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Body Abilities Specific to Competitions during the Physical Education Class

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Body Abilities Specific to Competitions during the Physical Education Class

As an instructive-educational process, the Physical Education class has an organized character; it is a reciprocal process which submits the students to a series of permanent actions, in agreement with the Physical Education's objectives regarding the perfecting of the physical development and of improving the physical state.



As an incontestable reality concerning the way of life adopted by the youngsters in universities, Physical Education classes presume various shapes of manifesting but also an increasing number of skilled students, willing to value their physical condition, body abilities and knowledge in the current and systematic practice of the Physical Education classes or through the organizing system of university competitions.

Key words: lesson, body skills, sport events

Contents: Competitions, through a wide range of technical-tactical methods, present a dynamic and spectacular character, therefore enjoying the audience and participation of an ever increasing number of students. Sport competitions have a series of characteristics and functions emphasized by modern pedagogy through the following:

  • Participating at these collective sport activities includes the assumption of certain roles and following a set of given rules;
  • Sport events offer the required conditions for establishing interpersonal relations;
  • Sport events contribute to the diversity of the interpersonal relations between the students, to their mobilization towards the group's life and activity;
  • Sport events include competitive relations and take place under the form of competitions, observing not only precise roles but also a severe regulation;

Extracted from the observations and researches made until the present days, it has been established that the moment of passing from pupil to student encounters the young:

Under the aspect of the physical condition's manifesting level: as a group with certain top elements in the sport branch, over 15% of the students are under the medium level of physical development specific to this age, having the tendency of inaction or even a decrease of the general resistance and force index, as compared with the previous generations;

Under the aspect of teaching and forming certain body abilities and skills specific to a series of sport branches: 60% of the students have a reasonable level of manifesting them;

Being in the situation of choosing for activities in which the sustaining of sub-maximum, maximum and of long standing are minimum (without the series of exercises for developing a running resistance, and without the gymnastics exercises; aerobic and up keeping gymnastics and sport events are preferred);

For sport events, in the training process is recommended the simultaneous landing of both the attack and defense actions, making easier the reciprocal game based on repeating it as often as possible. During the training there will be taught gradually theoretical concepts of the game regulation. Increasing the efficiency and the intensity of the Physical Education lesson through repeating every lesson is obtained through the active use of frontal and pair work. In teaching the technical elements regarding these sport events, the period of analytical exercise of these procedures will be as short as possible, the main focus being put on the correct assimilation of the important elements: assimilating the basic technical-tactical procedures of the game, with a clear distinction of the final process (shooting at the basket, shooting at the gate, attacking the net), developing the skill of applying the basic technical-tactic procedures during the game with a decreased effect and simplified rules, accomplishing the ability of making a reciprocal game with a complete team and following the game regulation.

Methods used for assimilating/perfecting the body abilities specific to the basketball game:

Throwing the ball up and catching it, 6 - 8 x, groups in 4 lines, students are positioned face to face at a 3m distance, 45 sec working time, 20 sec break.

Throwing the ball towards a wall and catching it, 5-6m distance, working time 2-3 minutes.

Throwing the ball with both hands from the chest, students are grouped in two lines sitting face to face, working time 2-3 minutes.

Dribbling with the right hand and with the left hand on the spot, working time 45-60 sec, working formation 2 lines sitting face to face.

Dribbling with the right hand and with the left hand while walking, working time 30-45 sec, working with 6-8 balls.

Dribbling with the right hand and with the left hand while walking and running, working time 1-2 minutes, working with 6-8 balls.

Dribbling with the right hand and with the left hand while walking and running by avoiding the obstacles positioned with a 2m distance from one another, working time 1-2 minutes, working with 6-8 balls.

Dribbling with the right hand and with the left hand while walking and running by avoiding the obstacles positioned in zigzag at a 2-3m distance , working time 1-2 minutes, working with 6-8 balls.

Dribbling with the right hand and with the left hand while walking and running by avoiding the obstacles positioned in zigzag at a 2-3m distance or in straight line and performing a turn before passing the obstacle by, working time 1-2 minutes, working with 6-8 balls.

