telefonice de afaceri.

S-a pus accent pe prezentarea si folosirea corecta intr-un context dat, a celor mai uzuale cuvinte interogative.


Situation: It has been a month since the conference in Venice. Mr. Jack Coleman calls Paul to make an appointment. They settle for the following Wednesday at 2 p.m.

Jack Coleman: Hello. Paul? This is Jack Coleman.

Paul: Oh, hello, Jack. I didn't recognise your voice. How nice to hear from you again. How are you?

Jack Coleman: I'm fine, thank you. And you?

Paul: I can't complain. Things are going well.

Jack Coleman: The reason I'm calling is to ask if you are available to discuss a business matter I'm very interested in.

Paul: Certainly. Could you give me more details?

Jack Coleman: Well, perhaps we could get together to talk about it.

Paul: Of course. I believe I'll be open some time next week. When would you like us to meet?

Jack Coleman: Great. Let's make an appointment. Would Monday at 12.30 be fine with you?

Paul: I'm afraid I can't make it on Monday. It is an extremely busy day for me.

Jack Coleman: I see. What about Wednesday, let's say at 2 p.m.? Are you free then?

Paul: Let me have a look at my agenda. Yes, Wednesday would be just perfect. I don't have anything scheduled that afternoon.

Jack Coleman: O.K. I'll see you then. I'm glad you've agreed to meet me. I really want your opinion on this.

Paul: Where shall we meet?

Jack Coleman: Maybe the Royal Inn? Is that all right with you?

Paul: Wonderful. Good-bye, Mr. Coleman.

Jack Coleman: Good-bye, Paul.


1. Who does Paul get a call from?

2. Is Mr. Jack Coleman Paul's employer?

3. What is the reason for Mr. Coleman's phone call?

4. Does Paul agree to meet with Mr. Coleman?

5. What day does he suggest first?

6. Is Paul available on Monday?

7. Do they settle for Friday morning?

8. Do they change the day of their meeting?

9. What time do they finally agree upon?

10. What place do they decide to meet?


appointment/meeting - intalnire

agenda/schedule/ - agenda, program

to call/to phone - a telefona

to make/to fix an appointment - a stabili, a fixa o intalnire

to be available/open/free - a fi disponibil, liber

to get together/to meet - a se intalni

to schedule - a programa

Hello. This is/It's. - Buna ziua. Sunt.(urmat de numele persoanei)

How nice to hear from you - Ma bucur/Ce bine imi pare sa va aud

How are you? - Ce mai faceti?

I'm fine, thank you - Sunt bine, multumesc

And you? - Dumneavoastra?

Are you available/free on.? - Sunteti liber/disponibil pe.?

I'm afraid I can't make it on. - Nu cred ca ajung/Nu ne putem intalni.

What about/How about..(day) - Atunci, ce ziceti de.?

Is that all right with you? - Sunteti de acord?/ Va convine.?

I'll see you then - Ne vedem la ora stabilita/atunci


Wh- question words

1. Person

Examples: Who is going to cook dinner today?

Who is he talking to?

2. Time

Examples: When did you finish school?

When was she born?

3. Place

Examples: Where are you from?

Where can I find a gas station?

4. Purpose

Examples: Why did they lie to me?

Why don't you tell me the real reason you are here?

5. Manner

Examples: How do you get back from work?

How can we help him solve this problem?

6. Action/object/idea

Examples: What are you doing with that register?

What's your job?


