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Perfect future in the past

Gramatica

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Perfect future in the past

Este o varianta a lui Perfect Future, care are urmatoarea forma:

Affirmative: Subiect + should (pt. pers. I, sg, pl.) + have + participiul

trecut al verbului de conjugat

Subiect + would (pt. celelalte persoane) + have + participiul trecut al verbului de conjugat

ATENTIE: Participiul trecut al verbului de conjugat este forma a treia a verbelor neregulate sau forma terminata in -ed a verbelor regulate.

Model: to be to play

I should have been I should have played

You would have been You would have played

He would have been He would have played

She would have been She would have played

It would have been It would have played

We should have been We should have played

You would have been You would have played

They would have been They would have played

Negative: Subiect + should (pt. pers. I, sg, pl.) + not + have + participiul trecut al verbului de conjugat

Subiect + would (pt. celelalte persoane) + not + have +

participiul trecut al verbului de conjugat

Model: to be I should not have beenàI shouldn't have been

You would not have beenàYou wouldn't have been He would not have beenàHe wouldn't have been

She would not have beenàShe wouldn't have been

It would not have beenàIt wouldn't have been

We should not have beenàWe shouldn't have been

You would not have beenàYou wouldn't have been

They would not have beenàThey wouldn't have been

Interrogative: Should (pt. pers. I, sg, pl.) + subiect + have + participiul verbului de conjugat



Would (pt. celelalte persoane) + subiect + have +

participiul verbului de conjugat

Model: to be to play

Should I have been? Should I have played?

Would you have been? Would you have played?

Would he have been? Would he have played?

Would she have been? Would she have played?

Would it have been? Would it have played?

Should we have been? Should we have played?

Would you have been? Would you have played?

Would they have been? Would they have played?

Timpul Perfect Future in the Past se traduce astfel:

1. Viitor anterior (voi fi mers, voi fi fost,) in propozitii secundare care au ca regenta o propozitie la trecut. Este putin folosit in astfel de situatii in vorbire.

Model: Mi-a spus ca se va fi dus deja la mare.


He told me that he would have already gone to the seaside.


2. Conditional perfect (as fi mers, ar fi mers, as fi fost, .)

Model: He would have gone to the seaside but he had no money.

El s-ar fi dus la mare dar nu a avut bani.

OBSERVA}IE: In limba engleza, verbul auxiliar (care ajuta la formarea timpurilor perfecte) este to have, spre deosebire de limba romana, unde acesta este a fi. Astfel, pentru a spune:

sa fi mers

englezii folosesc:

to have gone

La fel ca si:

as fi mers


should have gone

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