Throwing the at the basket with a hand from the spot, 15-20 throws are performed from a semi-circle 2m away from the basket, working with as much balls as possible.

Throwing the ball at the basket with a hand by dribbling from under the panel, 10-15 throws are performed, working with as much balls as possible.

Throwing the ball at the basket with a hand by jumping, 10-15 throws are performed, working with as much balls as possible.

Catching and passing the ball with both hands from the chest, passing with the surface, from above the head, with a hand at the shoulder, followed by walking, 10-15 times for each procedure, two lines face to face, each pair has a ball, 20-25 sec break.

Passing the ball while running, stopping in one moment, turning, working distance 10 m, working formation in 4 lines, 10-15 repeating each.

Methods of assimilating/perfecting the body skills specific to the badminton game

Grabbing the racket in the palm of the hand, in a position that is parallel with the surface; working the fist joint and the forearm with the racket, hitting the shuttlecock on the vertical, at different heights; successive hits with the change of the right and left hand hutting position; working in pairs, 5-10 x for each type of exercise, 25-30 sec break.

Assimilating the service without the shuttlecock, assimilating the correct arm position; synchronizing the activity of the hitting arm with the fall of the shuttlecock and with the hitting time at the level of the haunch; performing by alternating the high service on the left and on the right side; 15-20 x for each type of exercise, working in pairs, 25-30 sec break.

Hits with following the classic "star" scheme in the centre of the field; returning in the centre of the field is compulsory; 10-15 x, working in pairs, 25-30 sec break.

Hitting the shuttlecock passed by the partner on the right and with the above mentioned scheme, 3-5m working distance, 20-25 x, 30 sec break.

Hitting the shuttlecock passed by the partner on the left and with the above mentioned scheme, 3-5m working distance, 20-25 x, 30 sec break.

Successive right and left hits, moving forward and backwards; high service -hit in the upper right- hit in the lower right -hit in the lower left -hit in the upper left -hit in the lower left, in pairs, 25-30 x, 30 sec break.

Short-moving service and hit in the upper right; high service -hit in the upper right -hit in the side left - moving and hit in the upper right; in pairs, 25-30 x, 25-30 sec break.

Reciprocal game on the entire field, 25-30 minutes working time.

Methods of assimilating/perfecting the body skills specific to the football game

In pairs, on the spot, passing the ball with the inner side of the foot, working in 2 lines, 10-15 x, sec break.

In pairs, by moving, passing the ball with the inner side of the foot ended by shooting at the gate, 10-15 x, 25 sec break.

In pairs, on the spot, passing the ball with the arch, working in 2 lines, 10-15 x, sec break.

In pairs, by moving, passing the ball with the arch ending by shooting at the gate , working in 2 lines, 10-15 x, 25 sec break.

In pairs, on the spot, receiving the ball with the inner side of the foot, working in 2 lines, 10-15 x, sec break.

In pairs, by moving, receiving the ball with the inner side of the foot ending by shooting at the gate, 10-15 x, 25 sec break.

In pairs, on the spot, receiving the ball with the arch, working in 2 lines, 10-15 x, sec break.

In pairs, by moving, receiving the ball with the arch, working in 2 lines, 10-15 x, 25 sec break.

In pairs, receiving the ball with the arch or with the inner side of the foot, leading the ball alternating the left and the right foot through the obstacles, 10-15 x, sec break.

In pairs, receiving the ball with the arch or with the inner side of the foot, leading the ball alternating the left and the right foot through the obstacles, contra tempo, 10-15 x, sec break.

Methods of assimilating/perfecting the body skills specific to the handball game

Throwing the ball up and catching it, 6-8 x, 2 lines face to face at a distance of 3m, break while the partner is working.

Throwing the ball up and catching it after it has reached the soil, 6-8 x, 2 lines face to face at a distance of 3m, break while the partner is working.

Catching and passing the ball in a triangle on the spot with a hand at the level of the shoulder, 4m distance, 25 sec to the left and 25 sec to the right, this cycle will be repeated 4-6 x, 20 sec break.