1. Translate into Romanian:

1. Who is that man standing there by the elevator? I haven't seen him here before.

2. Who is going to attend our clients?

3. What are you talking about? I can't believe he said such a thing about us.

4. What is the subject of our meeting?

5. Where is the head office of that company located?

6. Where is my briefcase? I can't seem to find it.

7. When can I schedule my next appointment?

8. When is he going to talk to my business associate? It's getting very late.

9. Why don't you finish your project? You only have two days left.

10. How do you know if you're doing the right thing?

2. Translate into English:

1. Care este capitala Elvetiei?

2. Cine este la telefon? Nu va aud prea bine.

3. Alo. Pot vorbi cu domnul Morrison, va rog?

4. Putem amana intalnirea noastra pana maine?

5. Cum putem sa aflam daca el mai este inca in oras?

6. De ce nu-l rogi pe seful tau sa-ti dea o zi libera?

7. Unde imi sunt ochelarii? Erau aici pe noptiera.

8. Saptamana asta am foarte mult de lucru.

9. Nu putem sa luam o astfel de decizie la telefon.

10. Trebuie sa ne intalnim joi la ora 3.

3. Make up sentences with the following words and phrases:

calendar, to make a phone call, arrangement, to have a busy schedule, to cancel a meeting, to leave a message, to dial, tomorrow, to confirm, to be available.

4. Complete the following phone conversation:

A: Good afternoon. This is John Carter from A&A.

B: .....................

A: Could I speak to Mr. Lewis, please?

B: .....................

A: Oh, I see. It's just that I really have to talk to him.

B: .....................

A: Yes, please. Tell him I won't be able to make it on Thursday. I have to leave town for a couple of days.

B: ....................

A: Yes, thank you very much. I'll call him later. Good-bye.


5. Practice

Work in pairs. Write down your own dialogue in which you fix a meeting with a business partner over the telephone.



~A lunchtime appointment ~

the imperative + business communications


18.1. Reading & Speaking

18.2. Basic Vocabulary

18.3. Grammar Reference


- desfasurarea unei intalniri de afaceri

- cunoasterea principalelor forme de comunicare in afaceri

- cunoasterea si folosirea corecta in limba engleza a modului imperativ


In cadrul acestui capitol, urmarim modul in care se deruleaza o intalnire de afaceri, avand in vedere, in acelasi timp, enumerarea si definirea principalelor forme de comunicare din lumea afacerilor. Sectiunea de gramatica va face referire la modul imperativ si folosirea lui corecta in limba engleza.


Situation: It's Wednesday, lunchtime. As established previously over the phone, Jack Coleman and Paul get together. They are at the restaurant.

Paul: It's very nice to see you again. How are you?

Jack: I'm very well, thank you. And you?

Paul: Could be worse, I suppose. How's business?

Jack: Going well, thank you. We've just opened a subsidiary in Paris and I've been in charge of the whole project.

Paul: It must have been challenging.

Jack: Yes, that's true. But it all turned out all right and now the satisfaction is much greater than the effort.

Paul: I'm happy to hear this.

Jack: Thank you. Listen! I would like to know more about your company. Perhaps we might start doing some business together sometime. As for me, I'll provide all the information you need to know about us.

Paul: That would be interesting.

Jack: I will send you an e-mail or a fax, or even a presentation CD.

Paul: OK. I'll do the same. And after going through the materials, we can talk over the phone and make another appointment.

Waiter: May I take your order, gentlemen?

Jack: Yes, thank you. And Paul, let's forget about business for the moment! One has to find the time to enjoy the simple pleasures in life .

Paul: You're right. Let's focus on our lunch then!


  1. What day is it?
  2. Who does Paul meet for lunch?
  3. What has Jack been doing recently?
  4. Is he happy with the results? Why?
  5. What does Jack propose?
  6. What does Paul think about it?
  7. How does Jack decide to send Paul the information?
  8. What does Paul suggest?


Here are the most common business communications:




phone call


phone call

The fax is mainly used when a quick written response is required.

The e-mail is the most currently used business communication. It may contain little, as well as elaborated information, according to the situation.

The letter, although mostly replaced by e-mails nowadays, is generally used when there is no urgency or when full details are required.

The phone call is also used on a daily basis in business, internally and externally, mainly to communicate brief information or to make appointments.

The memo is an internal business communication generally used to pass information from one colleague to another.


The imperative



the base form of the verb


do not / don't + the base form of the verb


do + the base form of the verb


1. to give orders

Examples: Stop smoking in here!

Get out!

2. to give warnings

Examples: Be careful! You might fall.

Watch out! The train is coming!

3. to make informal offers or invitations

Examples: Come visit us sometime.

Have a coffee.

4. emphatic use - common in polite requests, complaints and apologies

Examples: Do sit down.

Do try to be a little nicer to her.

Do forgive me. It was not my intention to offend you.

5. to make suggestions - let's + the base form of the verb

Examples: Let's take a seat.

Let's go out tonight.


1. Translate into Romanian:

  1. Stop staring at me like that! You're making me feel uncomfortable.
  2. Finish your meal and let's go! We're going to be late for work.
  3. Get out of my room this instant!
  4. Have a seat. You must be tired after such a long journey.

2. Translate into English:

  1. Taci! Nu mai vreau sa aud inca o data povestea asta.
  2. Haide sa mergem la mare in aceasta vara !
  3. Nu te mai juca cu foarfeca, Mike ! E periculos.
  4. Ai grija ! Daca te joci cu focul, s-ar putea sa te arzi.

3. Practice I:

Paul and Jack receive the materials from each other; they both read them and decide to develop a business relationship. Imagine and write down their telephone conversation.

4. Practice II:

You are the sales representative for a health care production plant. The plant has recently developed a new product: a chewable candy for children, rich in minerals and vitamins.

  1. Write a short memo for one of your colleagues, telling him that you need his collaboration in launching the advertising campaign.
  2. Write an e-mail for the plant's customers, telling them about the new product that is about to be launched on the market. Describe the product and mention at least three of its advantages.



~Happy birthday~

If - clauses + holidays


19.1. Reading & Speaking

19.2. Basic Vocabulary

19.3. Grammar Reference


- insusirea vocabularului referitor la urari si sarbatori in limba engleza

- dobandirea abilitatii de-a utiliza vocabularul englezesc referitor la sarbatori si sarbatoriri

- exprimarea conditionalului in limba engleza


Acest ultim capitol se va referi la sarbatori si sarbatoriri, avand in centru aniversarea Marissei. In acest context, studentii se vor familiariza atat cu urarile si celebrarea unei zile de nastere, cat si cu vocabularul englezesc specific celorlalte tipuri de sarbatori si aniversari. Sectiunea de gramatica va avea in vedere exprimarea conditionalului in limba engleza.


Situation: Time has gone by. Paul is busy building a career. Business is going well. Marissa is about to finish school. Everything goes all right for their family and friends.

Today is Marissa's birthday. They've just had lunch with her family and now they're home in their apartment, preparing for a little party with their best friends, Mark and Sarah. The doorbell is ringing.

Paul: You'd better get that, Marissa. Your guests must be arriving.

Marissa: OK. Paul. I'm coming!

Sarah: Hi Marissa! Happy birthday!

Mark: Happy birthday!

Marissa: Come in guys! Make yourselves comfortable. Mark, thank you for the lovely flowers!

Mark: You're welcome! But prepare yourself because there's more to come.

Marissa: I'm happy just to have you here.

Sarah: I've got a little something for you too.

Marissa: Thank you! This bracelet is just beautiful! And the book .! Just what I needed. If you didn't bring it as a present, I would have bought it myself. I saw it in a bookshop last week.

Mark: And this is my present for you.

Marissa: What a wonderful carpet! Very exotic.

Mark: I brought it from my last trip to Indonesia. I thought it might look good in your new apartment.

Marissa: Thank you very much! It's lovely. Hey! There's our cook!

Mark: Hi Paul!

Sarah: Hi!

Paul: Hi guys!

Mark: What have you brought us there?

Paul: You'll have to wait and see. All I'm saying is that it's spaghetti, and that it's incredibly tasty.