6 lines face to face, passing the ball in the shuttle position, with the moving of the one who passed it at the back of the line, working time 4-6 minutes.

6 lines two by two on the breadth of the field, passes in pairs with a hand at the level of the shoulder, by moving, 4-6 x, break return at the starting point.

Passes in three with a hand at the level of the shoulder, by moving, at a 2-3m distance, 6-8 x, break return at the starting point.

Activity games: traveling ball, first one to reach the ball, who passes quickly, passing in circle, who holds the ball longer, ball through the tunnel.

Dribbling on the spot with the left and the right hand, in pairs, 4-6 minutes, 20 sec break.

Dribbling by moving with the left and the right hand, on a 15-20m distance and return, in pairs, 4-6 minutes, 20 sec break.

6 lines at the starting point, relay race with 20m dribbling plus return, 4-6 x, sec break.

Activity games: harvesting the potatoes, who leads the ball correctly, who leads the ball faster.

3 students in each line, passes with a hand at the level of the shoulder by changing places, on the breadth of the field, 4-6 x, break return at the starting point.

Methods of assimilating/perfecting the body skills specific to the volley game

4 lines face to face two by two, 2-3m distance, high passes with both hands above the head (insisting on the hands' position while passing the ball), working time 10 minutes, 30 sec break.

4 lines face to face two by two, 2-3m distance, high passes with both hands above the head (insisting on the hands' position while passing the ball), moving with adjoined steps to the left and to the right, working time 10 minutes, 30 sec break.

4 lines face to face two by two, 3-4m distance, one line high pass with both hands, the other receiving the ball from the soil with both hands, 15-20 x, then changing the role, 25 sec break.

In groups of 4 at the ending line of the field, practicing the low service from ahead and from above, 10-15 x, 20 sec break.

In lines of one student each, on one and the other side of the net, jumping on legs, arms stretched up (individual blocking), -20 x, 30 sec break.

At the audio signal, in groups of 6 students each positioned on the field in the 6 points, 6-8 x, 10 sec break.

At the audio signal, performing the rotation specific to the gaining of the service, 10-16 x, 30 sec break.

Performing the 3 hits: receiving, raising and the attack hit on the impetus direction, on the other side of the net individual blocking is performed, 10-15 x, 30 sec break.

Conclusions

The main components of the sport events contribute to the formation of a varied system of knowledge, body skills and abilities having the purpose of shaping and developing a high level of manifesting the body abilities.

Used continuously and systematically both in the Physical education classes and in the free time activities, body abilities specific to the sport competitions contribute to the development of a harmonious shaped body, with a muscle mass beautifully shaped and with a correct body line.

The body abilities specific to the sport competitions may also be used under the form of activity games.

Bibliography:

Atkinson, Rita (and assistants). (2002). Introduction in Psychology. Bucharest: The Technical Publishing House, the XI edition.

Bota, Cornelia si Prodescu, Bogdana. (1997). Physical and Sport Education Physiology. Ergophysiology. Rm.Valcea: Antim Ivireanu Publishing House.

Carstea, Gheorghe. (1993). Sport and Physical Education Theory and Methodolody. Bucharest: Universe Publishing House.

Colibaba-Evulet, Dumitru si Bota, Ioan. (1998). Sport Competitions. Theory and Methodology. Bucharest: Aldin Publishing House.

Dragnea, Adrian si Bota, Aura. (1999). Body Activities Theory. Bucharest, Didactic and Pedagogic Publishing House.

Epuran, Mihai. (1990). Modelling the Sport Conduct. Bucharest: Sport-Tourism Publishing House.

Ghitescu, Gabriel si Moanta, Alina. (2005). Basketball. Theoretical and Methodical Concepts. Bucharest: ANEFS.

Moanta, Alina. (2000). Physical Training for the Basketball Game.Bucharest: Pro-Editura.

Motroc, Ion si Cojocaru, Viorel. (1991). Modelling the Training by the Rules of the Game. Bucharest: IEFS Publishing House.



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