Sarah: Mm, sounds good!

Paul: Can I get you anything to drink? We've got mineral water, orange juice, tea, coffee, coke .

Mark: Forget about all that! Bring some alcohol man! We must drink to your girlfriend's health, happiness and prosperity!


  1. What has Paul been doing lately?
  2. How about Marissa?
  3. What are they celebrating today?
  4. Where does the party take place?
  5. Who are Marissa's guests?
  6. What has Mark brought for Marissa?
  7. How about Sarah?
  8. Who cooked for Marissa's birthday and what did he cook?
  9. What does Paul offer his guests to drink?
  10. What does Mark suggest?


holiday = zi de sarbatoare, vacanta

bank holiday (BE) / legal holiday (AE) = sarbatoare legala

The main holidays:

New Year's Eve = Ajunul Anului Nou, Revelionul

New Year's Day = Anul Nou

Easter = Pasti

Good Friday = Vinerea Mare

Easter Sunday = Duminica Pastilor

Easter Monday = a doua zi de Pasti

May Day (BE) / Labor Day (AE) = Ziua Muncii

Whitsun = Rusalii

Independence Day (AE) = Ziua Independentei

Thanksgiving Day (AE) = Ziua Recunostintei

Christmas = Craciun

Christmas Eve = Ajunul Craciunului

Celebrations and special occasions:

to celebrate = a sarbatori

celebration = sarbatoare, sarbatorire

ceremony = ceremonie

the wedding ceremony = ceremonia nuntii

festivity = festivitate

feast = ospat

birthday = zi de nastere

anniversary = aniversare

silver / gold wedding = nunta de argint / aur

baptism = botez

funeral = inmormantare

Good wishes for special occasions:

Merry Christmas! = Craciun Fericit!

Happy New Year! = An Nou Fericit!

Happy Easter! = Paste Fericit!

Happy birthday! = La multi ani!

Happy anniversary!

Common toasts:

To your health! = In sanatatea ta!

Cheers! = Noroc!

Here's to you! = Pentru tine!

Here's to your new home! = Pentru noua ta casa!


If - clauses

The main types of if - clause:

1. to express a probable action in the future

if + the simple present tense + will / can / may / might

Examples: If you wake up before 7.30, you will get to school in time.

I can help you if you want me to.

If you don't arrive at the exact hour, you may have to wait.

If you don't take your coat you might catch a cold.

2. if + the simple past tense + would / could / might

2.1. to express a less probable action in the future

Examples: If you took the train as I told you, you would be home by now.

If I saved more money, I could buy that car.

If he studied more, he might pass the exam.

2.2. to express an unreal action in the present

Examples: If I were in your shoes, I would be nicer to him.

If I were rich, I could go on expensive trips around the world.

If she dressed better, she might look prettier.

3. to express an impossible action in the past

if + the past perfect tense + would have / could have / might have

Examples: If it had snowed in the weekend, children would have made snowmen.

If I hadn't been at work, I could have gone shopping with you.

I might have told him about the show if I had known about it myself.


1. Make up two conditional sentences of each type, as presented in the grammar section.

2. Translate into Romanian:

  1. If I arrive on time tomorrow, I will go to the concert.
  2. I can help you with your project if you come over to my house.
  3. I may be a little late if I don't catch the bus.
  4. If he arrives out of the blue, you might be surprised.
  5. If you took my advice, you would be a student by now.
  6. If he practiced more, he could win the competition.
  7. He might be able to convince her if he only tried harder.
  8. If I were you, I would talk to the police and tell them everything.
  9. If he were taller, he could play basketball a lot better.
  10. If you weren't so selfish, you might have more friends.
  11. I would have gone to the seaside last summer if the weather had been better.
  12. If he hadn't been so busy, he could have come to the party with us.
  13. She might have danced with you if you had asked her to.

3. Translate into English:

Nu stiu de ce sunt oamenii atat de rai. Daca as putea, i-as face pe toti mai buni. Daca as fi o floare, mi-as darui frumusetea celor tristi. Daca as avea timp, as face toti copiii sa zambeasca. Daca as putea sa zbor, as pluti peste munti si vai sa raspandesc mesajul meu de pace. Daca as fi fericit, as canta. Daca as fi trist, as canta . Daca as fi mai curajos, as cuceri muntii ca sa fiu mai aproape de cer.

4. Make up ten sentences using words and expressions from the vocabulary section.

5. Practice:

Divide into groups. Choose a special event. Write a short script. Play the roles of hosts and guests according to your script.



Choose the right answer:

1. She . an English teacher.

a. are

b. is

c. am

2. I . 20 years old.

a. have

b. is

c. am

3. You . not from Prague.

a. come

b. am

c. are

4. He is happy to see us, . he?

a. isn't

b. is

c. not

5. They . here, are they?

a. are

b. were

c. aren't

6. It is 10 a.m.; you say:

a. hello

b. bye

c. good morning

7. You only say "Good night":

a. late at night

b. in the evening

c. when you are tired

8. "See you soon" means:

a. Ce mai faceti?

b. Buna ziua

c. Pe curand

9. "Good-bye" is used:

a. when you arrive

b. when you meet someone

c. when you leave

10. "How do you do" is answered with:

a. hello

b. how do you do

c. bye

11. There is . bread in the cupboard.

a. some

b. any

c. not

12. There aren't . eggs in the refrigerator.

a. some

b. any

c. twelve

13. How . oranges have you got in your hand?

a. much

b. lot

c. many

14. There isn't . salt left in the salt cellar.

a. many

b. much

c. so

15. There are . cookies on the table.

a. a few

b. any

c. much

16. I want to drink a glass of .

a. honey

b. water

c. chocolate

17. Could I look at the ., please?

a. menu

b. knife

c. tip

18. The . is so tasty in this restaurant.

a. drinks

b. bill

c. food

19. Don't eat the . yet. It's still hot.

a. soup

b. tea

c. butter

20. Let me have a look at the .

a. table

b. wine list

c. window

21. I usually . to school.

a. walk

b. walks

c. walk's

22. She never . yellow clothes.

a. wear

b. wear's

c. wears

23. . he like listening to music?

a. does

b. do

c. don't

24. They . like poetry.

a. doesn't

b. don't

c. do'not

25. We often . to the theatre.

a. gone

b. go

c. goes

26. What is your favourite .?

a. hobby

b. hobbies

c. movies

27. Do you . going to the seaside?

a. enjoy

b. loves

c. not like

28. My sister can't . winter.

a. stand

b. see

c. seek

29. I'm . of playing basketball.

a. a big fan

b. don't like

c. love

30. What do you do in your .?

a. spare time

b. weekend

c. weekdays

31. I . to Egypt yet.

a. have

b. haven't been

c. has

32. She has seen this movie . this year.

a. twice

b. never

c. yesterday

33. He . in this company for three years.

a. worked

b. works

c. has worked

34. . you washed your car?

a. Did

b. Have

c. Are

35. John . to China.

a. has gone

b. went

c. is going

36. Swedish people live in:

a. Sweden

b. Switzerland

c. Spain

37. Turkish is the national language of:

a. Taiwan

b. Tibet

c. Turkey

38. Lisbon is the capital of:

a. Spain

b. Portugal

c. Italy

39. British people speak:

a. French

b. English

c. German

40. Polish people live in:

a. Poland

b. France

c. Norway

41. Do you . a pet?

a. has

b. have

c. haven't

42. Has your sister . any hobbies?

a. got

b. get

c. gets

43. My best friend . a car.

a. haven't got

b. don't have

c. doesn't have

44. My parents . a beautiful house at the countryside.

a. has got

b. have got

c. hasn't got

45. Don't bother him. He . a terrible headache.

a. 's got

b. got

c. have got

46. My . has five members.

a. family

b. families

c. family's

47. His little . is five years old.

a. mother

b. father

c. sister

48. Are these your two .?

a. sons

b. son

c. son's

49. I don't have any .

a. brothers or sisters

b. brother or sister

c. brothers and sister

50. Her . name is Laura.

a. daughters

b. daughter

c. daughter's

51. I have just bought . bars of chocolate. Would you like some?

a. to

b. too

c. two

52. Mother usually drinks . cups of coffee a day.

a. three

b. tree

c. trees

53. My grandfather is . years old.

a. sixty

b. sixties

c. sixteen

54. This is the . time he reminds me to close the window.

a. for

b. forth

c. four

55. He was the . to tell me I was wrong.

a. firsts

b. first

c. first's

56. I waited for . an hour in the rain, but he didn't show up.

a. half

b. one

c. two

57. We have decided to meet at .

a. none

b. no

c. noon

58. Can you tell me .

a. time is?

b. what time?

c. the time?

59. It is very late. It is almost .

a. midnight

b. midday

c. noon

60. It is . eight o'clock.

a. near

b. nearly

c. nearest

61. What size is . coat over there?

a. this

b. that

c. these

62. Are you comfortable in . shoes?

a. these

b. this

c. that

63. I don't like . book. I won't read it anymore.

a. those

b. these

c. this

64. Are . glasses on the table yours?

a. that

b. those

c. this

65. . painting in front of me is very beautiful.

a. this

b. that

c. these

66. How . is that red dress?

a. many

b. more

c. much

67. These gloves cost twenty pounds. They are rather.

a. expensive

b. cheap

c. free

68. Can you tell me the . of those blue trousers?

a. prices

b. prize

c. price

69. This hat is only seven pounds. It is very .

a. dear

b. cheap

c. expensive

70. Hand me that long black skirt from the coat hanger. I can't see its . from here.

a. colour

b. price tag

c. length

71. We haven't got any food left. . cupboard in the kitchen is empty.

a. the

b. a

c. an

72. I want to eat . orange.

a. some

b. a

c. an

73. Give me . pencil, please.

a. a

b. an

c. any

74. He is . funniest friend I've ever had.

a. the

b. a

c. an

75. She is . architect

a. the

b. an

c. a

76. It's very cold outside. Don't forget your.

a. scarf

b. muffler

c. sandals

77. Have you seen my .? They were here on the table yesterday.

a. slippers

b. gloves

c. shoes

78. He doesn't like that pair of blue .

a. training suit

b. trousers

c. earrings

79. Could I borrow your .? It's raining.

a. sun glasses

b. gloves

c. umbrella

80. She looks wonderful in this lovely red .

a. suit

b. gown

c. coat

81. His car is very . . He'll have to buy a new one.

a.       red

b.      beautiful

c.       old

82. Clarissa is twenty years old. She is so . .

a.       young

b.      old

c.       nice

83. Your . is on the bed.

a. dress red

b. red dress

c. a red dress

84. Your cousin is so nice, kind and . .

a. upset

b. bitter

c. funny

85. Give me that . purse on the chair, please.

a. black and leather

b. black leather

c. leather

86. What are you doing? Why are you . with your sister?

a. fighting

b. fight

c. fights

87. Don't disturb her! She's . at the moment.

a. sleeps

b. sleep

c. sleeping

88. Why are you . at me like that? I didn't do anything wrong.

a. look

b. looks

c. looking

89. What are you . on Saturday? Do you have anything planed?

a. doing

b. do you do

c. do

90. You can't go out now! It's . .

a. rains

b. raining

c. rain

91. What do you do? .

a. I'm a teacher.

b. I'm fine, thanks.

c. I'm cooking.

92. . to be a nurse. I like taking care of sick people.

a. I go

b. I'm not going

c. I'm going

93. I love writing novels. My dream is to become a . .

a. plumber

b. sailor

c. writer

94. I have a terrible toothache. I need to go to the . .

a. dentist's

b. dentist

c. dentists

95. I would like to go for a walk. It's so . and sunny.

a. cold

b. warm

c. cloudy

96. Bring me that black notebook . the desk.

a. at

b. on

c. to

97. Is there any coffee left . the cup?

a. on

b. in

c. to

98. I don't feel like going out. It's too . I guess I'll wait for the rain to stop.

a. cold and wet

b. hot and sunny

c. dry

99. I'm going . Paris. Are you coming with me?

a. for

b. to

c. in

100. We are meeting Helen . 6 o'clock.

a. at

b. for

c. on

101. You can . the door.

a. open

b. opens

c. to open

102. She . have heard the news.

a. mights

b might

c. might's

103. He . say such horrible things.

a. must

b. must to

c. mustn't

104. I ask you a question?

a. Can to

b. Can

c. Cannot

105. . she answer that?

a. Should

b. Shoulds


106. Is there any bread left in the .?

a. fridge

b. wardrobe

c. cupboard

107. Let's buy that lovely blue . for our living room.

a. carpet

b. mirror

c. door

108. I live on the second .

a. flower

b. flour

c. floor

109. Do you live in a house or in a ?

a.       building

b.      farm

c.       block of flats

110. I'm too . to go out tonight.

a. relaxed

b. exhausted

c. happy

111. She. an entire bar of chocolate yesterday.

a. has eaten

b. ate

c. have eaten

112. He . his leg last week.

a. broke

b. has broken

c. have broken

113. This ice-cream . great.

a. taste

b. taste's

c. tastes

114. kind of food do you most enjoy?

a. Who

b. When

c. What

115. . with me! Now!

a. Don't come

b. Come

c. Comes

116. If I were you, I . forgive her.

a. will

b. would

c. was

117. If he . tomorrow, we will go the theatre.

a. will come

b. comes

c. coming

118. I guess he'll send you an .

a. fax

b. e-mail

c. memo

119. Don't forget to buy a present for Marissa's .

a. birthday

b. arrival

c. holiday

120. Don't interrupt them! They are . an appointment.

a. doing

b. fixing

c. taking


  1. DUTESCU, DAN, Engleza fara profesor, Ed. Moldova, Iasi, 1994

  1. EASTWOOD, John, MACKIN, Ronald, A Basic English Grammar, Oxford University Press, 1993

  1. FIELD, JOHN, English Step by Step (Limba Engleza Pas cu Pas), BBC English, Ed. Coresi, Bucuresti, 1993

  1. HOFFMANN, Hans G., HOFMANN MARION, Engleza tematica, Bucuresti, Ed. Niculescu, 2005

  1. LEVITCHI, LEON, Gramatica limbii engleze, Ed. Teora, 2001

  1. LUPULEASA, RADU, English in Communication, Ed. Polirom, 2003

  1. MURPHY, RAYMOND, English Grammar in Use, Cambridge University Press, 1992

  1. PAIDOS, CONSTANTIN, Gramatica limbii engleze, Vol. I, Ed. Institutul European, Iasi, 1995

  1. SOARS, Liz, John, New Headway, Oxford University Press, 2000

  1. SWAN, Michael, Basic English Usage, Oxford University Press, 1993

  1. VOLLAIRE, Claude, Gramatica limbii engleze cu exercitii, Bucuresti, Ed. Teora, 1999

  1. BANTAS, ANDREI, Dictionar englez-roman, roman-englez, Ed. Teora, 2004

  1. UNIVERSITATEA DIN TIMISOARA, Limba si Literatura Engleza, editia a II-a revazuta si imbunatatita, Ed. Amarcord, Timisoara, 1996

  1. ***, English for Business and Administration, Cavallioti, 1997

  1. ***, Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary, Oxford University Press, 1991

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